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The suppression of the Jesuits in the Portuguese Empire (1759), France (1764), the Two Sicilies, Malta, Parma and the Spanish Empire (1767) is a highly controversial subject. It has been argued that it was a result of a series of localized political moves rather than a theological controversy. Monarchies attempting to centralize and secularize political power viewed the Jesuits as being too international, too strongly allied to the papacy, and too autonomous from the monarchs in whose territory they operated. By the brief Dominus ac Redemptor (21 July 1773) Pope Clement XIV suppressed the Society of Jesus. The Jesuits took refuge in non-Catholic nations, particularly in Prussia and Russia, where the order was either ignored or formally rejected. The Jesuits were allowed to return to many p

AttributesValues
rdf:type
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  • Suppression of the Society of Jesus
  • Aufhebung des Jesuitenordens
  • Supresión de la Compañía de Jesús
  • Soppressione della Compagnia di Gesù
  • Suppression de la Compagnie de Jésus
  • Supressão da Companhia de Jesus
  • Уничтожение ордена иезуитов
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  • Die Aufhebung des Jesuitenordens erfolgte 1773 durch Papst Clemens XIV. auf Druck der Könige von Frankreich, Spanien und Portugal. Bei den vorausgegangenen Angriffen auf den Jesuitenorden spielten verschiedene Verschwörungstheorien eine große Rolle. Der in der neuzeitlichen Kirchengeschichte einzigartige Vorgang im Zeitalter der Aufklärung raubte dem Papsttum eine wichtige Stütze. Am Kampf gegen die Jesuiten waren Aufklärer und Freimaurer maßgeblich beteiligt. Die Aufhebung wurde 1814 von Papst Pius VII. rückgängig gemacht.
  • La supresión de la Compañía de Jesús fue decretada en 1773 por el papa Clemente XIV a causa de la presión que ejercieron sobre él los principales monarcas católicos, singularmente el rey Carlos III de España que seis años antes había expulsado a los jesuitas de sus dominios, bajo la acusación de ser los instigadores del Motín de Esquilache de 1766. Carlos III contó con el apoyo de los otros soberanos de la Casa Borbón, Luis XV de Francia —que los había expulsado en 1762— y el rey de Nápoles, hijo de Carlos III, además del rey de Portugal, de donde habían sido expulsados en 1759.
  • La Soppressione dei Gesuiti nell'Impero portoghese, in Francia, nelle Due Sicilie, a Malta, a Parma e nell'Impero spagnolo dal 1767 fu il risultato di una serie di mosse politiche più che di una controversia teologica. Col breve Dominus ac Redemptor (21 luglio 1773) papa Clemente XIV decise di sopprimere la Compagnia di Gesù. I gesuiti si rifugiarono dunque nelle nazioni non cattoliche, in particolare in Prussia e Russia, dove l'ordine era in gran parte ignorato nel suo operato. I bollandisti si spostarono da Anversa a Bruxelles, dove continuarono il loro lavoro nel monastero di Coudenberg; nel 1788 vennero soppressi anche i bollandisti dal governo dei Paesi Bassi austriaci.
  • A Supressão dos Jesuítas em Portugal, na França, nas Duas Sicílias, em Parma e no Império Espanhol em 1767 foi resultado de uma série de movimentos políticos, em vez de uma controvérsia teológica. No breve papal Dominus ac Redemptor (21 de julho de 1773), o Papa Clemente XIV, incitado por Carlos III (Rei da Espanha) , suprimiu a Companhia de Jesus. No entanto, em países não-católicos, principalmente na Prússia e na Rússia, onde a autoridade papal não era reconhecida, a ordem foi ignorada. O grupo erudito jesuíta Companhia dos Bolandistas mudou de Bruxelas para Antuérpia, onde continuou seu trabalho no mosteiro de Coudenberg; em 1788, a Sociedade Bolandista foi suprimida pelo governo austríaco dos Países Baixos.
  • The suppression of the Jesuits in the Portuguese Empire (1759), France (1764), the Two Sicilies, Malta, Parma and the Spanish Empire (1767) is a highly controversial subject. It has been argued that it was a result of a series of localized political moves rather than a theological controversy. Monarchies attempting to centralize and secularize political power viewed the Jesuits as being too international, too strongly allied to the papacy, and too autonomous from the monarchs in whose territory they operated. By the brief Dominus ac Redemptor (21 July 1773) Pope Clement XIV suppressed the Society of Jesus. The Jesuits took refuge in non-Catholic nations, particularly in Prussia and Russia, where the order was either ignored or formally rejected. The Jesuits were allowed to return to many p
  • La suppression de la Compagnie de Jésus, ordre religieux fondé par Ignace de Loyola, est prononcée par le pape Clément XIV en 1773. Après avoir été expulsée du Portugal et de ses colonies en 1759, de France en 1763, d’Espagne et de ses colonies en 1767, la Compagnie de Jésus est supprimée universellement par le bref apostolique Dominus ac Redemptor du pape Clément XIV (21 juillet 1773). Elle survivra dans les pays dont les souverains – non catholiques – interdisent la publication du bref.
  • Уничтожение ордена иезуитов — изгнание иезуитов из католических стран Европы и их колоний, расформирование общества Иисуса (ордена иезуитов) и гонения на бывших членов ордена во второй половине XVIII века. Упразднение ордена было вызвано политическими и экономическими, а не внутрицерковными, богословскими либо другими, причинами. Изгнание иезуитов рассматривается в качестве одного из первых проявлений нового светского духа времени эпохи Просвещения, получившего наибольшее выражение в антиклерикализме Великой французской революции.
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