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A timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was another name given to the Timarli Sipahi cavalry that served the Ottoman sultan and in return was granted a fief called a timar. The timariots had to assemble with the army when at war, and had to take care of the land entrusted to him in times of peace. When at war, the timariot had to bring his own equipment and in addition a number of armed retainers (cebelu). The timariot was granted feudatory with the obligation to go mounted to war and to supply soldiers and sailors in numbers proportionate to the revenue of the appanage. The timariot owed personal service for his sword in time of war and for a certain sum of money owed a number of soldiers as a substitute (cebelu). The (cebelu) was bound to live on the timariot’s estate and look a

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  • Timariot
  • Timariot
  • Timariote
  • Timariot
  • Тимариоты
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  • Les timariots ou timariotes (timarlu en turc) sont une armée irrégulière de cavaliers légers qui servaient le sultan ottoman en temps de guerre, en échange d'un fief appelé timar.
  • Se llamaba timariot al poseedor de un feudo en Turquía. Tenía la obligación de servir personalmente a caballo en tiempo de guerra si el timar le producía poca renta, o acompañado de cierto número de soldados en función del producto obtenido de aquella. Existían tres tipos de timariotes: los yemalers, los iseles y los bernabetes.
  • A timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was another name given to the Timarli Sipahi cavalry that served the Ottoman sultan and in return was granted a fief called a timar. The timariots had to assemble with the army when at war, and had to take care of the land entrusted to him in times of peace. When at war, the timariot had to bring his own equipment and in addition a number of armed retainers (cebelu). The timariot was granted feudatory with the obligation to go mounted to war and to supply soldiers and sailors in numbers proportionate to the revenue of the appanage. The timariot owed personal service for his sword in time of war and for a certain sum of money owed a number of soldiers as a substitute (cebelu). The (cebelu) was bound to live on the timariot’s estate and look a
  • I Timariot (o titolari dei tımar; tımarlı in Turco) è stato un altro nome dato alla cavalleria Timarli Sipahi al servizio del Sultano dell'Impero Ottomano e che in cambio ricevevano la concessione di un Feudo chiamato Timar.Il Timariot doveva unirsi all'esercito in tempo di guerra e doveva prendersi cura della terra a lui affidata in tempo di pace.Quando erano in guerra, i Timariot dovevano portare le proprie armi e inoltre un certo numero di armigeri a piedi (cebelu).Il cibo era fornito durante la campagna militare.
  • Тимариоты или Тимарлы (тур. timarlı) — иррегулярное кавалерийское ополчение, собираемое военными властями Османской империи из держателей земельных наделов — тимаров. Тимариоты были обязаны служить в действующей армии (во время походов), а также участвовать в карательных акциях против выступлений и преступности, за что в мирное время получали доход со своего тимара. Система тимаров унаследовала многие черты византийской пронии и появилась при султане Орхане I (1326—1359), награждавшем пожалованиями отличившихся воинов. По переписи 1525 года, тимариотами числились 37 818 человек.
