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Robert Ranulph Marett (13 June 1866 – 18 February 1943) was a British ethnologist. He was an exponent of what is sometimes called the Evolutionary School or more precisely the British Evolutionary School of Cultural anthropology. Founded by Marett's older colleague, Edward Burnett Tylor, it asserted that modern primitive societies evidence remnants of phases in the evolution of culture, which it attempted to recapture by comparative and historical methods. Marett focused primarily on the anthropology of religion. Asserting with Tylor the evolutionary origin of religions he modified Tylor's animistic theory to include the concept of mana. His anthropological teaching and writing career at Oxford University spanned the earlier 20th century prior to the Second World War. He trained many notab

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  • Robert Ranulph Marett
  • Robert Ranulph Marett
  • Robert Ranulph Marett
  • Robert Ranulph Marett
  • Robert Ranulph Marett
  • Маретт, Роберт Рейналф
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  • Robert Ranulph Marett (* 13. Juni 1866 auf Jersey; † 18. Februar 1943 in Oxford) war ein britischer Philosoph, Ethnologe, Volkskundler und Religionswissenschaftler.
  • Robert Ranulph Marett, né le 13 juin 1866 au lieu-dit du Blianc Pîngnon, à La Haule, dans la paroisse de Saint-Brélade à Jersey et mort le 18 février 1943 à Oxford, est un ethnologue, anthropologue, historien, sociologue, philosophe et spécialiste en sciences des religions.
  • Роберт Рэйналф Маретт (Robert Ranulph Marett, 13 июня 1866 года, Джерси — 18 февраля 1943 года, Оксфорд) — английский социальный антрополог и религиовед.
  • Robert Ranulph Marett (13 June 1866 – 18 February 1943) was a British ethnologist. He was an exponent of what is sometimes called the Evolutionary School or more precisely the British Evolutionary School of Cultural anthropology. Founded by Marett's older colleague, Edward Burnett Tylor, it asserted that modern primitive societies evidence remnants of phases in the evolution of culture, which it attempted to recapture by comparative and historical methods. Marett focused primarily on the anthropology of religion. Asserting with Tylor the evolutionary origin of religions he modified Tylor's animistic theory to include the concept of mana. His anthropological teaching and writing career at Oxford University spanned the earlier 20th century prior to the Second World War. He trained many notab
  • Robert Ranulph Marett conocido comúnmente como R. R. Marett (1866-1943) fue un etnólogo británico. Exponente de la escuela evolucionista británica, se volcó al estudio de las religiones, modificando la secuencia evolutiva de la religión establecida por E. B. Tylor, que ubicaba al animismo en primer lugar. Marett articuló la concepción de maná, una fuerza impersonal de originaria de Melanesia (un tipo de animismo pre-mágico). La noción de mana fue presentada en su obra The Threshold of Religion (1909). Sucedió a Tylor en el cargo académico de Lector (Reader) en Antropología en la Universidad de Oxford en 1910 y en 1914 estableció el Departamento de Antropología Social.
  • Esponente della scuola evolutiva Britannica, si è occupato di etnologia religiosa. Fu allievo e successore di Tylor a Oxford, aveva modificato la scala evolutiva della religione concepita dal suo maestro. Nel 1900, esponeva la sua teoria, che identificava nel mana melanesiano il prototipo di tutte le entità trascendentali in cui l'uomo ha posto le sue credenze. Ha lavorato presso un sito paleolitico (La cotte de St Brelade) dal 1910 al 1914, riuscendo a rintracciare resti di un luogo abitato dall'uomo di Neanderthal.
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  • 1943-2-18
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  • 1866-6-13
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