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Sarah Elisabeth Goode (1855 – April 8, 1905) was an entrepreneur and inventor. She was one of the first African-American women to receive a United States patent, which she received in 1885. She was born Sarah Elisabeth Jacobs in 1855 in Toledo, Ohio, although she would sometimes say that she was born in Spain. Sarah Goode was the second of seven children of Oliver and Harriet Jacobs, both described in public records as mulattos. Oliver Jacobs, a native of Indiana was a carpenter. When the American Civil War ended the family moved to Chicago, Illinois where she met and married Archibald "Archie" Goode, who was originally from Wise County, Virginia; they would have six children, of whom three would live to adulthood. He described himself in the records as a "stair builder" and as an upholste

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  • سارة إليزابيث غود
  • Sarah E. Goode
  • Sarah E. Goode
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  • سارة إليزابيث غود (1855 – 8 أبريل 1905) هي سيدة أعمال ومخترعة أمريكية، تعتبر أول أمريكية من أصل أفريقي تحصل على براءة اختراع أمريكية سنة 1885. وُلدت سارة سنة 1855 في توليدو (أوهايو)، مع أنها تعتبر نفسها من أبناء إسبانيا كما جاء على لسانها في مناسبات عديدة. هي الإبنة الثانية من أصل سبعة أبناء، كانت معروفة بأنها مولاتو البشرة. ولادها أوليفر جاكوبس، اشتغل كنجار في ولاية إنديانا التي تعتبر مكانه الأصلي. مع نهاية الحرب الأهلية الأمريكية، انتقلت عائلة جاكوبس إلى ولاية شيكاغو. حيث قابلت وتزوجت هناك من أرشيبالد غود المنحدر من مقاطعة وايز، ورُزقت منه بسبعة بستة أطفال.كانت تصف نفسها بأنها مصممة الدرج والتنجيد كما فتحت محل لبيع الأثاث.
  • Sarah Elisabeth Goode (1855 – April 8, 1905) was an entrepreneur and inventor. She was one of the first African-American women to receive a United States patent, which she received in 1885. She was born Sarah Elisabeth Jacobs in 1855 in Toledo, Ohio, although she would sometimes say that she was born in Spain. Sarah Goode was the second of seven children of Oliver and Harriet Jacobs, both described in public records as mulattos. Oliver Jacobs, a native of Indiana was a carpenter. When the American Civil War ended the family moved to Chicago, Illinois where she met and married Archibald "Archie" Goode, who was originally from Wise County, Virginia; they would have six children, of whom three would live to adulthood. He described himself in the records as a "stair builder" and as an upholste
  • Sarah E. Goode foi a primeira mulher afro-americana a ganhar uma patente nos Estados Unidos da América. No entanto, essa afirmação é contestada por alguns que acreditam ser Marjorie Joyner a primeira afro-americana a receber essa patente. Pertence a Goode o primeiro modelo de cama dobrável. Também servia como escrivaninha e prateleira de papelarias. Sua invenção foi tão difundida e tão amplamente utilizada que Goode foi premiada com a patente de 14 de julho de 1885.