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  • A timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was another name given to the Timarli Sipahi cavalry that served the Ottoman sultan and in return was granted a fief called a timar. The timariots had to assemble with the army when at war, and had to take care of the land entrusted to him in times of peace. When at war, the timariot had to bring his own equipment and in addition a number of armed retainers (cebelu). The timariot was granted feudatory with the obligation to go mounted to war and to supply soldiers and sailors in numbers proportionate to the revenue of the appanage. The timariot owed personal service for his sword in time of war and for a certain sum of money owed a number of soldiers as a substitute (cebelu). The (cebelu) was bound to live on the timariot’s estate and look after the land. When summoned for campaign the timariot and his (cebelu) had to present themselves with a cuirass. When a timariot failed to obey the summon he was deprived of his timar for one or two years. Also non-military timar holders were obliged to supply the imperial army with soldiers and provisions.The number of men and equipment the timariotes had to provide was dependent on the size of his land holdings. When the annual income of the holding was above 4.000 akçe the sipahi had to be accompanied by a soldier in a coat of mail, for income above 15.000 akçe by additional soldier for each additional 3.000 akçe. Above a certain income of the timar the sipahi horse had also to be equipped with armor of very thin steel. Tents for different purposes e.g., for treasury, kitchen, saddlery store, etc. had to be provided. This ensured that all equipment and troops for campaigns was determined in advance and Ottoman commanders knew the exact number of their forces for mobilization. Food was supplied during campaigns.In this way, the Ottomans could quickly muster a large army. When the war was over the warriors returned to their lands, and in that way the sultan did not have to support them when he didn't need them. In addition, the sultan's lands were taken care of. Local peasants were subjects to the timariot. Law and order was kept, taxes were collected and bandits were brought to justice. The system of timars was organized during the reign of Orhan I (1326–1359). The Sultan granted officers fiefs with local peasants subjected to their rule in an arrangement similar to European feudal fiefs. They were an important part of the Ottoman army, especially for being so easily supportable, and kept that status until the early 17th century. The titles and lands of the timar holders remained in use much longer than that. The Ottoman policy to grant timars to local aristocracy of newly gained territories enabled the faster integration of these lands to the empire and utilized their population in the military service.Granting timars to the military class also relieved the central administration from the burden of paying with coin or cash. When on campaign, the timariots were organized into regiments called alays that were commanded by alay beys (or beg). Larger units were the sanjak (or sancak) regiments or livas (standard, banner), commanded by sanjak beys. At the top were the province governors, the beylerbeys. A province in the 16th century could muster some thousand timariots, according to the size of the province. In 1525 the total number of timar holders were 37,818 men, according to the tax rolls. The number of armed retainers was estimated to 50,000 men. Of course, these great numbers were spread out all over the empire, and could not possibly serve in one campaign at a time.
  • Les timariots ou timariotes (timarlu en turc) sont une armée irrégulière de cavaliers légers qui servaient le sultan ottoman en temps de guerre, en échange d'un fief appelé timar.
  • Se llamaba timariot al poseedor de un feudo en Turquía. Tenía la obligación de servir personalmente a caballo en tiempo de guerra si el timar le producía poca renta, o acompañado de cierto número de soldados en función del producto obtenido de aquella. Existían tres tipos de timariotes: los yemalers, los iseles y los bernabetes.
  • I Timariot (o titolari dei tımar; tımarlı in Turco) è stato un altro nome dato alla cavalleria Timarli Sipahi al servizio del Sultano dell'Impero Ottomano e che in cambio ricevevano la concessione di un Feudo chiamato Timar.Il Timariot doveva unirsi all'esercito in tempo di guerra e doveva prendersi cura della terra a lui affidata in tempo di pace.Quando erano in guerra, i Timariot dovevano portare le proprie armi e inoltre un certo numero di armigeri a piedi (cebelu).Il cibo era fornito durante la campagna militare. In questo modo, gli Ottomani potevano rapidamente radunare un grande esercito.Quando la guerra era finita i guerrieri ritornavano alle loro terre, e in tal modo il Sultano non doveva provvedere al loro sostegno quando gli stessi non ne avevano bisogno.Inoltre le terre del Sultano venivano coltivate con cura.I contadini locali erano soggetti ai Timariot.La legge e l'ordine venivano mantenuti, le tasse venivano raccolte e chi violava la legge veniva assicurato alla giustizia.Tuttavia il Timariot non poteva imporre sanzioni fino a quando non aveva ricevuto un verdetto da un giudice locale di conformità alla legge imperiale.Un titolare di Timar non poteva possedere la terra; la proprietà terriera è mantenuta dallo stato ottomano.
  • Тимариоты или Тимарлы (тур. timarlı) — иррегулярное кавалерийское ополчение, собираемое военными властями Османской империи из держателей земельных наделов — тимаров. Тимариоты были обязаны служить в действующей армии (во время походов), а также участвовать в карательных акциях против выступлений и преступности, за что в мирное время получали доход со своего тимара. Система тимаров унаследовала многие черты византийской пронии и появилась при султане Орхане I (1326—1359), награждавшем пожалованиями отличившихся воинов. Тимариоты сохраняли своё военное значение до середины 17 века, но их титулы были отменены намного позже. Тимариоты объединялись в полки (тур. alay) и дивизии (санджаки, дословно — знамена). Общее руководство армией осуществлял бейлербей. По переписи 1525 года, тимариотами числились 37 818 человек.
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