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A type certificate is issued to signify the airworthiness of an aircraft manufacturing design. The certificate is issued by a regulating body, and once issued, the design cannot be changed. The certificate reflects a determination made by the regulating body that the aircraft is manufactured according to an approved design, and that the design ensures compliance with airworthiness requirements. The regulating body compares design documents and processes to determine if the design meets requirements established for the type of equipment. Requirements established by a regulating body typically refer to Minimum Operating Performance Standards (MOPS) and related documents (such as DO-178 series, DO-160 series and DO-254 series), which are developed jointly by RTCA, Inc. and EUROCAE. Once issue

AttributesValues
rdfs:label
  • Musterzulassung
  • Type certificate
  • Certificato di tipo
  • Certificat de type
  • 型式証明
  • Сертификат типа (авиация)
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  • Le certificat de type (en anglais type certificate ou TC) est un document administratif délivré par une autorité de certification pour un aéronef, un moteur ou une hélice. Ce document certifie que le produit répond à un ensemble de spécifications garantissant sa navigabilité. L'autorité de certification est l'AESA pour l'Europe, la FAA pour les États-Unis. Un certificat de type est nécessaire pour l'exploitation commerciale d'un aéronef. Lorsqu'un modèle d'aéronef détient un certificat de type, chaque exemplaire de cet aéronef doit également détenir un certificat de navigabilité.
  • Il certificato di tipo o certificato di omologazione (in inglese Type Certificate) è emesso dall'autorità aeronautica di un paese quando viene dimostrata la rispondenza di un "prodotto aeronautico" (velivolo, motore o elica) ai requisiti di aeronavigabilità previsti dalla normativa vigente.
  • 型式証明(かたしきしょうめい、英語: Type certificate)とは、ある航空機の型式の設計が安全性及び環境適合性の基準を満たしていることを証明するものである。 日本では国土交通省が定める基準に基づき国土交通大臣が発行する。国際的にはアメリカ連邦航空局(FAA)、欧州航空安全機関(EASA)の発行するものが広く通用している。日本では日米間の協定により、日本・米国の型式証明について相互承認が認められている。 以下、主に日本における型式証明について解説する。
  • A type certificate is issued to signify the airworthiness of an aircraft manufacturing design. The certificate is issued by a regulating body, and once issued, the design cannot be changed. The certificate reflects a determination made by the regulating body that the aircraft is manufactured according to an approved design, and that the design ensures compliance with airworthiness requirements. The regulating body compares design documents and processes to determine if the design meets requirements established for the type of equipment. Requirements established by a regulating body typically refer to Minimum Operating Performance Standards (MOPS) and related documents (such as DO-178 series, DO-160 series and DO-254 series), which are developed jointly by RTCA, Inc. and EUROCAE. Once issue
  • Die Musterzulassung (engl. type certificate - für das Dokument; type certification - für den Prozess) ist die offizielle Zulassung (Zertifizierung) eines Luftfahrzeugmusters zum Flugverkehr. Im Gegensatz dazu existiert für einzelne Luftfahrzeuge im Selbstbau auch eine Einzelstückzulassung. Musterzulassungen sind auch für die verwendeten Triebwerke, Propeller, Geräte und Ausrüstungen erforderlich. Sie erfolgen durch die Luftfahrtbehörde des Staates, in dem das Luftfahrzeug später registriert wird. Im Rahmen der Zulassung wird überprüft, ob die zugrunde liegenden Bauvorschriften erfüllt wurden. Der Begriffsbestandteil Muster bezieht sich auf die Gültigkeit für Bau- oder Modellreihen (Flugzeugmuster/-typen).
  • Сертификат типа — выдаётся государственной организацией, регулирующей авиационную сферу, производителям аэрокосмической техники или её элементов после официальной проверки разработанного этим производителем гражданского самолёта, двигателя, пропеллера и т. п., если последний, по результатам этой проверки, удовлетворяет текущим действующим требованиям годности для безопасной лётной эксплуатации во всех потенциально возможных условиях эксплуатации (военные самолёты обычно не рассматриваются)
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  • Die Musterzulassung (engl. type certificate - für das Dokument; type certification - für den Prozess) ist die offizielle Zulassung (Zertifizierung) eines Luftfahrzeugmusters zum Flugverkehr. Im Gegensatz dazu existiert für einzelne Luftfahrzeuge im Selbstbau auch eine Einzelstückzulassung. Musterzulassungen sind auch für die verwendeten Triebwerke, Propeller, Geräte und Ausrüstungen erforderlich. Sie erfolgen durch die Luftfahrtbehörde des Staates, in dem das Luftfahrzeug später registriert wird. Im Rahmen der Zulassung wird überprüft, ob die zugrunde liegenden Bauvorschriften erfüllt wurden. Der Begriffsbestandteil Muster bezieht sich auf die Gültigkeit für Bau- oder Modellreihen (Flugzeugmuster/-typen). Musterzulassungen sollen die Sicherheit des Luftverkehrs gewährleisten. Neben der Musterzulassung benötigt ein einzelnes Luftfahrzeug noch ein sogenanntes Lufttüchtigkeitszeugnis, um am Luftverkehr teilnehmen zu dürfen.
