Évry Léon Schatzman (16 September 1920 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine – 25 April 2010) was a Jewish French astrophysicist. His father, Benjamin Schatzman, was a dentist born in Tulcea, Romania and emigrated at a young age with his family in Palestine. Schatzman began his studies at the École Normale Supérieure in November 1939. After the German invasion of France, Schatzman, who was Jewish, fled occupied France, arriving in Lyon in January 1942. He worked there for a year and then moved to Haute-Provence Observatory. He began work at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) in the fall of 1945 and received his doctorate in March 1946. He then worked at Copenhagen Observatory and Princeton University before beginning to teach at the University of Paris in 1949, where he

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  • Evry Léon Schatzman (16 septembre 1920 à Neuilly-sur-Seine, France - 25 avril 2010 à Paris) est un astrophysicien français spécialisé dans le domaine de la structure des étoiles. Il est aussi connu pour avoir été, après-guerre, un pionnier de l'enseignement de l'astrophysique théorique en France. (fr)
  • Evry Léon Schatzman (* 16. September 1920 in Neuilly-sur-Seine; † 25. April 2010 in Paris) war ein französischer Astrophysiker. (de)
  • Schatzman iniziò i suoi studi presso l'École Normale Supérieure nel novembre 1939; in seguito all'invasione della Francia da parte della Germania nazista, Schatzman, essendo ebreo, fuggì dalla Francia occupata, rifugiandosi a Lione nel gennaio 1942, dove lavorò per un anno per poi spostarsi all'Observatoire de Haute-Provence. Iniziò a lavorare presso il Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) nell'autunno 1945, ricevendo il dottorato nel marzo 1946. Lavorò quindi presso l'Osservatorio di Copenaghen e la Princeton University prima di divenire docente dell'Università di Parigi nel 1949, dove rimase per ventisette anni; in questo periodo insegnò anche presso la Université Libre de Bruxelles. Schatzman divenne professore associato dell'università parigina nel 1954. Nel 1976 si trasferì presso l'Osservatorio di Nizza, dove divenne ricercatore a tempo indeterminato. Andò in pensione nell'autunno 1989. Schatzman si occupò delle nane bianche durante gli anni quaranta; scoprì che le atmosfere di questi oggetti erano gravitazionalmente stratificate, con l'idrogeno nella parte più esterna e gli elementi più pesanti a seguire,, §5–6 Inoltre fu uno dei proponenti della teoria del riscaldamento coronale mediato da onde. (it)
  • エヴリー・レオン・シャツマン(Évry Léon Schatzman、1920年9月16日 - 2010年4月25日 )はフランスの天体物理学者。 パリ西部近郊のヌイイ=シュル=セーヌで生まれた。1945年、高等師範学校を卒業し、翌年博士号を得た。プリンストン大学などで研究を行った後、パリ大学で教えた。フランス国立宇宙研究センター(CENTRE NATIONAL D'ETUDES SPATIALES:CNES)の設立に貢献した。1983年にフランス国立科学研究センター(CNRS)からCNRSゴールドメダルを受賞し、1985年に科学アカデミー会員に選出された。フランスの学際的な学会である合理主義学会(Union Rationaliste)の会長を1970年から2001年まで務め、退任後は名誉会長を務めた。 (ja)
  • Évry Léon Schatzman (Neuilly-sur-Seine, 16 de setembro de 1920 — 25 de abril de 2010) foi um astrofísico francês. (pt)
  • Évry Léon Schatzman (16 September 1920 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine – 25 April 2010) was a Jewish French astrophysicist. His father, Benjamin Schatzman, was a dentist born in Tulcea, Romania and emigrated at a young age with his family in Palestine. Schatzman began his studies at the École Normale Supérieure in November 1939. After the German invasion of France, Schatzman, who was Jewish, fled occupied France, arriving in Lyon in January 1942. He worked there for a year and then moved to Haute-Provence Observatory. He began work at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) in the fall of 1945 and received his doctorate in March 1946. He then worked at Copenhagen Observatory and Princeton University before beginning to teach at the University of Paris in 1949, where he remained for 27 years. During this period Schatzman also taught at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (English: