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Murong De (Chinese: 慕容德; 336–405), name changed in 400 to Murong Beide (慕容備德), courtesy name Xuanming (玄明), formally Emperor Xianwu of (Southern) Yan ((南)燕獻武帝), was the founding emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Southern Yan. He was the son of Former Yan's founding prince Murong Huang (Prince Wenming) and younger brother to both Former Yan emperor Murong Jun (Emperor Jingzhao) and Later Yan emperor Murong Chui (Emperor Wucheng), and therefore was an imperial prince and general during the times of both states. After Murong Chui's son Murong Bao lost most of Later Yan's territory to Northern Wei, Murong De took troops under his own command south and established Southern Yan, which secured modern Shandong, but failed to expand further, and was destroyed by Jin Dynasty (265-420) after Muron

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  • Murong De
  • 慕容徳
  • 慕容德
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  • 慕容 徳(ぼよう とく)は五胡十六国時代の南燕の初代皇帝。前燕の建国者慕容皝の末子。
  • Murong De (Chinese: 慕容德; 336–405), name changed in 400 to Murong Beide (慕容備德), courtesy name Xuanming (玄明), formally Emperor Xianwu of (Southern) Yan ((南)燕獻武帝), was the founding emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Southern Yan. He was the son of Former Yan's founding prince Murong Huang (Prince Wenming) and younger brother to both Former Yan emperor Murong Jun (Emperor Jingzhao) and Later Yan emperor Murong Chui (Emperor Wucheng), and therefore was an imperial prince and general during the times of both states. After Murong Chui's son Murong Bao lost most of Later Yan's territory to Northern Wei, Murong De took troops under his own command south and established Southern Yan, which secured modern Shandong, but failed to expand further, and was destroyed by Jin Dynasty (265-420) after Muron
  • 慕容德(336年-405年),後改名慕容備德,字玄明,十六國時期南燕皇帝,鮮卑人,是前燕文明帝慕容皝之幼子,前燕景昭帝慕容儁、後燕成武帝慕容垂皆為其兄。《晉書》載其「年未弱冠,身長八尺二寸,姿貌雄偉」。又「博觀群書,性清慎,多才藝」。 前燕時期慕容儁在位時,慕容德被封為梁公。後來慕容儁之子慕容暐繼帝位,再被改封為范陽王。369年,曾與慕容垂一同大敗東晉桓溫的進攻。370年,前燕為前秦所滅後,一度被前秦帝苻堅任命為張掖(今中國甘肅省張掖市)太守,數年後被免職。 後來苻堅欲南征東晉,慕容德被任命為奮威將軍隨軍,留下金刀拜別母親公孫氏及另一兄長慕容納而去。383年,前秦於肥水之戰敗北,慕容垂趁機起兵建後燕,慕容德嚮應之,被命為車騎大將軍,重新受封為范陽王,然其諸子及慕容纳皆因留在後方而被前秦所殺。 396年,慕容垂臨終,遺命太子慕容寶將鄴城(今中國河南省臨漳縣)委由慕容德鎮守。慕容寶繼位後,即以慕容德為使持節、都督冀、兗、青、徐、荊、豫六州諸軍事、特進、車騎大將軍、冀州牧,領南蠻校尉,鎮守鄴城。 400年,慕容德正式稱帝,改元建平,並在此時把自己名字改為慕容備德,以便臣民避諱。慕容德有女兒無兒子,為繼承人心焦,同胞哥哥慕容納之子慕容超持當年慕容德拜別母親的金刀來歸,慕容德遂封這位侄子為太子。慕容德正式登基時年已65歲,在中國歷史上僅次於唐朝的武則天,武則天登基時已經67歲了。
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  • 405-1-1
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  • 336-1-1
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