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A puffball is a member of any of several groups of fungi in the division Basidiomycota. The puffballs were previously treated as a taxonomic group called the Gasteromycetes or Gasteromycetidae, but they are now known to be a polyphyletic assemblage. The distinguishing feature of all puffballs is that they do not have an open cap with spore-bearing gills. Instead, spores are produced internally, in a spheroidal fruitbody called a gasterothecium (gasteroid ('stomach-like') basidiocarp). As the spores mature, they form a mass called a gleba in the centre of the fruitbody that is often of a distinctive color and texture. The basidiocarp remains closed until after the spores have been released from the basidia. Eventually, it develops an aperture, or dries, becomes brittle, and splits, and the

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Puffball
  • فطر نفاث
  • Bovist
  • Vesse-de-loup
  • 马勃
rdfs:comment
  • الفُطر النَّفّاث أو فَقْع الذِّئْب (جمع فَقْع أو فِقْع هو فِقَعَة) هو أي من المجاميع الفطرية في شعبة الدعاميات.
  • 马勃是一类担子菌门的真菌通称,一般为球形,未成熟前是白色,成熟后为褐色,内部为粉末状。可入中药,用于止血。 以前的分类法将马勃统一列为一个腹菌纲(Gasteromycetes)或腹菌亚纲(Gasteromycetidae),但最新的分类认为它们实际是一个多系群的组合,他们共同的地方是都具有一个密闭子实层的子实体,在内部产生孢子,其孢子不是像其他蘑菇一样的掷孢子,而是稳孢子,也就是说当子实体成熟时不会将孢子抛出,而是子实体爆裂开,孢子如烟雾一样散出。马勃类可能是从伞菌类逐渐进化来的,现在已经不再把它们看作是属于同一个纲的品种。 马勃包括有马勃属(Calvatia)、网纹马勃属(Lycoperdon)和Calbovista属,马勃目的真菌一般没有菌柄,只有硬皮馬勃属有一个紫色类似菌柄的产孢体。 目前被發現最大的馬勃真菌足足有1.5公尺長,達22公斤,相當於6歲孩童的重量。
  • A puffball is a member of any of several groups of fungi in the division Basidiomycota. The puffballs were previously treated as a taxonomic group called the Gasteromycetes or Gasteromycetidae, but they are now known to be a polyphyletic assemblage. The distinguishing feature of all puffballs is that they do not have an open cap with spore-bearing gills. Instead, spores are produced internally, in a spheroidal fruitbody called a gasterothecium (gasteroid ('stomach-like') basidiocarp). As the spores mature, they form a mass called a gleba in the centre of the fruitbody that is often of a distinctive color and texture. The basidiocarp remains closed until after the spores have been released from the basidia. Eventually, it develops an aperture, or dries, becomes brittle, and splits, and the
  • Als Boviste werden verschiedene Pilze mit mehr oder weniger kugelförmigem Fruchtkörper bezeichnet, bei denen die Bildung der Sporen in einer Gleba im Innern des Fruchtkörpers (angiocarb) stattfindet. Dies stellt eine Anpassung an trockene Lebensräume dar und kommt in verschiedenen Pilzgruppen vor. Es handelt sich demnach um eine Form der konvergenten Evolution. Entsprechend ist die deutsche Bezeichnung Bovist unsystematisch und wird für verschiedene, zum Teil nicht näher miteinander verwandte Pilze benutzt. Als Bovist werden Pilze folgender Gruppen bezeichnet:
  • Les vesses-de-loup sont des champignons très répandus dans les prés et les bois, facilement reconnaissables à leur absence de pied (ou du moins d'un pied et d'un chapeau séparés), à leur couleur blanche ou grisâtre, et au fait que lorsqu'ils sont vieux ils se transforment en sacs remplis d'une poussière brune, véritables petits volcans quand on appuie dessus.
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