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A Marcher Lord (Welsh: Barwn y Mers) was a noble appointed by the King of England to guard the border (known as the Welsh Marches) between England and Wales. A Marcher Lord is the English equivalent of a margrave (in the Holy Roman empire) or a marquis (in France). In this context the word march means a border region or frontier, and is cognate with the verb "to march," both ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *mereg-, "edge" or "boundary". The greatest Marcher Lords included the earls of Chester, Gloucester, Hereford, Pembroke and Shrewsbury (see also English Earls of March).

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  • Marcher Lord
  • Marcher Lord
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  • A Marcher Lord (Welsh: Barwn y Mers) was a noble appointed by the King of England to guard the border (known as the Welsh Marches) between England and Wales. A Marcher Lord is the English equivalent of a margrave (in the Holy Roman empire) or a marquis (in France). In this context the word march means a border region or frontier, and is cognate with the verb "to march," both ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *mereg-, "edge" or "boundary". The greatest Marcher Lords included the earls of Chester, Gloucester, Hereford, Pembroke and Shrewsbury (see also English Earls of March).
  • Ein Marcher Lord war ein normannischer oder anglonormannischer Feudalherr im Grenzland zwischen England und Wales, den Welsh Marches. Die Marcher Lords eroberten im königlichen Auftrag ab 1067 Gebiete der walisischen Fürstentümer. Als Herren der eroberten Gebiete waren sie zwar Vasallen des englischen Königs, unterlagen aber nicht dem englischen Recht und hatten gegenüber den englischen Baronen erhebliche Privilegien. Sie durften Burgen bauen, Gesetze erlassen, Krieg gegen die Waliser führen und Städte gründen. Königliche Erlasse galten in der Mark nicht, die Marcher Lords regierten mit eigenem Recht sowie eigene Kanzleien mit eigenen Archiven unterhalten, die allerdings vollständig verloren gegangen sind. Sie hatten ihre eigenen Stellvertreter oder Sheriffs, waren Richter in allen Rechtss
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