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Murong Xi (Chinese: 慕容熙; 385–407), courtesy name Daowen (道文), formally Emperor Zhaowen of (Later) Yan ((後)燕昭文帝), was an emperor of the Xianbei state Later Yan. He was one of the youngest sons of Murong Chui (Emperor Wucheng), and after the death of his nephew Murong Sheng (Emperor Zhaowu) became emperor due to his affair with Murong Sheng's mother, Empress Dowager Ding. He was regarded as a cruel and capricious ruler, who acted at the whims of himself and his wife, Empress Fu Xunying, greatly damaging the Later Yan state. After Empress Fu died in 407, he left the capital Longcheng (龍城, in modern Jinzhou, Liaoning) to bury her, and the soldiers in Longcheng took this chance to rebel and replace him with Murong Bao's adopted son Murong Yun (Emperor Huiyi), and Murong Xi himself was captured

AttributesValues
rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Murong Xi
  • 慕容熙
  • 慕容熙
rdfs:comment
  • 慕容 熙(ぼよう き、拼音:Mùróng Xī)は、五胡十六国時代の後燕の第4代皇帝。
  • Murong Xi (Chinese: 慕容熙; 385–407), courtesy name Daowen (道文), formally Emperor Zhaowen of (Later) Yan ((後)燕昭文帝), was an emperor of the Xianbei state Later Yan. He was one of the youngest sons of Murong Chui (Emperor Wucheng), and after the death of his nephew Murong Sheng (Emperor Zhaowu) became emperor due to his affair with Murong Sheng's mother, Empress Dowager Ding. He was regarded as a cruel and capricious ruler, who acted at the whims of himself and his wife, Empress Fu Xunying, greatly damaging the Later Yan state. After Empress Fu died in 407, he left the capital Longcheng (龍城, in modern Jinzhou, Liaoning) to bury her, and the soldiers in Longcheng took this chance to rebel and replace him with Murong Bao's adopted son Murong Yun (Emperor Huiyi), and Murong Xi himself was captured
  • 昭文帝慕容熙(385年-407年),字道文,一字長生,十六國時期後燕國君主,鮮卑人,是後燕帝慕容垂幼子,母親是貴嬪段氏。原封河間王,蘭汗之亂時曾被封為遼東公,慕容盛即位後,封河間公。 後燕長樂三年(401年),慕容盛被變軍殺害。慕容盛有兒子慕容定,年紀幼小。群臣希望慕容盛之弟慕容元繼位。但慕容熙因与慕容盛之母丁太后有私情,備受她寵愛,遂被密迎入宮即天王位,慕容元被賜死,不久慕容熙改元光始。次年(402年),慕容熙又害死了慕容定,且娶了苻秦中山尹苻謨的兩個女兒苻娀娥為貴人、苻訓英為貴嬪,苻訓英極其受寵。丁太后怨恨,遂謀廢慕容熙,事洩,丁太后被殺。 慕容熙立苻訓英為皇后,苻娀娥為貴人,非常寵愛苻氏姐妹,因此興築宮殿、遊玩打獵,導致軍民死亡的數以萬計。苻娀娥生病,有人自稱能醫,結果醫死了,慕容熙遂將醫生支解後焚燒,追封苻娀娥為愍皇后。慕容熙與苻訓英更是玩樂不知節制。元始五年(405年)攻高句麗遼東城,原本城將攻陷,慕容熙只為了要與苻后一同坐輦車進城,因而命軍暫緩登城,以致延誤戰機,不能攻下遼東。次年(406年),後燕攻契丹未果而回師,又為了苻后想要觀戰而臨時拋棄輜重轉而偷襲高句麗,致士卒馬匹,疲累寒冷,沿路死亡不可勝數。又如苻后夏天想要吃凍魚,冬天要吃生地黃,官員也因不能取得而被斬首。
sameAs
death date
  • 407-1-1
birth date
  • 385-1-1
dct:subject
Wikipage page ID
Wikipage revision ID
Link from a Wikipage to another Wikipage
foaf:name
  • Murong Xi
dct:description
  • Chinese ruler
foaf:gender
  • male
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:surname
  • Murong
prov:wasDerivedFrom
has abstract
  • Murong Xi (Chinese: 慕容熙; 385–407), courtesy name Daowen (道文), formally Emperor Zhaowen of (Later) Yan ((後)燕昭文帝), was an emperor of the Xianbei state Later Yan. He was one of the youngest sons of Murong Chui (Emperor Wucheng), and after the death of his nephew Murong Sheng (Emperor Zhaowu) became emperor due to his affair with Murong Sheng's mother, Empress Dowager Ding. He was regarded as a cruel and capricious ruler, who acted at the whims of himself and his wife, Empress Fu Xunying, greatly damaging the Later Yan state. After Empress Fu died in 407, he left the capital Longcheng (龍城, in modern Jinzhou, Liaoning) to bury her, and the soldiers in Longcheng took this chance to rebel and replace him with Murong Bao's adopted son Murong Yun (Emperor Huiyi), and Murong Xi himself was captured and killed. (Because Murong Yun was an adopted son who later changed his name back to Gao Yun, some historians treat Murong Xi as the last emperor of Later Yan and Gao Yun as the first emperor of Northern Yan, while others treat Gao Yun as the last emperor of Later Yan and his successor Feng Ba as the first emperor of Northern Yan.)
