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Purdah or pardah (from Persian: پرده, meaning "curtain") is a religious and social practice of female seclusion prevalent among some Muslim communities in South Asia. The variation of purdah worn by Hindu women is known as Ghoonghat. It takes two forms: physical segregation of the sexes and the requirement that women cover their bodies so as to cover their skin and conceal their form. A woman who practices purdah can be referred to as pardanashin or purdahnishan.

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  • Purdah
  • Parda
  • Purdah
  • Purdah
  • Purdah
  • パルダ
  • Purdah
  • Purdah
  • Purdah
  • Пурда
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  • Purdah ou Pardaa (urdu : پردہ, hindi : पर्दा signifiant littéralement « rideau ») désigne une pratique empêchant les hommes de voir les femmes. Le purdah prend deux formes : ségrégation physique entre les sexes et obligation aux femmes de couvrir leur corps et de cacher leurs formes. Le purdah existe sous plusieurs formes dans les communautés hindoues et musulmanes principalement du sous-continent indien et des pays arabes. Le vêtement caractéristique du purdah est la burqa. La burqa, malgré des similitudes importantes, ne doit pas être confondue avec le tchadri vêtement traditionnel des femmes afghanes depuis plus d'un millénaire et le niqab vêtement traditionnel des femmes dans certains pays du Golfe.
  • パルダ(Purdah)とは、南アジアを中心とした地域で行われている、女性を社会から隔離する風習や制度である。
  • Purdah or pardah (from Persian: پرده, meaning "curtain") is a religious and social practice of female seclusion prevalent among some Muslim communities in South Asia. The variation of purdah worn by Hindu women is known as Ghoonghat. It takes two forms: physical segregation of the sexes and the requirement that women cover their bodies so as to cover their skin and conceal their form. A woman who practices purdah can be referred to as pardanashin or purdahnishan.
  • Parda (wörtlich Vorhang; persisch پرده; Hindustani: पर्दा, pardā; englisch Purdah) ist die in Pakistan, Indien und Bangladesch verbreitete Form der islamischen Verschleierung der Frau. Mittel dazu ist eine den gesamten Körper, oft einschließlich des Gesichts, bedeckende Kleidung, traditionell ein Burka-artiges Gewand. Verbreitet sind aber auch der Tschador und der Niqab (Gesichtsschleier). Während der Taliban-Herrschaft galten in Afghanistan strenge Parda-Vorschriften. Die Praxis wird in den meisten Regionen Arabiens und des indischen Subkontinents islamisch begründet.
  • Purdah o Pardaa (Persa: پرده, Urdu: پردہ, Hindi: पर्दा, "cortina") es la práctica de ocultar a las mujeres de los hombres que no sean sus parientes directos. De acuerdo con una definición: Purdah es una cortina de separación tajante entre el mundo del hombre y el de la mujer, entre la comunidad en su conjunto y de la familia que es su corazón, entre la calle y el hogar, lo público y lo privado, así como bruscamente separa la sociedad y el individuo. Existen varias formas de Purdah en el mundo islámico y entre las mujeres hindúes en algunas partes de la India.
  • La purdah o pardaa (persiano/urdu: پردہ, hindi: पर्दा, letteralmente velo o tenda) è la pratica che vieta agli uomini di vedere le donne. Essa si attua in due modi: segregazione fisica dei sessi o imposizione alle donne di coprire i loro corpi al punto di nascondere la pelle e le loro forme. La purdah esiste in varie forme nel mondo islamico e in India. La purdah si è probabilmente sviluppata nella Persia pre-islamica (l'attuale Iran).
  • Purdah – ( język perski پرده, Urdu: پردہ, Hindi: पर्दा , dosł. zasłona, ekran ) - praktyka polegająca na uniemożliwieniu publicznej obserwacji kobiety poprzez odpowiedni strój zakrywający ją od stóp do czubka głowy, a także przez wzniesione wysokie ściany wokół domu i zasłony. Ten zwyczaj występuje głównie u muzułmanów. Tradycja ta prawdopodobnie powstała w starożytnej Persji, a następnie rozpowszechniła się na Bliskim Wschodzie. Po podbojach Arabów została ona przez nich przejęta i dostosowana do religii islamskiej, jako jej element.
