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There were several Mongol invasions of Tibet. The earliest is the alleged plot to invade Tibet by Genghis Khan in 1206, which is considered anachronistic; there is no evidence of Mongol-Tibetan encounters prior to the military campaign in 1240. The first confirmed campaign is the invasion of Tibet by the Mongol general Doorda Darkhan in 1240, a campaign of 30,000 troops that resulted in 500 casualties. The campaign was smaller than the full-scale invasions used by the Mongols against large empires. The purpose of this attack is unclear, and is still in debate among Tibetologists. Then in the late 1240s Mongolian prince Godan invited Sakya lama Sakya Pandita, who urged other leading Tibetan figures to submit to Mongol authority. This is generally considered to have marked the beginning of M

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  • Conquête du Tibet par les Mongols
  • Podbój Tybetu przez Mongołów
  • 蒙古征服吐蕃
  • Mongol invasions of Tibet
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  • La conquête du Tibet par les Mongols a lieu au cours du XIIIe siècle, avec une première invasion en 1240, poursuivie en 1253 par Godan Khan et Kubilai Khan Auparavant, en 1207, devant le déferlement des armées mongoles de Gengis Khan, les chefs tibétains avaient décidé de se soumettre et de payer tribut à ce dernier pour éviter à leurs territoires d'être envahis. Cependant, à la mort de Gengis Khan en 1227, les chefs tibétains cessèrent de payer ce tribut, ce qui entraîna l'intervention armée des Mongols.
  • Podbój Tybetu przez Mongołów – historyczna kampania militarna, która w serii operacji wojskowych i politycznych doprowadziła w XIII wieku do podporządkowania Tybetu imperium mongolskiemu. Charakterystyczna dla tego okresu kooperacja mongolskich przywódców oraz tybetańskich lamów, skutkowała z jednej strony, rozpowszechnieniem wśród Mongołów buddyzmu, a z drugiej podporządkowaniem znacznych obszarów Wyżyny Tybetańskiej opatom klasztoru Sakja. Współcześnie uważa się te wydarzenia za przyczynek do późniejszego ukształtowania się, specyficznego dla Tybetu sytemu sprawowania władzy, w formie teokracji oraz otwarcia tego wysokogórskiego kraju na wielokrotnie w późniejszym okresie ponawiane ingerencje mongolskie w jego sprawy wewnętrzne.
  • 蒙古征服吐蕃是指13世纪以来蒙古对于吐蕃(今西藏)地区的入侵。蒙古帝国最早與吐蕃的交往,根據西藏歷史説法是蒙古入侵西夏以後。當時古鲁格·多爾濟汗派手下尼魯呼那顏到柴達木盆地商量投降,但多数学者認為不是事實。首次真正入侵是1240年多達那波以3000人入侵造成500吐蕃人死亡。之後吐蕃投降成為蒙古帝国一部分。元朝建立后吐蕃地区成为宣政院辖地。
  • There were several Mongol invasions of Tibet. The earliest is the alleged plot to invade Tibet by Genghis Khan in 1206, which is considered anachronistic; there is no evidence of Mongol-Tibetan encounters prior to the military campaign in 1240. The first confirmed campaign is the invasion of Tibet by the Mongol general Doorda Darkhan in 1240, a campaign of 30,000 troops that resulted in 500 casualties. The campaign was smaller than the full-scale invasions used by the Mongols against large empires. The purpose of this attack is unclear, and is still in debate among Tibetologists. Then in the late 1240s Mongolian prince Godan invited Sakya lama Sakya Pandita, who urged other leading Tibetan figures to submit to Mongol authority. This is generally considered to have marked the beginning of M
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