  • 慕容 熙(ぼよう き、拼音:Mùróng Xī)は、五胡十六国時代の後燕の第4代皇帝。
  • 昭文帝慕容熙(385年-407年),字道文,一字長生,十六國時期後燕國君主,鮮卑人,是後燕帝慕容垂幼子,母親是貴嬪段氏。原封河間王,蘭汗之亂時曾被封為遼東公,慕容盛即位後,封河間公。 後燕長樂三年(401年),慕容盛被變軍殺害。慕容盛有兒子慕容定,年紀幼小。群臣希望慕容盛之弟慕容元繼位。但慕容熙因与慕容盛之母丁太后有私情,備受她寵愛,遂被密迎入宮即天王位,慕容元被賜死,不久慕容熙改元光始。次年(402年),慕容熙又害死了慕容定,且娶了苻秦中山尹苻謨的兩個女兒苻娀娥為貴人、苻訓英為貴嬪,苻訓英極其受寵。丁太后怨恨,遂謀廢慕容熙,事洩,丁太后被殺。 慕容熙立苻訓英為皇后,苻娀娥為貴人,非常寵愛苻氏姐妹,因此興築宮殿、遊玩打獵,導致軍民死亡的數以萬計。苻娀娥生病,有人自稱能醫,結果醫死了,慕容熙遂將醫生支解後焚燒,追封苻娀娥為愍皇后。慕容熙與苻訓英更是玩樂不知節制。元始五年(405年)攻高句麗遼東城,原本城將攻陷,慕容熙只為了要與苻后一同坐輦車進城,因而命軍暫緩登城,以致延誤戰機,不能攻下遼東。次年(406年),後燕攻契丹未果而回師,又為了苻后想要觀戰而臨時拋棄輜重轉而偷襲高句麗,致士卒馬匹,疲累寒冷,沿路死亡不可勝數。又如苻后夏天想要吃凍魚,冬天要吃生地黃,官員也因不能取得而被斬首。 建始元年(407年),苻后去世,慕容熙痛不欲生,喪禮上命檢查百官有無哭泣,規定未哭者給予處罰,群臣只好口含辣物以刺激流淚。又賜死高陽王慕容隆的王妃張氏以殉葬,以致於有大臣唯恐突然受命殉葬(如右僕射韋璆等人),每天都洗好澡來等待命令。此外規定家家戶戶都要參與建造苻后陵墓的工程,更使得國家財政揮霍一空。臨葬,慕容熙竟打開棺材,与苻訓英已經變色變味的屍體親熱一番,才准下葬。 由於早先中衛將軍馮跋與其弟馮素弗曾因事獲罪於後燕帝慕容熙,因此慕容熙一直有殺馮跋兄弟之意。馮跋兄弟於是趁慕容熙送葬苻后時起事,推高雲(慕容雲)為燕王,慕容熙被生擒後斬首,和苻訓英合葬。後來被諡昭文皇帝。
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