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Sieur Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 August 1710 – 2 November 1757) was a French Canadian military officer during the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War). Perhaps his greatest claim to fame is the fact that he is the only military opponent to force George Washington to surrender. His half-brother, Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville, was killed by George Washington and his men after surrendering at the Battle of Jumonville Glen. Coulon sought justice and led an expedition to attack the British garrison at Fort Necessity under the command of George Washington.

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  • Louis Coulon de Villiers
  • Louis Coulon de Villiers
  • Louis Coulon de Villiers
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  • Louis Coulon de Villiers né le 10 août 1710 à Verchères, Québec et décédé le 2 novembre 1757 à Québec est un officier de marine français.
  • Sieur Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 August 1710 – 2 November 1757) was a French Canadian military officer during the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War). Perhaps his greatest claim to fame is the fact that he is the only military opponent to force George Washington to surrender. His half-brother, Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville, was killed by George Washington and his men after surrendering at the Battle of Jumonville Glen. Coulon sought justice and led an expedition to attack the British garrison at Fort Necessity under the command of George Washington.
  • Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 de agosto de 1710-2 de noviembre de 1757) fue un militar franco-canadiense que luchó en la guerra franco-india. Su mayor éxito militar consistió en ser el único que consiguió obligar a George Washington a rendirse en un enfrentamiento. Gracias a haber nacido en una importante familia francesa ascendió rápidamente en la escala militar tras entrar en la milicia en 1733. Durante la guerra Franco-india fue asignado con el grado de capitán al Fuerte Duquesne. Coulon murió el 2 de noviembre de 1757 de viruela.
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  • 1757-11-2
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  • 1710-8-17
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  • Louis Coulon de Villiers
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  • French military commander
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  • Louis
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  • male
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  • Sieur Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 August 1710 – 2 November 1757) was a French Canadian military officer during the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War). Perhaps his greatest claim to fame is the fact that he is the only military opponent to force George Washington to surrender. Coulon was born into a prominent French Canadian family. His grandfather, Sieur Raoul-Guillaume Coulon, was a commandant in the French royal army. His father was Nicolas Antoine Coulon de Villiers. Louis Coulon de Villiers entered the military in 1733. He had risen to the rank of captain by the outbreak of the French and Indian War and was assigned to Fort Duquesne. His half-brother, Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville, was killed by George Washington and his men after surrendering at the Battle of Jumonville Glen. Coulon sought justice and led an expedition to attack the British garrison at Fort Necessity under the command of George Washington. On the morning of July 3, 1754, Coulon's troops attacked Fort Necessity (See Battle of the Great Meadows). By evening, the British had asked for terms of surrender. It was the only time in Washington's long military career when he surrendered to an enemy. Coulon considered Washington personally responsible for his brother's death. He inserted a clause into the surrender document that described Jumonville's death as an "assassination". They read as follows: …Since our intention [as Canadiens] was never to disturb the peace and harmony which exist between two friends as two Prince allies, but only to avenge the assassination of one of our officers, messenger of a summon, and of his escorts, to prevent any establishment on the lands of her majesty, the King of France, my master. (abstract) The British were allowed to return to the security of their land with the honours of war, and the promise that they leave their settlements to the west of the Alleghany mountains during the twelve months that followed. They were made to promise the safe return of the prisoners taken during the attack on Joseph Coulon de Jumonville back to Fort Duquesne. The Canadiens also presented two prisoners; Robert Stobo and his interpreter, Jacob Van Braam, to demonstrate their respect of the clauses of surrender. The following day, the British left in haste. So quickly did they leave, that Washington left behind his journal in his abandoned luggage. The French Government used this content and the articles of surrender, to label the British as assassins and admitted terrorists. Washington denied having admitted to the murders. In accordance with his officers and colleagues, he maintained that the interpreter, when translating the act of surrender, had substituted the incriminating words of assassination by the words of death and killing. The British further declared that they had no intention of respecting the document that Washington had signed. The Canadian prisoners were not released; Stobo reneged on his word and became a spy; and by the end of the year, Washington accompanied Major General Edward Braddock on an assault on Fort Duquesne. In July and August 1756, Coulon led a column of French and Native Americans against the frontier of the Province of Pennsylvania. The expedition assaulted Fort Granville, near Lewistown, Pennsylvania, on August 2, and won the surrender of the fort on the following day. Coulon died of smallpox on November 2, 1757 at Quebec City.
  • Louis Coulon de Villiers né le 10 août 1710 à Verchères, Québec et décédé le 2 novembre 1757 à Québec est un officier de marine français.
  • Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 de agosto de 1710-2 de noviembre de 1757) fue un militar franco-canadiense que luchó en la guerra franco-india. Su mayor éxito militar consistió en ser el único que consiguió obligar a George Washington a rendirse en un enfrentamiento. Gracias a haber nacido en una importante familia francesa ascendió rápidamente en la escala militar tras entrar en la milicia en 1733. Durante la guerra Franco-india fue asignado con el grado de capitán al Fuerte Duquesne. Fue el asesinato de su hermano Joseph Coulon de Jumonville a manos del jefe Mingo tras la Batalla de Jumonville Glen lo que le llevó a decidirse a atacar a las fuerzas británicas refugidas en Fort Necessity dirigidas por Washington. El ataque se produjo el 3 de julio de 1754, y en menos de un día consiguieron que los británicos capitulasen. Coulon se aprovechó del desconocimiento del idioma francés de Washington para introducir una cláusula en el tratado de paz según la cual se afirmaba que la muerte de su hermano fue un asesinato. Esta firma del tratado, sin ni siquiera haber leído el texto, fue ampliamnete usada por los franceses en contra de los británicos. Coulon murió el 2 de noviembre de 1757 de viruela.
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  • Captain
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