  • A type certificate is issued to signify the airworthiness of an aircraft manufacturing design. The certificate is issued by a regulating body, and once issued, the design cannot be changed. The certificate reflects a determination made by the regulating body that the aircraft is manufactured according to an approved design, and that the design ensures compliance with airworthiness requirements. The regulating body compares design documents and processes to determine if the design meets requirements established for the type of equipment. Requirements established by a regulating body typically refer to Minimum Operating Performance Standards (MOPS) and related documents (such as DO-178 series, DO-160 series and DO-254 series), which are developed jointly by RTCA, Inc. and EUROCAE. Once issued, the aircraft "type" meets appropriate requirements. The determination process includes a step called "First Article Inspection", for it and for each of its subassemblies. This is a quality control assessment whereas those prior to it are part of quality assurance. With respect to "cannot be changed": When an airframer wants to change something it has two options. One is to request a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC), the other is to create an entirely different design. The choice is determined by considering whether or not the change constitutes a new design (i.e. introduces risk not considered in the first design). If the manufacturer believes the change doesn't introduce new risk the manufacturer typically requests an STC. This is less expensive. If the regulatory authority agrees with the rationale for choosing STC, the STC is granted. * The type certificate (TC) implies that aircraft manufactured according to the approved design can be issued an Airworthiness Certificate. Examples of regulatory authorities are the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the (European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). To meet those requirements the aircraft and each sub-assembly must also be approved. For example, in the U.S. these sub-assemblies must meet requirements in the applicable Technical Standard Order (TSO). To meet those requirements the design documents are examined for compliance with the applicable Minimum Operating Performance Standards (MOPS) applicable to that sub-assembly. MOPS are published by RTCA, Inc. When aircraft are produced to meet a given TC, each one need not be tested as rigorously but the confidence demonstrated by the TC is conferred, when the aircraft has been assigned an Airworthiness Certificate. * An "Airworthiness Certificate" is issued for each aircraft that is properly registered if it conforms to its type design. The airworthiness certificate is valid and the aircraft may be operated as long as it is maintained in accordance with the rules issued by the regulatory authority. A supplemental type certificate (STC) is issued following a modification. The STC defines the product design change, states how the modification affects the existing type design, and lists serial numbers effectivity. It also identifies the certification basis listing specific regulatory compliance for the design change. Information contained in the certification basis is helpful for those applicants proposing subsequent product modifications and evaluating certification basis compatibility with other STC modifications. The concept of a 'type certificate' was introduced in the UK by "The Air Navigation (Consolidation) Order, 1923".
  • Le certificat de type (en anglais type certificate ou TC) est un document administratif délivré par une autorité de certification pour un aéronef, un moteur ou une hélice. Ce document certifie que le produit répond à un ensemble de spécifications garantissant sa navigabilité. L'autorité de certification est l'AESA pour l'Europe, la FAA pour les États-Unis. Un certificat de type est nécessaire pour l'exploitation commerciale d'un aéronef. Lorsqu'un modèle d'aéronef détient un certificat de type, chaque exemplaire de cet aéronef doit également détenir un certificat de navigabilité.
  • Il certificato di tipo o certificato di omologazione (in inglese Type Certificate) è emesso dall'autorità aeronautica di un paese quando viene dimostrata la rispondenza di un "prodotto aeronautico" (velivolo, motore o elica) ai requisiti di aeronavigabilità previsti dalla normativa vigente.
  • 型式証明(かたしきしょうめい、英語: Type certificate)とは、ある航空機の型式の設計が安全性及び環境適合性の基準を満たしていることを証明するものである。 日本では国土交通省が定める基準に基づき国土交通大臣が発行する。国際的にはアメリカ連邦航空局(FAA)、欧州航空安全機関(EASA)の発行するものが広く通用している。日本では日米間の協定により、日本・米国の型式証明について相互承認が認められている。 以下、主に日本における型式証明について解説する。
  • Сертификат типа — выдаётся государственной организацией, регулирующей авиационную сферу, производителям аэрокосмической техники или её элементов после официальной проверки разработанного этим производителем гражданского самолёта, двигателя, пропеллера и т. п., если последний, по результатам этой проверки, удовлетворяет текущим действующим требованиям годности для безопасной лётной эксплуатации во всех потенциально возможных условиях эксплуатации (военные самолёты обычно не рассматриваются) Помимо базового сертификата (Type certificate) типа могут выдаваться дополнительные, например, сертификат типа по шуму на местности (Type noise certificate). Воздушное судно, производимое по полученному им сертификату типа, должны получить также сертификат лётной годности (Airworthiness certificate). Также сторонние агентства сертификации могут выпускать подтверждение сертификата типа (или сертификат признания типа — type acceptance certificate).
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