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In the United States, a work made for hire (work for hire or WFH) is a work created by an employee as part of their job, or some limited types of works where all parties agree in writing to the WFH designation. Work for hire is a statutorily defined term (17 U.S.C. § 101), so a work for hire is not created merely because parties to an agreement state that the work is a work for hire. It is an exception to the general rule that the person who actually creates a work is the legally recognized author of that work. According to copyright law in the United States and certain other copyright jurisdictions, if a work is "made for hire", the employer—not the employee—is considered the legal author. In some countries, this is known as corporate authorship. The entity serving as an employer may be a

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  • Work for hire
  • Prestação de serviços
  • Авторское право на служебные произведения
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  • In the United States, a work made for hire (work for hire or WFH) is a work created by an employee as part of their job, or some limited types of works where all parties agree in writing to the WFH designation. Work for hire is a statutorily defined term (17 U.S.C. § 101), so a work for hire is not created merely because parties to an agreement state that the work is a work for hire. It is an exception to the general rule that the person who actually creates a work is the legally recognized author of that work. According to copyright law in the United States and certain other copyright jurisdictions, if a work is "made for hire", the employer—not the employee—is considered the legal author. In some countries, this is known as corporate authorship. The entity serving as an employer may be a
  • Um trabalho realizado a título de aluguel de mão-de-obra física ou intelectual (no Brasil utiliza-se o termo "prestação de serviços”) é uma exceção à regra geral onde a pessoa que realmente cria um trabalho é a autora legalmente reconhecida deste trabalho. De acordo com a lei de direitos autorais na maioria de países, se um trabalho "é realizado por terceiros", o empregador — não o empregado — é considerado o autor legal. Em alguns países também é conhecido como autoria incorporada. O empregador pode ser uma corporação ou um indivíduo.
  • Авторское право на служебные произведения (works made for hire) — право на произведение, созданное работником в рамках его основной работы по найму или для некоторых ограниченных видов работ, где все Стороны договариваются в письменной форме. Работа по найму — законодательно определенный термин (17 U. S. С. § 101). Существует также понятие корпоративное авторство, когда в качестве работодателя выступает корпорация или иное юридическое лицо.
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  • In the United States, a work made for hire (work for hire or WFH) is a work created by an employee as part of their job, or some limited types of works where all parties agree in writing to the WFH designation. Work for hire is a statutorily defined term (17 U.S.C. § 101), so a work for hire is not created merely because parties to an agreement state that the work is a work for hire. It is an exception to the general rule that the person who actually creates a work is the legally recognized author of that work. According to copyright law in the United States and certain other copyright jurisdictions, if a work is "made for hire", the employer—not the employee—is considered the legal author. In some countries, this is known as corporate authorship. The entity serving as an employer may be a corporation or other legal entity, an organization, or an individual.
  • Um trabalho realizado a título de aluguel de mão-de-obra física ou intelectual (no Brasil utiliza-se o termo "prestação de serviços”) é uma exceção à regra geral onde a pessoa que realmente cria um trabalho é a autora legalmente reconhecida deste trabalho. De acordo com a lei de direitos autorais na maioria de países, se um trabalho "é realizado por terceiros", o empregador — não o empregado — é considerado o autor legal. Em alguns países também é conhecido como autoria incorporada. O empregador pode ser uma corporação ou um indivíduo. O criador real pode ou não ser mencionado publicamente quanto aos créditos do trabalho, e este crédito não afeta seu estado ou condição legal. Por exemplo, a Microsoft empregou muitos programadores ao desenvolver o sistema operacional Windows que tem os créditos dirigidos e creditados somente à Corporação Microsoft. Por contraste, a Adobe Systems apresenta uma listagem de créditos onde constam muitos desenvolvedores do software Photoshop. Em ambos os casos o software é de propriedade da empresa. De maneira semelhante, artigos em jornais e notícia cedem os créditos por escrito a equipe, roteiristas e ilustradores que produziram uma história em quadrinhos de personagens tais como Batman ou Homem-Aranha, cedem os direitos para as editoras e, caso sejam republicados, essas mantém os direitos autorais da obra. Os países que adotam a Convenção de Berna para a Proteção de Trabalhos Artísticos e Literários reconhecem os "direitos morais" incluindo o direito dos criadores reais serem publicamente identificados como tal, mantendo a integridade de seus trabalhos.
  • Авторское право на служебные произведения (works made for hire) — право на произведение, созданное работником в рамках его основной работы по найму или для некоторых ограниченных видов работ, где все Стороны договариваются в письменной форме. Работа по найму — законодательно определенный термин (17 U. S. С. § 101). Существует также понятие корпоративное авторство, когда в качестве работодателя выступает корпорация или иное юридическое лицо. Примером служебных произведений в США являются операционные системы компании Майкрософт, разработанные программистами компании. Издатели имеют авторские права на работы: cтатьи в прессе, написанные сотрудниками газет, иллюстрации, комиксы и др. Однако статьи, опубликованные в научных журналах, или работы, произведённые фрилансерами для журналов обычно не являются произведениями, созданными в работах по найму, поэтому издатели, при желании, могут только требовать от правообладателя, автора, оформить соглашение о передаче авторских прав издателю. Авторы служебных произведений сохраняют только моральные права.
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