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The New Great Migration is the demographic change from 1965 to the present, which is a reversal of the previous 35-year trend of black migration within the United States. Since 1965, deindustrialization of cities in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States, growth of jobs in the "New South" with lower costs of living, family and kinship ties, and improving racial relations have all acted to attract African Americans to the Southern United States in substantial numbers. As early as 1975-1980, seven southern states were net black migration gainers. African-American populations continue to drop throughout much of the Northeast, particularly with black emigration out of the state of New York, as well as out of Northern New Jersey, as they rise in the Southern United States.

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  • Nueva Gran Migración
  • New Great Migration
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  • La Nueva Gran Migración es el término que viene a designar los cambios demográficos acaecidos desde 1965 hasta hoy día, que suponen la vuelta atrás a la tendencia de los 35 años anteriores respecto a los estados en que la población negra de EE. UU. pretende asentarse. Desde 1965 la desindustrialización de muchas ciudades del noreste y medio oeste del país, el crecimiento del empleo en el Nuevo Sur y la mejora del clima racial han actuado como polo de atracción de la población afroamericana hacia estos estados antiguamente esclavistas. En el período 1975-1980 siete estados del sur de Estados Unidos obtuvieron un saldo positivo respecto al crecimiento de su población negra.
  • The New Great Migration is the demographic change from 1965 to the present, which is a reversal of the previous 35-year trend of black migration within the United States. Since 1965, deindustrialization of cities in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States, growth of jobs in the "New South" with lower costs of living, family and kinship ties, and improving racial relations have all acted to attract African Americans to the Southern United States in substantial numbers. As early as 1975-1980, seven southern states were net black migration gainers. African-American populations continue to drop throughout much of the Northeast, particularly with black emigration out of the state of New York, as well as out of Northern New Jersey, as they rise in the Southern United States.
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  • La Nueva Gran Migración es el término que viene a designar los cambios demográficos acaecidos desde 1965 hasta hoy día, que suponen la vuelta atrás a la tendencia de los 35 años anteriores respecto a los estados en que la población negra de EE. UU. pretende asentarse. Desde 1965 la desindustrialización de muchas ciudades del noreste y medio oeste del país, el crecimiento del empleo en el Nuevo Sur y la mejora del clima racial han actuado como polo de atracción de la población afroamericana hacia estos estados antiguamente esclavistas. En el período 1975-1980 siete estados del sur de Estados Unidos obtuvieron un saldo positivo respecto al crecimiento de su población negra. El porcentaje de población afroamericana continúa cayendo en todo el noreste de EEUU (a excepción de los estados de Nueva York y Pensilvania), así como en el lejano oeste para incrementarse en el Sur. Los graduados universitarios y los inmigrantes de clase media constituyen la parte principal de los nuevos inmigrantes. Por ejemplo entre 1995 y 2000 los estados de Georgia, Maryland y Texas atrajeron la mayor parte de los graduados universitarios de EEUU. En el mismo período California se convirtió en un perdedor neto de migración negra por primera vez en tres décadas. Aunque este proceso está todavía en desarrollo muchos datos muestran una tendencia que viene de 35 años a esta parte. La llamada Nueva Gran Migración aparece concentrada en ciertos estados del sur de EEUU como Maryland, Florida, Georgia, Carolina del Norte, Virginia, Tennessee, y Texas mientras otros estados como Alabama, Arkansas, Luisiana, Misisipi, y Carolina del Sur apenas han recibido flujos migratorios
  • The New Great Migration is the demographic change from 1965 to the present, which is a reversal of the previous 35-year trend of black migration within the United States. Since 1965, deindustrialization of cities in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States, growth of jobs in the "New South" with lower costs of living, family and kinship ties, and improving racial relations have all acted to attract African Americans to the Southern United States in substantial numbers. As early as 1975-1980, seven southern states were net black migration gainers. African-American populations continue to drop throughout much of the Northeast, particularly with black emigration out of the state of New York, as well as out of Northern New Jersey, as they rise in the Southern United States. College graduates and middle-class migrants make up a major portion of the new migration. For instance, from 1965–2000, the states of Florida, Georgia, and Texas attracted the most black college graduates. The only state outside the former Confederacy that attracted a sizeable migration of black college graduates was Maryland, most of the population growth being in the counties surrounding Washington, D.C. In that same period, California was a net loser of black migration for the first time in three decades. While the migration is still in progress, much data is from this 35-year period. The New Great Migration is not evenly distributed throughout the South; primary destinations are those states that have the most job opportunities, especially Georgia, North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, Florida, and Texas. Other southern states, including Mississippi, Louisiana, South Carolina, Alabama, and Arkansas, have seen little net growth in the African American population from return migration.
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