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The Northern Cities Vowel Shift (or simply Northern Cities Shift) is a chain shift in the sounds of some vowels, occurring in the Inland North, Upper Midwest, and traditional Western New England dialects of American English, though most heavily centering on the Great Lakes region.

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  • Northern Cities Vowel Shift
  • Mutamento vocalico delle città del Nord
  • 北方大城市元音移位
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  • The Northern Cities Vowel Shift (or simply Northern Cities Shift) is a chain shift in the sounds of some vowels, occurring in the Inland North, Upper Midwest, and traditional Western New England dialects of American English, though most heavily centering on the Great Lakes region.
  • 北方大城市元音移位指的是部分元音音位系统发生的一系列移位的现象。因该现象主要发生在美国北部一大片围绕大湖地区的城市里,从锡拉丘兹(纽约州)起,穿越克里夫兰(俄亥俄州),底特律(密西根州),芝加哥(伊利诺州)等直到明尼阿波利斯(明尼苏达州),甚至在靠近中部的圣路易斯(密苏里州)也存在。 发生此现象的地区在形如单词 ket, cut, caught, cot,cat,kit 中的元音IPA [ɛ], [ʌ], [ɔ], [ɑ], [æ], [ə], [ɔ], [ɑ], [a], [iæ],[ɪ] 发生了央化。
  • Il Mutamento vocalico delle città del Nord è un mutamento a catena che investe i suoni di alcune vocali in determinate varietà di inglese americano. Si definisce delle città del Nord perché è attivo principalmente in un'ampia regione degli Stati Uniti intorno ai Grandi Laghi, che ha inizio nei pressi di Syracuse e Binghamton e si estende verso ovest passando per Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Madison, e a nord fino a Green Bay (Labov et al. 187–208).
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