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The Illinois Country was governed by military commandants for its entire period under French and British rule, and during its time as a county of Virginia. The presence of French military interests in the Illinois Country began in 1682 when Robert de La Salle built Fort St. Louis du Roche on the Illinois River. The commandant of the fort was the top French official in the region and was responsible to the Governor General of New France. In 1718 Illinois was transferred to Louisiana and renamed Upper Louisiana. The new seat of government was Fort de Chartres, located in what is now southeastern Illinois among the growing French settlements of Cahokia, Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher.

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  • List of commandants of the Illinois Country
  • Liste des gouverneurs du Pays des Illinois et de Haute-Louisiane
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  • Liste des gouverneurs du Pays des Illinois et de la Haute-Louisiane, depuis sa fondation par les premiers colons français et Canadiens français venus s’installés dans cette région de la Nouvelle-France dès la fin du XVIIe siècle jusqu’à la vente de la Louisiane en 1803 par Napoléon Ier aux États-Unis. Ces gouverneurs dépendirent au début du gouverneur-général de la Nouvelle-France, puis du gouverneur de la Louisiane française. Après le traité de Paris de 1763, la France perd le Canada au profit des autorités anglaises et la Louisiane française au profit des autorités espagnoles, sous le nom de Louisiane espagnole. Après la vente de la Louisiane par Napoléon Ier aux États-Unis en décembre 1803, la Haute-Louisiane est remise aux autorités américaines en mars 1804.
  • The Illinois Country was governed by military commandants for its entire period under French and British rule, and during its time as a county of Virginia. The presence of French military interests in the Illinois Country began in 1682 when Robert de La Salle built Fort St. Louis du Roche on the Illinois River. The commandant of the fort was the top French official in the region and was responsible to the Governor General of New France. In 1718 Illinois was transferred to Louisiana and renamed Upper Louisiana. The new seat of government was Fort de Chartres, located in what is now southeastern Illinois among the growing French settlements of Cahokia, Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher.
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  • Liste des gouverneurs du Pays des Illinois et de la Haute-Louisiane, depuis sa fondation par les premiers colons français et Canadiens français venus s’installés dans cette région de la Nouvelle-France dès la fin du XVIIe siècle jusqu’à la vente de la Louisiane en 1803 par Napoléon Ier aux États-Unis. Ces gouverneurs dépendirent au début du gouverneur-général de la Nouvelle-France, puis du gouverneur de la Louisiane française. Après le traité de Paris de 1763, la France perd le Canada au profit des autorités anglaises et la Louisiane française au profit des autorités espagnoles, sous le nom de Louisiane espagnole. Après la vente de la Louisiane par Napoléon Ier aux États-Unis en décembre 1803, la Haute-Louisiane est remise aux autorités américaines en mars 1804.
  • The Illinois Country was governed by military commandants for its entire period under French and British rule, and during its time as a county of Virginia. The presence of French military interests in the Illinois Country began in 1682 when Robert de La Salle built Fort St. Louis du Roche on the Illinois River. The commandant of the fort was the top French official in the region and was responsible to the Governor General of New France. In 1718 Illinois was transferred to Louisiana and renamed Upper Louisiana. The new seat of government was Fort de Chartres, located in what is now southeastern Illinois among the growing French settlements of Cahokia, Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher. In 1763, at the conclusion of the Seven Years' War, the entire area of Louisiana was divided, with Great Britain receiving the lands east of the Mississippi and Spain claiming the lands west of it. The new city of St. Louis, in present-day Missouri, became the seat of government of Spanish Upper Louisiana. The government of the British side, present-day Illinois, remained in the hands of military commandants at Fort de Chartres; upon that fort's abandonment the seat of government moved to Kaskaskia. British rule in Illinois was ad hoc and unsystematic. The Quebec Act of 1774 would have organized a government for the region, but before it could be put into effect Illinois was captured by Virginia militia in the Illinois Campaign. After 1787 Illinois received a civil government as part of the Northwest and Indiana Territories before becoming a distinct Illinois Territory in 1809. The United States acquired the rest of Upper Louisiana in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803; military rule continued for a few months before it was transferred to civilian government, first under the Indiana Territory, and then as the Louisiana Territory in 1805.
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