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The Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface cards (NICs). It was jointly developed by Microsoft and 3Com Corporation and is mostly used in Microsoft Windows. However, the open-source NDISwrapper and Project Evil driver wrapper projects allow many NDIS-compliant NICs to be used with Linux, FreeBSD and NetBSD. magnussoft ZETA, a derivative of BeOS, supports a number of NDIS drivers. The NDIS versions supported by various Windows versions are as follows:

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  • Network Driver Interface Specification
  • Network Driver Interface Specification
  • Network Driver Interface Specification
  • Network Driver Interface Specification
  • Network Driver Interface Specification
  • Network Driver Interface Specification
  • NDIS
  • 網絡驅動程式介面規範
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  • Die Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) ist ein von Microsoft und 3Com entwickelter Standard zur Einbindung von Netzwerkkarten. Er erlaubt den Betrieb von mehreren Karten in einem PC genauso wie den Einsatz mehrerer Protokolle auf einer Netzwerkkarte. Der eigentliche Kartentreiber ist hierbei der MAC-Treiber. NDIS wird unter Windows verwendet, im Gegensatz zu ODI, welches für Apple benötigt wird. Unter Linux ist es mithilfe des Ndiswrapper möglich, die NDIS-Treiber von Windows zu laden. FreeBSD bietet ebenfalls entsprechende Unterstützung an, um Windows-Treiber zum Betrieb von Netzwerkadaptern nutzen zu können.
  • NDIS (аббр.. от англ. Network Driver Interface Specification) — спецификация интерфейса сетевого драйвера, была разработана совместно фирмами Microsoft и 3Com для сопряжения драйверов сетевых адаптеров с операционной системой. Одна из первых реализаций NDIS (версия 2.0.1) была выполнена в ОС MS-DOS, она же была использована фирмой IBM в операционной системе OS/2, последующие версии спецификации были разработаны Microsoft для популярного семейства ОС Microsoft Windows.
  • Network Driver Interface Specification是微軟所提供的網路介面卡(NIC)API,使N I C和多個協議進行通信成為可能,功能相當於 OSI 資料鏈結層的邏輯鏈路控制(LLC)。 NDIS 的版本演進如下: * Windows 95: NDIS 3.10 * Windows 98/98 SE/Me: NDIS 5.0 * Windows 2000: NDIS 5.0 * Windows XP: NDIS 5.1 * Windows Server 2003: NDIS 5.2 (5.1 before SP2) * Windows Vista: NDIS 6.1 (6.0 before SP1) * Windows Server 2008: NDIS 6.1 * Windows 7, Server 2008 R2: NDIS 6.20 * Windows 8, Server 2012, 8.1, Server 2012 R2: NDIS 6.30
  • The Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface cards (NICs). It was jointly developed by Microsoft and 3Com Corporation and is mostly used in Microsoft Windows. However, the open-source NDISwrapper and Project Evil driver wrapper projects allow many NDIS-compliant NICs to be used with Linux, FreeBSD and NetBSD. magnussoft ZETA, a derivative of BeOS, supports a number of NDIS drivers. The NDIS versions supported by various Windows versions are as follows:
  • Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) は、ネットワークカードのためのAPIの一種である。マイクロソフトとスリーコムが共同で開発し、主に Microsoft Windows で使われているが、オープンソースの NdisWrapper や Project Evil のドライバラッパーにより、NDIS準拠のネットワークカードの多くが Linux や FreeBSD で利用可能となっている。BeOS から派生した ZETA はいくつかの NDIS ドライバをサポートしている。 NDIS はOSI参照モデルにおけるデータリンク層(7層のうちの第2層)の上側のサブレイヤーである論理リンク制御 (LLC) に相当し、第2層と第3層(ネットワーク層)の間のインタフェースとして機能する。下側のサブレイヤーは 媒体アクセス制御 (MAC) デバイスドライバである。 NDIS はラッパー (wrapper) と呼ばれる機能群のライブラリであり、下位のハードウェアの複雑さを隠蔽し、第3層のネットワークプロトコルドライバとハードウェアレベルのMACドライバに標準化されたインタフェースを提供する。同様な LLC 機能を提供するものとして Open Data-Link Interface (ODI) がある。
  • La Specifica di Interfaccia di Driver di rete (NDIS) è un'interfaccia per la programmazione di applicazioni (API) per schede di rete (NICs). È stata sviluppata da Microsoft e 3Com: è utilizzata da Microsoft Windows e da vari progetti open-source driver wrapper NDISwrapper e Project Evil permettono a molte schede compatibili con NDIS di essere usate con Linux, FreeBSD e NetBSD. magnussoft ZETA, un derivato di BeOS, supporta un gran numero di driver NDIS. Seguono le versioni di NDIS, supportate dalle varie versioni di Windows:
  • Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS ; en français Spécification de l'interface du pilote réseau) est une interface de programmation (API) pour les interfaces réseau. Elle a été développée conjointement par Microsoft et 3Com, et est aujourd'hui principalement utilisée par Microsoft Windows, mais également par les projets libres NdisWrapper et Project Evil qui permettent à des interfaces réseaux compatibles NDIS d'être utilisées respectivement par Linux et FreeBSD. ZETA, un dérivé de BeOS, gère également un certain nombre de pilotes NDIS.
  • Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) – interfejs programowania aplikacji (API) dla kart sieciowych. Standard ten był wspólnie rozwijany przez Microsoft i 3Com; aktualnie jest używany głównie w komputerach opartych na technologiach firm Intel i Microsoft, jednakże projekty open source takie jak ndiswrapper czy Project Evil pozwalają na używanie wielu kart kompatybilnych z NDIS pod systemami Linux czy FreeBSD. Także yellowTAB Zeta, pochodne BeOS, od wersji 1.0 obsługuje NDIS.
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  • The Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface cards (NICs). It was jointly developed by Microsoft and 3Com Corporation and is mostly used in Microsoft Windows. However, the open-source NDISwrapper and Project Evil driver wrapper projects allow many NDIS-compliant NICs to be used with Linux, FreeBSD and NetBSD. magnussoft ZETA, a derivative of BeOS, supports a number of NDIS drivers. The NDIS forms the Logical Link Control (LLC) sublayer, which is the upper sublayer of the OSI data link layer (layer 2). Therefore, the NDIS acts as the interface between the Media Access Control (MAC) sublayer, which is the lower sublayer of the data link layer, and the network layer (layer 3). The NDIS is a library of functions often referred to as a "wrapper" that hides the underlying complexity of the NIC hardware and serves as a standard interface for level 3 network protocol drivers and hardware level MAC drivers. Another common LLC is the Open Data-Link Interface (ODI). The NDIS versions supported by various Windows versions are as follows: * NDIS 2.0: MS-DOS, Windows for Workgroups 3.1, OS/2 * NDIS 3.0: Windows for Workgroups 3.11 * NDIS 3.1: Windows 95 * NDIS 4.0: Windows 95 OSR2, NT 4.0, Windows CE 3.0 * NDIS 5.0: Windows 98, 98 SE, Me, 2000 * NDIS 5.1: Windows XP, Server 2003, Windows CE 4.x, 5.0, 6.0 * NDIS 5.2: Windows Server 2003 SP2 * NDIS 6.0: Windows Vista * NDIS 6.1: Windows Vista SP1, Server 2008, Windows Embedded Compact 7, Windows Embedded Compact 2013 * NDIS 6.20: Windows 7, Server 2008 R2 * NDIS 6.30: Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 * NDIS 6.40: Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 * NDIS 6.50: Windows 10, * NDIS 6.60: Windows Server 2016 The traffic accepted by the NIC is controlled by an NDIS miniport Driver while various protocols, such as TCP/IP, are implemented by NDIS Protocol Drivers. A single miniport may be associated with one or more protocols. This means that traffic coming into the miniport may be received in parallel by several protocol drivers. For example, Winpcap adds a second protocol driver on the selected miniport in order to capture incoming packets. Furthermore, it is possible to simulate several virtual NICs by implementing virtual miniport drivers that send and receive traffic from a single physical NIC. One example of virtual miniport driver usage is to add virtual NICs, each with a different Virtual LAN. Because implementations cannot assume that other drivers received the same buffers, one must treat the incoming buffers as read only and a driver that changes the packet content must allocate its own buffers. Another driver type is NDIS Intermediate Driver. Intermediate drivers sit in-between the MAC and IP layers and can control all traffic being accepted by the NIC. In practice, intermediate drivers implement both miniport and protocol interfaces. The miniport driver and protocol driver actually communicate with the corresponding miniport and protocol interfaces that reside in the intermediate driver. This design enables adding several chained intermediate drivers between the miniport and protocol drivers. Therefore, driver vendors cannot assume that the interface that they send traffic to is implemented by the last driver in the chain. In order to write applications using NDIS one can use samples that accompany Microsoft's Windows Driver Kit (WDK). The "PassThru" sample is a good starting point for intermediate drivers as it implements all the necessary details required in this driver type, but just passes the traffic through to the next driver in the chain.
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