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The Mongol invasion of China was a series of major military efforts by the Mongols to invade China. It spanned six decades in the 13th century and involved the defeat of the Jin dynasty, Western Xia, the Dali Kingdom and the Southern Song. The Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan started the conquest with small-scale raids into Western Xia in 1205 and 1207. By 1279, the Mongol leader Kublai Khan had established the Yuan dynasty in China and crushed the last Song resistance, which marked the onset of all of China under the Mongol Yuan rule. This was the first time in history that the whole of China was conquered and subsequently ruled by a foreign or non-native ruler, compared with the Manchus (who established the Qing dynasty) who did so a few centuries later.

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  • Mongol invasion of China
  • Монгольское завоевание Китая
  • 蒙元统一中国
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  • Монгольское завоевание Китая — покорение монголами Китайских государств, происходившее в XIII веке.
  • The Mongol invasion of China was a series of major military efforts by the Mongols to invade China. It spanned six decades in the 13th century and involved the defeat of the Jin dynasty, Western Xia, the Dali Kingdom and the Southern Song. The Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan started the conquest with small-scale raids into Western Xia in 1205 and 1207. By 1279, the Mongol leader Kublai Khan had established the Yuan dynasty in China and crushed the last Song resistance, which marked the onset of all of China under the Mongol Yuan rule. This was the first time in history that the whole of China was conquered and subsequently ruled by a foreign or non-native ruler, compared with the Manchus (who established the Qing dynasty) who did so a few centuries later.
  • 蒙元统一中国,在13世纪经历了七十余年,蒙古帝国先后灭亡征服西辽、西夏、金朝、吐蕃各部、大理国、南宋,于1279年统一全中国。从成吉思汗在1205年、1207年小规模攻击西夏开始,到1271年元世祖忽必烈在中国建立元朝,1279年完全征服南宋结束,全中国都纳入了蒙古帝国的统治之下。这是中国第一次被非汉族完全统治,第二次是17世纪满族建立的清朝。
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