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In sociology, rationalisation or rationalization refers to the replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behavior in society with rational, calculated ones. For example, the implementation of bureaucracies in government is a kind of rationalization, as is the construction of high-efficiency living spaces in architecture and urban planning.

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  • عقلانية (علم اجتماع)
  • Rationalization (sociology)
  • Razionalizzazione (sociologia)
  • Rationalisering (sociologie)
  • Racionalização
  • 理性化 (社会学)
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  • Il termine razionalizzazione fu usato da Max Weber per definire un processo storico che investe e modifica tutti gli ordinamenti sociali. A guidarlo era il suo interesse nella natura del potere e dell'autorità. La sua indagine lo induce a indicare con questo termine la progressiva burocratizzazione nel coordinamento delle attività sociali. La razionalizzazione così intesa è un marchio distintivo dell'era moderna.
  • Rationalisatie of rationalisering in de sociologie is de overgang van een traditionele naar een rationele samenleving. Daarbij wordt de werkelijkheid in toenemende mate gesystematiseerd en geordend om de beheersbaarheid en voorspelbaarheid te vergroten. Het handelen gebeurt steeds meer op basis van de rede in plaats van traditie en dogma's. Kenmerken zijn het kapitalisme, efficiënt staatsbestuur, bureaucratie, rechtspraak, secularisering en de moderne wetenschap en technologie.
  • 在社會學中,傳統、價值觀和情感逐漸被理性和計算取代,成為社會中人們的行為動機,就是理性化(rationalization)。政府官僚制度的設立、高效率生活空間的建造和城市規劃,都是就是理性化的例子。 韋伯依據社會行動與理想類型的模型建構出理性化意義的由來,認為工業化的社會若遵從理性化的模式,就可以達到最大效率的可能。 韋伯進一步藉由理性化的涵義,創造科層制一詞的由來;即是官僚體制。 理性化雖然可以達到最大的工作效率與朝向理性的發展,但韋伯認為理性化最終會使人帶入冰冷冷的「鐵籠」。
  • In sociology, rationalisation or rationalization refers to the replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behavior in society with rational, calculated ones. For example, the implementation of bureaucracies in government is a kind of rationalization, as is the construction of high-efficiency living spaces in architecture and urban planning.
  • العقلانية هو مصطلح يستخدم في علم الاجتماع يشير إلى أن العمليات المؤدية إلى زيادة الأفعال الاجتماعية تصبح مرتكزة أكثر على الفعالية الغائية أو الحسابات أكثر من تحركها بسبب الدوافع الأخلاقية والعواطف والتقاليد. وتعتبر جانب رئيسي من الحداثة والتي تتجلى خصوصاً في المجتمع الغربي. كسلوك ناتج عن السوق الرأسمالي في الإدارة الرشيدة في الدولة والبيروقراطية والتوسع في العلوم والتكنولوجيا الحديثة.
  • Na sociologia, racionalização se refere a um processo no qual um número crescente de ações sociais se baseia em considerações de eficiência teleológica ou de cálculo, em vez de motivações derivadas da moral, da emoção, do costume ou da tradição. Muitos sociólogos consideram a racionalização como um aspecto central da modernidade, que se manifesta especialmente na sociedade ocidental, em aspectos como o comportamento no mercado capitalista, a administração racional do Estado e a expansão da ciência e tecnologia modernas.
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