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Pir or Peer (Persian: پیر‎‎, literally "old [person]") is a title for a Sufi master or spiritual guide equally used in the nath tradition. They are also referred to as a Hazrat or Shaikh, which is Arabic for Old Man. The title is often translated into English as "saint" and could be interpreted as "Elder". In Sufism a Pir's role is to guide and instruct his disciples on the Sufi path. This is often done by general lessons (called Suhbas) and individual guidance. Other words that refer to a Pir include, Murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎‎, meaning "guide" or "teacher"), Sheikh and Sarkar (Persian word meaning Master, Lord).

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  • بير
  • Pir (Sufismus)
  • Pir (Sufism)
  • Pir (sufismo)
  • Пир (ислам)
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  • پیر كلمة أعجمية، بمعنى الرجل الطاعن في السن، أو الشيخ. اصطلح أيضا في إطلاقها على كبار السن من أسرى الحرب، كما أطلق على شيخ طريقة.
  • Il sostantivo Pir (lett. "vecchio") è usato in ambito sufi per indicare la Guida o Maestro. Il sostantivo, di origine persiana, equivale perfettamente all'arabo Shaykh. In entrambi i casi sottolinea l'esperienza vissuta del Maestro, cui si rivolge il murīd (in arabo: ﻣﺮﻳﺪ‎, discepolo ) o tālib (in arabo: ﻃﺎﻟﺐ‎, apprendista ) nel suo lungo cammino ascetico, che esige un'adeguata conduzione. In ambito turco, seguendo la medesima logica, si usa invece spesso il sostantivo dede, che significa "nonno", che tuttavia è impiegato di preferenza per indicare il capo religioso e spirituale dell'Alevismo.
  • Пир (перс. (پیر‎ — старец) — в суфизме руководитель тариката (братства), святой, а также могила, где похоронен пир.
  • Pir or Peer (Persian: پیر‎‎, literally "old [person]") is a title for a Sufi master or spiritual guide equally used in the nath tradition. They are also referred to as a Hazrat or Shaikh, which is Arabic for Old Man. The title is often translated into English as "saint" and could be interpreted as "Elder". In Sufism a Pir's role is to guide and instruct his disciples on the Sufi path. This is often done by general lessons (called Suhbas) and individual guidance. Other words that refer to a Pir include, Murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎‎, meaning "guide" or "teacher"), Sheikh and Sarkar (Persian word meaning Master, Lord).
  • Pīr (persisch پير, ‚alter, weiser Mann‘) ist im türkisch-, kurdisch- und persischsprachigen Raum der ehrenvolle Titel eines spirituellen Meisters im Sufismus. Das Verbreitungsgebiet des Titels reicht vom Balkan, Anatolien, dem Iranischen Hochland, dem südlichen Zentralasien einschließlich des Pamir-Gebirges bis nach Südindien. Als Pīr angesprochene Sufi-Missionare erreichten auch Südafrika.
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  • پیر كلمة أعجمية، بمعنى الرجل الطاعن في السن، أو الشيخ. اصطلح أيضا في إطلاقها على كبار السن من أسرى الحرب، كما أطلق على شيخ طريقة.
  • Pīr (persisch پير, ‚alter, weiser Mann‘) ist im türkisch-, kurdisch- und persischsprachigen Raum der ehrenvolle Titel eines spirituellen Meisters im Sufismus. Das Verbreitungsgebiet des Titels reicht vom Balkan, Anatolien, dem Iranischen Hochland, dem südlichen Zentralasien einschließlich des Pamir-Gebirges bis nach Südindien. Als Pīr angesprochene Sufi-Missionare erreichten auch Südafrika. Ein Pīr kann der Gründer eines Sufi-Ordens (Tariqa) sein, der häufig postum als Schutzheiliger angesehen wird. Der persische Titel entspricht im Arabischen dem Scheich und unter anderem im Türkischen dem Baba. Regional werden Pīr und Murschid (Lehrer der Murīden) gleichgesetzt oder voneinander unterschieden. In Pakistan kann zwischen dem Murschid als dem spirituellen Lehrer und dem Pīr als einem verehrten Heiligen unterschieden werden. Ein anderes Wort für den heiligen Pīr ist Wali. In der islamischen Volksreligion in Bangladesch wird der heilige Satya Pir verehrt. Ein anderer Heiliger in Bangladesch, der von Muslimen und Hindus gleichermaßen verehrt wird, ist Manik Pir. Die Anfänge dieses Kults liegen vermutlich im 15./16. Jahrhundert. Wandernde Straßensänger glorifizieren ihn in Volksliedern (manik pirer gan). Pīrs waren ein wesentlicher Faktor bei der Islamisierung Bengalens im 18./19. Jahrhundert. Bei den kurdischen Jesiden wird zwischen Scheich und Pīr unterschieden, denn Scheiche und Pīre bilden im religiösen Klassensystem der Jesiden, das erblich an Familien gebunden ist, zwei verschiedene Klassen.
  • Pir or Peer (Persian: پیر‎‎, literally "old [person]") is a title for a Sufi master or spiritual guide equally used in the nath tradition. They are also referred to as a Hazrat or Shaikh, which is Arabic for Old Man. The title is often translated into English as "saint" and could be interpreted as "Elder". In Sufism a Pir's role is to guide and instruct his disciples on the Sufi path. This is often done by general lessons (called Suhbas) and individual guidance. Other words that refer to a Pir include, Murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎‎, meaning "guide" or "teacher"), Sheikh and Sarkar (Persian word meaning Master, Lord). The title Peer Baba (पीर बाबा) is common in Hindi used to give a salutation to Sufi masters or similarly honored persons. After their death people visit their tombs (dargah) (मकबरा). The path of Sufism starts when a student takes an oath of allegiance with a teacher called Bai'ath or Bay'ah (Arabic word meaning "transaction") where he swears allegiance at the hands of his Pir and repents from all his previous sins. After that, the student is called a Murid (Arabic word meaning committed one). From here, his batin (inward) journey starts. A Pir usually has authorizations to be a teacher for one (or more) Tariqahs (paths). A Tariqah may have more than one Pir at a time. A Pir is accorded that status by his Shaikh by way of Khilafat or Khilafah (Arabic word meaning succession). Khilafat is the process in which a Shaikh identifies one of his disciples as his successor (khalifah). A Pir can have more than one khalifah.
  • Il sostantivo Pir (lett. "vecchio") è usato in ambito sufi per indicare la Guida o Maestro. Il sostantivo, di origine persiana, equivale perfettamente all'arabo Shaykh. In entrambi i casi sottolinea l'esperienza vissuta del Maestro, cui si rivolge il murīd (in arabo: ﻣﺮﻳﺪ‎, discepolo ) o tālib (in arabo: ﻃﺎﻟﺐ‎, apprendista ) nel suo lungo cammino ascetico, che esige un'adeguata conduzione. In ambito turco, seguendo la medesima logica, si usa invece spesso il sostantivo dede, che significa "nonno", che tuttavia è impiegato di preferenza per indicare il capo religioso e spirituale dell'Alevismo.
  • Пир (перс. (پیر‎ — старец) — в суфизме руководитель тариката (братства), святой, а также могила, где похоронен пир.
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