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The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century was the military effort by an Asian power, the Mongols, to invade and conquer Europe. It involved the severe and rampant destruction of East Slavic principalities and major cities, such as Kiev and Vladimir. Mongol invasions also affected Central Europe, warring with the Kingdom of Hungary (in the Battle of Mohi) and causing the fragmentation of Poland (in the Battle of Legnica). Historians regard the Mongol raids and invasions as some of the deadliest conflicts in human history up through that period.

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  • Mongol invasion of Europe
  • Mongolensturm
  • Invasión mongola de Europa
  • Invasione mongola dell'Europa
  • Invasão mongol da Europa
  • Западный поход монголов
  • 蒙古侵略歐洲
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  • Als Mongolensturm oder Tatarensturm wird sowohl in der abendländischen als auch in der arabischen und persischen Geschichtsschreibung der Einfall der Mongolen bzw. Tataren („Tataro-Mongolen“) in zahlreiche Staaten Asiens und Europas bezeichnet.
  • La invasión mongola de Europa por hordas comandadas por Batú Kan, Subotai y Kadan del siglo XIII, alcanzó Polonia, Hungría y Rumanía después de que los mongoles hubieran conquistado y devastado la Rus de Kiev. Algunos historiadores discuten si la campaña mongola del Este Europeo tuvo alguna importancia macrohistórica. La mayoría de los historiadores militares creen que tales ataques fueron esencialmente advertencias, para asegurar las fronteras occidentales de las conquistas rusas.
  • A invasão mongol da Europa por hordas comandadas por Batu Khan e Subedei atingiu Polônia, Hungria e Romênia após os mongóis terem conquistado e devastado a Rússia. Alguns historiadores discutem se a campanha mongol do Leste Europeu teve alguma importância macrohistórica. A maioria dos historiadores militares acreditam que tais ataques foram essencialmente advertências, objetivando enfraquecer os poderes ocidentais de forma a não atrapalhar os interesses mongóis no oriente, principalmente na Rússia. Evidências indicam que Batu Khan estava preocupado em assegurar as fronteiras ocidentais das conquistas russas, e só depois da destruição dos exércitos locais que passou a pensar em conquistar toda a Europa.
  • Западный поход монголов (Кипчакский поход, Великий западный поход, Вторжение монголов в Европу) — поход войск Монгольской империи в Восточную и Центральную Европу в 1236—1242 гг. во главе с чингизидами Батыем и Каданом и военачальником Субэдэем.
  • 蒙古侵略歐洲又名长子西征,是蒙古帝國继成吉思汗西征花剌子模后的第二次大规模的西征。1235年开始至约1242年,历时约8年,因由各族宗王长子或长孙(术赤次子拔都、窝阔台长子贵由、拖雷长子蒙哥、察合台长孙不里等)率兵西征,故称“长子西征”。這場戰爭,名义上由拔都擔任总帅,實際上由速不台領軍,統領军队总数估计在十二万人以上,摧毀了基輔羅斯、弗拉基米尔公国等東斯拉夫列國。1235年春,在遣阔出南征的同时,窝阔台汗又遣拔都、贵由、蒙哥、不里西征。13世紀以降,歷史學家都在爭論蒙古人對東歐用兵在宏觀歷史的重要性。大多數軍事史家都認為,這次軍事行動的目的,在於擴充蒙古帝國的西部疆域,並透過對波蘭及匈牙利帶來致命性的攻擊,令西歐諸國震懾,從而確保蒙古帝國在俄羅斯的領土安全。
  • The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century was the military effort by an Asian power, the Mongols, to invade and conquer Europe. It involved the severe and rampant destruction of East Slavic principalities and major cities, such as Kiev and Vladimir. Mongol invasions also affected Central Europe, warring with the Kingdom of Hungary (in the Battle of Mohi) and causing the fragmentation of Poland (in the Battle of Legnica). Historians regard the Mongol raids and invasions as some of the deadliest conflicts in human history up through that period.
  • L'invasione mongola dell'Europa nel XIII secolo fu lo sforzo militare dei Mongoli per invadere e conquistare l'Europa. Essa implicò la violenta e incontrollata distruzione dei principati e delle principali città slave orientali, come Kiev e Vladimir. Le invasioni mongole colpirono anche l'Europa centrale, facendo guerra al Regno d'Ungheria (nella battaglia di Mohi) e causando la frammentazione della Polonia (nella battaglia di Legnica).
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