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A tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong that unfairly causes someone else to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act, called a tortfeasor. Although crimes may be torts, the cause of legal action is not necessarily a crime, as the harm may be due to negligence which does not amount to criminal negligence. The victim of the harm can recover their loss as damages in a lawsuit. In order to prevail, the plaintiff in the lawsuit, commonly referred to as the injured party, must show that the actions or lack of action was the legally recognizable cause of the harm. The equivalent of tort in civil law jurisdictions is delict.

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Tort
  • Deliktsrecht
  • Responsabilidad extracontractual
  • Responsabilité délictuelle
  • Responsabilità extracontrattuale
  • 不法行為
  • Delikt
  • 侵权行为
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  • La responsabilité délictuelle ou responsabilité civile délictuelle ou responsabilité extracontractuelle est une branche du droit visant à régir les situations où une personne cause injustement un préjudice à autrui. Elle se présente sous des formes extrêmement variées selon les systèmes juridiques. Le domaine de la responsabilité délictuelle est donc difficile à définir précisément puisque chaque pays peut organiser les règles d'une manière ou d'une autre. La responsabilité délictuelle ou extracontractuelle est souvent distinguée du droit des contrats et du droit pénal.
  • Das Deliktsrecht bezeichnet ein Rechtsgebiet, das sich mit den Rechtsfolgen unerlaubter Handlungen beschäftigt. In den Rechtsordnungen kontinentaleuropäischer Prägung zählt es zum Zivilrecht.
  • 不法行為(ふほうこうい)とは、ある者が他人の権利ないし利益を違法に侵害する行為。また、その場合に加害者に対して被害者の損害を賠償すべき債務を負わせる法制度である。 以下、民法については条数のみ記載する。
  • Delikt (łac. delictum – czyn niedozwolony, błąd, przewinienie) – pojęcie prawnicze, mające swe korzenie w czasach starożytnego Rzymu. W prawie rzymskim wyróżniano: * crimina – czyny zabronione prawa publicznego, * delicta – czyny niedozwolone prawa prywatnego. Delikty prawa prywatnego były źródłem powstania zobowiązania między sprawcą a poszkodowanym, rozstrzyganego w formie procesu prywatnego. Współcześnie pojęcie deliktu funkcjonuje w wielu dziedzinach prawa.
  • 侵权行为(大陸法英文:delict,普通法英文:tort),是指行为人侵害别人权利的行为。 雖然有很多行為同時屬於侵權及犯罪,他們是截然不同的範疇:犯罪可理解為違反對整個社會的責任,刑事檢控絕大多數由國家提出、亦是國家的職責之一(在特別情況下,個人亦可以提出私人刑事檢控);而相反,任何人遭受侵權,都可以為此提出控告。
  • A tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong that unfairly causes someone else to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act, called a tortfeasor. Although crimes may be torts, the cause of legal action is not necessarily a crime, as the harm may be due to negligence which does not amount to criminal negligence. The victim of the harm can recover their loss as damages in a lawsuit. In order to prevail, the plaintiff in the lawsuit, commonly referred to as the injured party, must show that the actions or lack of action was the legally recognizable cause of the harm. The equivalent of tort in civil law jurisdictions is delict.
  • La disciplina della responsabilità extracontrattuale o responsabilità aquiliana è prevista dall'art. 2043 c.c. nell'ordinamento giuridico italiano. Ha la sua origine in un plebiscito romano del III secolo a.C. denominato Lex Aquilia de damno (iniuria dato). Divenne Lex in seguito alla Lex Hortensia del 286 a.C. che equiparò il plebiscitum alla lex; Aquilia perché promossa dal tribuno C. Aquilio; de damno iniuria dato perché era volta a punire quanti avessero arrecato (dato), con un loro comportamento contrario al jus (iniuria), un qualsivoglia danno a beni appartenenti al soggetto interessato.
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