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Poppy straw (also mowed opium straw, crushed poppy capsule, poppy chaff, poppy husk) is derived from opium poppies (Papaver somniferum) that is harvested when fully mature and dried by mechanical means, minus the ripe poppy seeds. Opium poppy straw today can be one of several different things. It is what remains after the poppy seed harvest, that is, the dried stalks, stem and leaves of poppies grown for their seeds. The dried leaves and stalk harvested after the seed pod have been used for traditional opium extraction. The field dried leaves, stalk and seed pod are used in commercial manufacture of morphine or other poppy alkaloid derived drugs, by first processing the material to make poppy straw separating the seeds then making concentrate of poppy straw, where no extraction using tradi

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  • Маковая солома
  • 罌粟稈
  • Poppy straw
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  • Маковая солома (кокнар, кукнар) — это все части скошенного опийного мака (Papaver), целые или измельченные, высушенные или не высушенные, за исключением семян. Содержит наркотически активные алкалоиды опия, которые извлекаются путём экстракции при помощи воды или органических растворителей. Полученный продукт называется «экстракт маковой соломы» или «экстракционный опий», используется непосредственно, либо как материал для получения ацетилированного опия или героина. Маковая солома используется в фармацевтике как сырье для получения алкалоидов опия: морфина, кодеина, папаверина и других.
  • 罌粟稈(英语:Poppy straw,又譯罌粟草),又稱鴉片草(opium straw),,其蒴果部份,稱為罌粟殼(poppy capsule,poppy pod)、罌粟莢、御米殼、罌粟糠(poppy chaff)、罌粟頭(poppy head),為罌粟整株收穫之後,去除罌粟籽,將其餘部份曬乾後的產物。罌粟殼是一種中藥,可以用於止瀉利、滑精之用,也可以作為草藥,拿來製作罌粟茶。中國雲南地方以罌粟殼來作為火鍋底料。 在1930年代之前,罌粟的秸稈部份在多數時候被視為是無用的,農民主要以收獲罌粟籽為主。在1930年後,發展出以化學方式從罌粟稈中提煉出嗎啡。罌粟稈中的蒴果部份,很快成為重要的嗎啡原料。1961年的麻醉品单一公约中,將罌粟稈納入管制項目。
  • Poppy straw (also mowed opium straw, crushed poppy capsule, poppy chaff, poppy husk) is derived from opium poppies (Papaver somniferum) that is harvested when fully mature and dried by mechanical means, minus the ripe poppy seeds. Opium poppy straw today can be one of several different things. It is what remains after the poppy seed harvest, that is, the dried stalks, stem and leaves of poppies grown for their seeds. The dried leaves and stalk harvested after the seed pod have been used for traditional opium extraction. The field dried leaves, stalk and seed pod are used in commercial manufacture of morphine or other poppy alkaloid derived drugs, by first processing the material to make poppy straw separating the seeds then making concentrate of poppy straw, where no extraction using tradi
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