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The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS Church) to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used handcarts to transport their belongings. The Mormon handcart movement began in 1856 and continued until 1860.

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  • Mormon handcart pioneers
  • Pioneros de carros de mano
  • Pionieri mormoni con carretto a mano
  • 摩爾門教手拉車拓荒者
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  • 摩爾門教手拉車拓荒者(Mormon handcart pioneers),是指一些將耶穌基督後期聖徒教會總會搬遷到猶他州鹽湖城的摩爾門教教徒,而由於部分搬遷者都使用手拉車來輸送行李而得其名。整個搬遷運動由1856年開始,至1860年才告結束。 由於教會當時欠缺足夠的經費去購買搬輸用的牛馬,接近三千名來自英格蘭、威爾斯和斯堪的那維亞的摩爾門教拓荒者只好分成十隊手拉車隊進行搬遷,徒步會合已經抵美的信徒。然而,途經懷俄明州中部的大風雪與惡劣天氣,對其中兩隊遲了出發、共九百八十人的手拉車隊伍構成嚴重的性命威脅。儘管當局已積極地進行搜救行動,仍然有多過二百一十人在遷徙途中喪生。其中一位生還者約翰·其斯里寫道:「無數父親在拉著載滿了孩子的手拉車,直到他們死的一天。」 儘管當時只有少於百分之十的移民使用手拉車來完成旅程,這種運輸工具卻成為了摩爾門教文化中一種十分重要的象徵,代表著拓荒世代的忠貞與自我犧牲的精神。今天在拓荒者日、教會慶典或者相類的紀念活動,這些已故的拓荒者依然受到熱烈追捧和表揚。而拓荒者的艱苦跋涉不但成為了19世紀摩爾門教民歌的流行主題,更用作一些宗教小說的寫作材料,例如吉羅德·露德的歷史故事《火之盟約》與奧森·斯科特·卡德的科幻短篇小說《麥穗的朋友》。
  • The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS Church) to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used handcarts to transport their belongings. The Mormon handcart movement began in 1856 and continued until 1860.
  • Los pioneros de carros de mano fueron participantes en la migración de los miembros de La Iglesia de Jesucristo de los Santos de los Últimos Días (también conocida como Iglesia SUD) a Salt Lake City, Utah, que usaron carros de mano para transportar sus pertenencias. El movimiento mormón de carros de mano empezó en 1856 y acabó en 1860.
  • I Pionieri mormoni con carretto a mano furono dei partecipanti alla migrazione di membri della Chiesa di Gesù Cristo dei santi degli ultimi giorni verso Salt Lake City, Utah negli Stati Uniti d'America, che utilizzavano carretti a mano per trasportare i loro averi. La migrazione mormone dei carretti a mano iniziò nel 1856 e durò fino al 1860.
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