Free University of Brussels). Schatzman became an associate professor at the University of Paris in 1954. In 1976 he moved to Nice Observatory, where he eventually became a full-time researcher. Schatzman retired in the fall of 1989. Schatzman worked on white dwarfs during the 1940s. He realized that the atmospheres of white dwarfs should be gravitationally stratified, with hydrogen on top and heavier elements below,, §5–6 and explained pressure ionization in white dwarf atmospheres. He was one of the proponents of the wave heating theory of the solar corona. Schatzman proposed the mechanism of magnetic braking, by which outflows slow down the stellar rotation. Schatzman wrote the astrophysics textbook Astrophysique Générale and contributed greatly to the popularity of astrophysics in France. He received the Prix Jules Janssen of the French Astronomical Society in 1973, the Holweck award in 1985, and the Gold Medal of the CNRS in 1983. He became a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1985. In 1992 the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSICOP) presented Schatzman with their Distinguished Skeptic Award. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1920-9-16
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 2010-4-25
dbo:deathPlace
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  • 13361044 (xsd:integer)
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  • 741318694 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • French astronomer (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Evry Léon Schatzman (16 septembre 1920 à Neuilly-sur-Seine, France - 25 avril 2010 à Paris) est un astrophysicien français spécialisé dans le domaine de la structure des étoiles. Il est aussi connu pour avoir été, après-guerre, un pionnier de l'enseignement de l'astrophysique théorique en France. (fr)
  • Evry Léon Schatzman (* 16. September 1920 in Neuilly-sur-Seine; † 25. April 2010 in Paris) war ein französischer Astrophysiker. (de)
  • エヴリー・レオン・シャツマン(Évry Léon Schatzman、1920年9月16日 - 2010年4月25日 )はフランスの天体物理学者。 パリ西部近郊のヌイイ=シュル=セーヌで生まれた。1945年、高等師範学校を卒業し、翌年博士号を得た。プリンストン大学などで研究を行った後、パリ大学で教えた。フランス国立宇宙研究センター(CENTRE NATIONAL D'ETUDES SPATIALES:CNES)の設立に貢献した。1983年にフランス国立科学研究センター(CNRS)からCNRSゴールドメダルを受賞し、1985年に科学アカデミー会員に選出された。フランスの学際的な学会である合理主義学会(Union Rationaliste)の会長を1970年から2001年まで務め、退任後は名誉会長を務めた。 (ja)
  • Évry Léon Schatzman (Neuilly-sur-Seine, 16 de setembro de 1920 — 25 de abril de 2010) foi um astrofísico francês. (pt)
  • Évry Léon Schatzman (16 September 1920 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine – 25 April 2010) was a Jewish French astrophysicist. His father, Benjamin Schatzman, was a dentist born in Tulcea, Romania and emigrated at a young age with his family in Palestine. Schatzman began his studies at the École Normale Supérieure in November 1939. After the German invasion of France, Schatzman, who was Jewish, fled occupied France, arriving in Lyon in January 1942. He worked there for a year and then moved to Haute-Provence Observatory. He began work at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) in the fall of 1945 and received his doctorate in March 1946. He then worked at Copenhagen Observatory and Princeton University before beginning to teach at the University of Paris in 1949, where he (en)
  • Schatzman iniziò i suoi studi presso l'École Normale Supérieure nel novembre 1939; in seguito all'invasione della Francia da parte della Germania nazista, Schatzman, essendo ebreo, fuggì dalla Francia occupata, rifugiandosi a Lione nel gennaio 1942, dove lavorò per un anno per poi spostarsi all'Observatoire de Haute-Provence. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Evry Schatzman (de)
  • Evry Schatzman (fr)
  • Évry Schatzman (it)
  • エヴリー・シャツマン (ja)
  • Évry Schatzman (en)
  • Evry Schatzman (pt)
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  • Évry Schatzman (en)
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