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The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. The First War (1296–1328) began with the English invasion of Scotland in 1296, and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328. The Second War (1332–1357) began with the English-supported invasion by Edward Balliol and the "Disinherited" in 1332, and ended in 1357 with the signing of the Treaty of Berwick. The wars were part of a great crisis for Scotland and the period became one of the most defining times in its history. At the end of both wars, Scotland retained its status as an independent state. The wars were important for other reasons, such as the emergence of the longbow as a key

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Wars of Scottish Independence
  • حروب الاستقلال الاسكتلندية
  • Schottische Unabhängigkeitskriege
  • Guerras de independencia de Escocia
  • Guerres d'indépendance de l'Écosse
  • Guerre d'indipendenza scozzesi
  • スコットランド独立戦争
  • Guerras de independência da Escócia
  • Войны за независимость Шотландии
rdfs:comment
  • スコットランド独立戦争(スコットランドどくりつせんそう、英語:Wars of Scottish Independence)は、13世紀から14世紀にかけてスコットランド王国で起こった、イングランド王国に対する戦争である。
  • The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. The First War (1296–1328) began with the English invasion of Scotland in 1296, and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328. The Second War (1332–1357) began with the English-supported invasion by Edward Balliol and the "Disinherited" in 1332, and ended in 1357 with the signing of the Treaty of Berwick. The wars were part of a great crisis for Scotland and the period became one of the most defining times in its history. At the end of both wars, Scotland retained its status as an independent state. The wars were important for other reasons, such as the emergence of the longbow as a key
  • 25بك هذه المقالة تحتاج للمزيد من الوصلات للمقالات الأخرى للمساعدة في ترابط مقالات الموسوعة. فضلًا ساعد في تحسين هذه المقالة بإضافة وصلات إلى المقالات المتعلقة بها الموجودة في النص الحالي. (يونيو 2013) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (نوفمبر_2011) حروب الاستقلال الاسكتلندية هي تلك الحروب التي قامت بين مملكة اسكتلندا ومملكة إنجلترا من أواخر القرن الثالث عشر إلى منتصف القرن الرابع عشر الميلادي
  • Die Schottischen Unabhängigkeitskriege dauerten von 1296 bis 1357. In diesem Zeitraum versuchten nacheinander die englischen Könige Edward I., Edward II. und Edward III., das Königreich Schottland zu unterwerfen und in ihren Hoheitsbereich einzugliedern. Aufgrund seiner engen diplomatischen Beziehungen zu Schottland und der fortwährenden Rivalität zu England spielte auch das Königreich Frankreich eine wichtige Rolle in diesem Konflikt. Die Schottischen Unabhängigkeitskriege gelten als einer der auslösenden Faktoren für den Ausbruch des Hundertjährigen Kriegs zwischen England und Frankreich. Üblicherweise unterscheidet man zwischen dem Ersten Schottischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg (1296–1328), der mit dem Abkommen von Edinburgh und Northampton endete, und dem Zweiten Schottischen Unabhängigkeits
  • Se conoce con el nombre de Guerras de independencia de Escocia a todo un conjunto de diversas campañas militares que enfrentaron a Escocia con Inglaterra entre finales del siglo XIII y ya avanzada la segunda mitad del siglo XIV. A lo largo de dicho período y de las campañas y batallas subsiguientes, el objetivo de Inglaterra era la ocupación y anexión del territorio escocés, mientras que Escocia pretendía mantener su propia independencia frente a los ingleses.
  • Les guerres d’indépendance de l’Écosse furent une série de campagnes militaires qui opposèrent l’Écosse à l’Angleterre durant la fin du XIIIe siècle et le début du XIVe siècle. La première guerre (1296-1328) débuta avec l’invasion anglaise de l’Écosse et se termina avec la signature du traité d'Édimbourg-Northampton en 1328. La deuxième guerre (1332-1357) éclata lors de l’invasion d’Édouard Balliol, soutenu par les Anglais, en 1332, et se termina en 1357 à la signature du traité de Berwick. Ces guerres firent partie d’une grande crise nationale pour l’Écosse et l’époque fut décisive pour l’histoire du pays. À la fin des deux guerres, l’Écosse maintint son statut de nation libre et indépendante, ce qui fut son objectif tout au long du conflit. Ces guerres furent notables pour d’autres raiso
  • Le guerre di indipendenza scozzesi furono una serie di campagne militari combattute tra il Regno di Scozia e il Regno d'Inghilterra a cavallo tra XIII secolo e XIV secolo. La Prima Guerra (1296–1328) iniziò con l'invasione inglese della Scozia nel 1296, e terminò con la firma del Trattato di Edimburgo-Northampton del 1328. La Seconda Guerra (1332–1357) iniziò con l'invasione di Edoardo Balliol, sostenuta dall'Inghilterra e i "Diseredati" nel 1332, e terminò nel 1357 con la firma del Trattato di Berwick. Le guerre furono parte di una grande crisi nazionale della Scozia e il periodo divenne uno dei momenti più determinanti della storia della nazione. Al termine di entrambe le guerre, la Scozia mantenne il proprio status di nazione indipendente. Le guerre furono importanti per altre ragioni,
  • As Guerras de independência da Escócia foram uma série de campanhas militares entre os reinos da Escócia e Inglaterra entre os séculos XIII e XIV. O conflito foi dividido em duas fases: a primeira guerra (1296–1328) que começou como uma crise na monarquia escocesa, convivendo com as brigas incessantes dos clãs, viu Eduardo I da Inglaterra avançar com as suas tropas para tentar a total subjugação do reino vizinho. Após três décadas de violência, Roberto I ascendeu ao trono e repeliu a invasão inimiga. A segunda fase (1332–1357) foi na verdade uma quase guerra civil, quando as forças leias a Eduardo Balliol desafiaram a autoridade do rei David II da Escócia, o que provocou uma resposta inglesa na forma de uma invasão em larga escala. Os escoceses lutaram novamente por sua sobrevivência como
  • Во́йны за незави́симость Шотла́ндии — два военных конфликта, имевших место между независимыми Королевством Шотландия и Королевством Англия с конца XIII до середины XIV века. Первая война (1296—1328) началась с английского вторжения в Шотландию в 1296 году и закончилась подписанием Нортгемптонского договора в 1328 году. Вторая война (1332—1357) — с поддержанного англичанами вторжения в страну претендента на шотландский престол Эдуарда Баллиоля и его партии «лишённых наследства» в 1332 году и закончилась в 1357 году подписанием Бервикского мирного договора.
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