  • Purdah, pardah of parda (Perzisch: ‏پرده, pardah; Hindustani: पर्दा, pardā) is in de cultuur van Zuid-Azië een gedragscode die de persoonlijke, sociale en economische interactie tussen mannen en vrouwen in het openbare leven regelt. Purdah uit zich vooral in de verplichting voor vrouwen hun uiterlijk in het openbaar met sluiers te verhullen; en in een strikte scheiding van de seksen in het openbare leven. Purdah geldt onder de meeste moslimgemeenschappen in India, Pakistan en Afghanistan, maar traditioneel houden ook vrouwen uit hogere hindoeïstische kasten zich eraan. Onder invloed van conservatieve geestelijken staan vrouwen in moslimgemeenschappen onder grote sociale druk zich aan purdah te houden.
  • Purdah ou Pardaa (Persa: پرده, Urdu: پردہ, Hindi: पर्दा, “cortina”) é a prática de impedir as mulheres de serem vistas pelos homens que não sejam seus parentes diretos. De acordo com uma definição: Purdah é uma cortina que torna nítida separação entre o mundo do homem e o da mulher, entre a comunidade como um todo e da família que é o seu coração, entre a rua e a casa, o público e o privado, assim como agudamente separa o que é da sociedade e o que é do indivíduo. Purdah existe sob várias formas no mundo islâmico e entre as mulheres hindus de algumas partes da Índia.
  • Пурда или Парда (перс. پرده «штора» или «занавес») — морально-этический кодекс, широко распространённый среди женского населения Афганистана, Пакистана, мусульманского населения Северной Индии, а также среди некоторых высших каст среди индусов, в частности раджпутов. Суть пурды заключается в полной практики затворничества женщины, дабы та могла сохранять свою духовную чистоту и целомудрие. Пурда основана на исламских законах о положении женщины в обществе и семье, а также традициях, существовавших испокон веков среди народов средней Азии. Согласно пурде, женщина обязана оставаться всю свою жизнь в стенах своего дома, заниматься домашним хозяйством, рожать детей, быть покорной отцу, мужу или братьям, а в присутствии мужчин — не родственников обязательно покрывать все части тела, в том числе
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  • Purdah or pardah (from Persian: پرده, meaning "curtain") is a religious and social practice of female seclusion prevalent among some Muslim communities in South Asia. The variation of purdah worn by Hindu women is known as Ghoonghat. It takes two forms: physical segregation of the sexes and the requirement that women cover their bodies so as to cover their skin and conceal their form. A woman who practices purdah can be referred to as pardanashin or purdahnishan. Physical segregation within buildings is achieved with judicious use of walls, curtains, and screens. A woman's withdrawal into purdah usually restricts her personal, social and economic activities outside her home. The usual purdah garment worn is a burqa, which may or may not include a yashmak, a veil to conceal the face. The eyes may or may not be exposed. Purdah was rigorously observed under the Taliban in Afghanistan, where women had to observe complete purdah at all times when they were in public. Only close male family members and other women were allowed to see them out of purdah. In other societies, purdah is often only practised during certain times of religious significance. Married Hindu women in parts of Northern India observe ghoonghat in the presence of older male relations on their husbands' side. This custom is not followed by Hindu women elsewhere in India.
  • Parda (wörtlich Vorhang; persisch پرده; Hindustani: पर्दा, pardā; englisch Purdah) ist die in Pakistan, Indien und Bangladesch verbreitete Form der islamischen Verschleierung der Frau. Mittel dazu ist eine den gesamten Körper, oft einschließlich des Gesichts, bedeckende Kleidung, traditionell ein Burka-artiges Gewand. Verbreitet sind aber auch der Tschador und der Niqab (Gesichtsschleier). Die körperliche Abschottung innerhalb eines Gebäudes geschieht durch eigene Bereiche für Frauen (in größeren Gebäuden, Harem = verbotener Bezirk), Vorhänge und Ähnliches. Das Leben einer Frau in Parda beschränkt ihre persönlichen, sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Interaktionen mit der Außenwelt (Seklusion). Während der Taliban-Herrschaft galten in Afghanistan strenge Parda-Vorschriften. Die Praxis wird in den meisten Regionen Arabiens und des indischen Subkontinents islamisch begründet.
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