About: Instrumental and value rationality     Goto   Sponge   NotDistinct   Permalink

An Entity of Type : owl:Thing, within Data Space : dbpedia.org associated with source document(s)

Instrumental rationality and value rationality are two human capacities for reasoning that philosophers and social scientists call rational. Instrumental rationality is an actor's capacity to choose means as instruments for coping with conditions to achieve temporary ends desired by the actor. Value rationality is an actor's capacity to choose ends somehow prescribed as permanently right in themselves. The noun rationality unmodified by adjectives generally means all mental capacities for knowing good reasons for choosing means to employ and ends to pursue, as the following quotes demonstrate.

AttributesValues
rdfs:label
  • عقل أداتي
  • Instrumental and value rationality
rdfs:comment
  • Instrumental rationality and value rationality are two human capacities for reasoning that philosophers and social scientists call rational. Instrumental rationality is an actor's capacity to choose means as instruments for coping with conditions to achieve temporary ends desired by the actor. Value rationality is an actor's capacity to choose ends somehow prescribed as permanently right in themselves. The noun rationality unmodified by adjectives generally means all mental capacities for knowing good reasons for choosing means to employ and ends to pursue, as the following quotes demonstrate.
  • العقل الأدتي في الفلسفة الإجتماعية يقصد به ذلك النمط من التفكير الذي يعرف مشكلة ما و يسعى لحلها مباشرة دون تساؤل عن مضمون هذه الحلول و الغايات وما إذا كانت إنسانية أو معادية للإنسان . .العقلانية الأداتية موضوع دراسة لكل من علم الإجتماع و الفلسفة الإجتماعية و النظرية النقدية ، و أشهر ناقد ربما للعقل الأداتي هو الفيلسوف الألماني الوجودي مارتن هايدجر الذي يحاجج أن أكبر خطر يحدق بالإنسان الحديث هو العلاقة الأداتية التي تربطهم مع العالم القائمة على السيطرة على الطبيعة و الإنسان .وجه هوركهايمر و أدورنو في كتاب جدل التنوير انتقادات لهذه العقلانية الأداتية و وفي محاولة تفسير هيمنة العقل الأداتي على المجتمعات الغربية الحديثة، يرى ممثلو مدرسة فرانكفورت أن أحد أهم أسباب ظهوره هو آليات التبادل المجردة في المجتمع الرأسمالي .يقول هابرماس عن نقد رواد مدرسة فرانكفورت للعقل الأداتي أن هذا النّقد هو تعبير
sameAs
dct:subject
Wikipage page ID
Wikipage revision ID
Link from a Wikipage to another Wikipage
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
prov:wasDerivedFrom
has abstract
  • العقل الأدتي في الفلسفة الإجتماعية يقصد به ذلك النمط من التفكير الذي يعرف مشكلة ما و يسعى لحلها مباشرة دون تساؤل عن مضمون هذه الحلول و الغايات وما إذا كانت إنسانية أو معادية للإنسان . .العقلانية الأداتية موضوع دراسة لكل من علم الإجتماع و الفلسفة الإجتماعية و النظرية النقدية ، و أشهر ناقد ربما للعقل الأداتي هو الفيلسوف الألماني الوجودي مارتن هايدجر الذي يحاجج أن أكبر خطر يحدق بالإنسان الحديث هو العلاقة الأداتية التي تربطهم مع العالم القائمة على السيطرة على الطبيعة و الإنسان .وجه هوركهايمر و أدورنو في كتاب جدل التنوير انتقادات لهذه العقلانية الأداتية و وفي محاولة تفسير هيمنة العقل الأداتي على المجتمعات الغربية الحديثة، يرى ممثلو مدرسة فرانكفورت أن أحد أهم أسباب ظهوره هو آليات التبادل المجردة في المجتمع الرأسمالي .يقول هابرماس عن نقد رواد مدرسة فرانكفورت للعقل الأداتي أن هذا النّقد هو تعبير عن التشضي وعن الانكسار وعن التشاؤم الذي ساد عند رواد المدرسة النّقديّة جراء توالي الإخفاقات وأشكال الفشل التي عايشوها خلال الأربعينات من القرن العشرين
  • Instrumental rationality and value rationality are two human capacities for reasoning that philosophers and social scientists call rational. Instrumental rationality is an actor's capacity to choose means as instruments for coping with conditions to achieve temporary ends desired by the actor. Value rationality is an actor's capacity to choose ends somehow prescribed as permanently right in themselves. The noun rationality unmodified by adjectives generally means all mental capacities for knowing good reasons for choosing means to employ and ends to pursue, as the following quotes demonstrate. The rationality of beliefs and actions is a theme usually dealt with in philosophy. One could even say that philosophical thought originates in reflection on the reason embodied in cognition, speech, and action; and reason remains its basic theme.Rationality provides us with the (potential) power to investigate and discover anything and everything; it enables us to control and direct our behavior through reasons and the utilization of principles.Rationality is interpreted here ... as the discipline of subjecting one's choices—of actions as well as of objectives, values and priorities—to reasoned scrutiny. Naming two rational capacities "instrumental" and "value" was prompted by sociologist Max Weber's identification of them as generic motives for rational behavior. He argued that instrumental rationality—choosing means to achieve temporary ends—motivates instrumentally rational action, and that value rationality—choosing permanent ends valuable in themselves—motivates value-rational action: Social action, like all action, may be...: (1) instrumentally rational (Zweckrational), that is, determined by expectations as to the behavior of objects in the environment and of other human beings; these expectations are used as "conditions" or "means" for the attainment of the actor's own rationally pursued and calculated ends; (2) value-rational (Wertrational), that is, determined by a conscious belief in the value for its own sake of some ethical, aesthetic, religious, or other form of behavior, independently of its prospects of success; ... Jürgen Habermas has captioned Weber's distinction "nonpublic and actor-relative reasons" and "publicly defensible and actor-independent reasons." Amitai Etzioni uses Weber's caption "instrumental rationality," but prefers to replace it with "logical-empirical" reasoning," and revises Weber's "value rationality" by linking values and emotions with the caption "normative-affective" reasoning." This article exemplifies the meaning of instrumental and value rationality by examining some writings of four scholars: the practice of John Rawls and Robert Nozick, and the critique of James Gouinlock and Amartya Sen. Related articles explain actions motivated by rationality—Instrumental and value-rational action—and criteria of judgment attributed to rationality—Instrumental value. Other articles concerned with rationality are Ethics, Discourse ethics, Pragmatic ethics, Practical reason, Justice, and Distributive justice.
is Link from a Wikipage to another Wikipage of
is Wikipage redirect of
is foaf:primaryTopic of
Faceted Search & Find service v1.17_git39 as of Aug 09 2019


Alternative Linked Data Documents: PivotViewer | iSPARQL | ODE     Content Formats:       RDF       ODATA       Microdata      About   
This material is Open Knowledge   W3C Semantic Web Technology [RDF Data] Valid XHTML + RDFa
OpenLink Virtuoso version 07.20.3235 as of Jun 25 2020, on Linux (x86_64-generic-linux-glibc25), Single-Server Edition (61 GB total memory)
Data on this page belongs to its respective rights holders.
Virtuoso Faceted Browser Copyright © 2009-2020 OpenLink Software