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Polynesian navigation was used for thousands of years to make long voyages across thousands of miles of open ocean. Navigators travelled to small inhabited islands using only their own senses and knowledge passed by oral tradition from master to apprentice, often in the form of song. In order to locate directions at various times of day and year, Polynesian navigators memorize important facts: the motion of specific stars, so where they would rise and set on the horizon of the ocean; weather and the seasons of travel; wildlife species (which gather at particular positions); the direction, size, and speed of ocean waves; colors of the sea and sky, especially how clouds would cluster at the locations of some islands; and angles for approaching harbours.

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  • Polynesian navigation
  • Navegación polinesia
  • ウェイファインディング
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  • ウェイファインディング(Wayfinding) は一般にポリネシア航法とも呼ばれ、広義にはオセアニア諸地域で用いられているGPS、六分儀、羅針盤、海図、クロノメーターなどの機器を用いない航海術のことである。狭義には、1980年にハワイ在住のナイノア・トンプソンが考案・命名した航法技術のことである。スターナヴィゲーションとも呼ばれることもある。 ポリネシア、ミクロネシアの先住民たちは極めて広大な海域に点在する島々で生活していたため、航海カヌーによる遠洋航海を行う必要があったが、その際には陸地が一切見えなくなることも多かった。そこで彼らは天体観測、海流や波浪の観測、生物相の観察、風向の観測などから自らの現在位置と方向を推測する航法技術を発達させた。これが広義の「スター・ナヴィゲーション」である。
  • Navegación polinesia es un sistema de navegación usado por los polinesios para hacer largos viajes a través de miles de kilómetros de mar abierto. Navegaban desde pequeñas islas habitadas usando sólo sus propios sentidos y su conocimiento pasa por tradición oral de navegante a aprendiz, a menudo en forma de canción. Con el fin de localizar direcciones en varios momentos del día y el año, los navegantes en el este de la Polinesia memorizaban hechos importantes: movimiento de estrellas específicas, y donde ellas salen y se ponen en el horizonte de los océanos; clima; tiempos de viaje; especies de fauna silvestre (que se congregan en las posiciones particulares), las direcciones de las olas en el océano, y cómo la tripulación sentiría su movimiento, los colores del mar y del cielo, especialme
  • Polynesian navigation was used for thousands of years to make long voyages across thousands of miles of open ocean. Navigators travelled to small inhabited islands using only their own senses and knowledge passed by oral tradition from master to apprentice, often in the form of song. In order to locate directions at various times of day and year, Polynesian navigators memorize important facts: the motion of specific stars, so where they would rise and set on the horizon of the ocean; weather and the seasons of travel; wildlife species (which gather at particular positions); the direction, size, and speed of ocean waves; colors of the sea and sky, especially how clouds would cluster at the locations of some islands; and angles for approaching harbours.
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