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  • 1855-0-0
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  • Sarah E. Goode
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  • American inventor
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  • Sarah
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  • female
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  • سارة إليزابيث غود (1855 – 8 أبريل 1905) هي سيدة أعمال ومخترعة أمريكية، تعتبر أول أمريكية من أصل أفريقي تحصل على براءة اختراع أمريكية سنة 1885. وُلدت سارة سنة 1855 في توليدو (أوهايو)، مع أنها تعتبر نفسها من أبناء إسبانيا كما جاء على لسانها في مناسبات عديدة. هي الإبنة الثانية من أصل سبعة أبناء، كانت معروفة بأنها مولاتو البشرة. ولادها أوليفر جاكوبس، اشتغل كنجار في ولاية إنديانا التي تعتبر مكانه الأصلي. مع نهاية الحرب الأهلية الأمريكية، انتقلت عائلة جاكوبس إلى ولاية شيكاغو. حيث قابلت وتزوجت هناك من أرشيبالد غود المنحدر من مقاطعة وايز، ورُزقت منه بسبعة بستة أطفال.كانت تصف نفسها بأنها مصممة الدرج والتنجيد كما فتحت محل لبيع الأثاث. جائت فكرة اختراعها من خلال المنازل الصغيرة والاستوديواهات التي كان يعيش فيها الكثير من الأمريكيين، حيث لاحظت أن هذه الإقامات تحتوي على مساحة ضئيلة للاحتفاظ بالأشياء الكبيرة المستغنى عنها. لهذا فكرت في إنشاء غرفة إضافية مخصصة لهذه المهمة دون التأثير بمساحة المنزل الصغيرة. فكانت فكرة القبو التي استلهمتها من تصميم المكاتب. حصلت على براءة اختراعه في 14 يوليو 1885. توفيت سارة في شيكاغو سنة 1905، ودُفنت في مقبرة غريسلاند. * الصفحة الثانية للقبو من تصميم سارة غود
  • Sarah E. Goode foi a primeira mulher afro-americana a ganhar uma patente nos Estados Unidos da América. No entanto, essa afirmação é contestada por alguns que acreditam ser Marjorie Joyner a primeira afro-americana a receber essa patente. Nascida escrava, Goode ganhou sua liberdade após a Guerra Civil Americana e se mudou para Chicago, Ilinois. Logo abriu uma loja de móveis, onde foi moderadamente bem-sucedida. Devido aos poucos espaços da vida urbana no local, muitos de seus clientes se queixavam de não ter espaço para colocar as suas camas em seus apartamentos. Goode se inspirou para construir o que chamamos hoje de cama dobrável, ou sofá-cama. Pertence a Goode o primeiro modelo de cama dobrável. Também servia como escrivaninha e prateleira de papelarias. Sua invenção foi tão difundida e tão amplamente utilizada que Goode foi premiada com a patente de 14 de julho de 1885. Um estilo similar de cama fora patenteado trinta anos depois, em 1916, com o nome de Cama de Murphy. A cama ficava guardada em uma parede ou uma das portas do armário, que hoje é conhecida como "cama dobrável". O nome Goode aparece no censo americano de 1880 do Condado de Ilinois e sua idade é listada como 24 anos. Enquanto Goode é listada como mulata ou parda, sua filha está listada como branca, contrariando o sistema de raças americano, baseado na ancestralidade, e não no fenótipo da pele, como erroneamente se faz no Brasil.
  • Sarah Elisabeth Goode (1855 – April 8, 1905) was an entrepreneur and inventor. She was one of the first African-American women to receive a United States patent, which she received in 1885. She was born Sarah Elisabeth Jacobs in 1855 in Toledo, Ohio, although she would sometimes say that she was born in Spain. Sarah Goode was the second of seven children of Oliver and Harriet Jacobs, both described in public records as mulattos. Oliver Jacobs, a native of Indiana was a carpenter. When the American Civil War ended the family moved to Chicago, Illinois where she met and married Archibald "Archie" Goode, who was originally from Wise County, Virginia; they would have six children, of whom three would live to adulthood. He described himself in the records as a "stair builder" and as an upholsterer; she opened a furniture store. The idea for her invention came out of necessity of the times. Most people she knew lived in small homes or studios and these residents had a minimum amount of habitable space. Many of her customers complained of not having enough room to store things much less to add furniture. Goode invented a folding cabinet bed which helped people who lived in tight housing to utilize their space efficiently. When the bed was folded up, it looked like a desk, with room for storage. She received a patent for it on July 14, 1885. * Second page of patent for Sarah E. Goode's cabinet bed Sarah Goode died in Chicago in 1905 and is buried in Graceland Cemetery.
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  • Sarah Elisabeth Jacobs
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  • Patent issued to Sarah E. Goode for the cabinet bed
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  • First African-American woman to receive a United States patent.
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