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The insect ecology is the scientific study of how insects, individually or as a community, interact with the surrounding environment or ecosystem. Insects play significant roles in the ecology of the world due to their vast diversity of form, function and life-style; their considerable biomass; and their interaction with plant life, other organisms and the environment. Since they are the major contributor to biodiversity in the majority of habitats, except in the sea, they accordingly play a variety of extremely important ecological roles in the many functions of an eco-system. Taking the case of nutrient recycling; insects contribute to this vital function by degrading or consuming leaf litter, wood, carrion and dung and by dispersal of fungi.

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  • Insect ecology
  • Écologie des insectes forestiers
  • Экология насекомых
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  • Экология насекомых — наука о том, как насекомые, индивидуально или в сообществе, взаимодействуют с окружающей средой или экосистемой. Насекомые — это самая крупная по видовому разнообразию группа животных (их не менее двух миллионов видов, что численно больше, чем всех прочих животных и растений вместе взятых). Согласно расчету К. Б. Уильямса (С. В.Williams), насекомые и самые многочисленные по количеству особей: на планете их не менее 1018 особей. Суммарная биомасса лишь одной стаи саранчи по массе может превосходить 10 000 тонн.
  • L'écologie des insectes forestiers est la science qui s'intéresse aux relations entre les insectes et les forêts.Les insectes forestiers sont nombreux au sein de l'écosystème forestier et possèdent différents comportement alimentaires. Certains sont détriticoles, c'est-à-dire qu'ils se nourrissent de détritus, d'autres sont zoophages (carnivores), ils se nourrissent d'animaux. Les carabes par exemple se nourrissent de mollusques (limaces, escargots), d'insectes (pucerons, larves de taupin, etc.). D'autres encore peuvent être phytophages et se nourrir à partir de végétaux. Certains sont saprophages et se nourrissent de la matière en décomposition comme les larves de diptères : la mouche de la Saint Marc (Bibio marci). Les insectes forestiers peuvent être rhizophages, ils se nourrissent des
  • The insect ecology is the scientific study of how insects, individually or as a community, interact with the surrounding environment or ecosystem. Insects play significant roles in the ecology of the world due to their vast diversity of form, function and life-style; their considerable biomass; and their interaction with plant life, other organisms and the environment. Since they are the major contributor to biodiversity in the majority of habitats, except in the sea, they accordingly play a variety of extremely important ecological roles in the many functions of an eco-system. Taking the case of nutrient recycling; insects contribute to this vital function by degrading or consuming leaf litter, wood, carrion and dung and by dispersal of fungi.
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  • L'écologie des insectes forestiers est la science qui s'intéresse aux relations entre les insectes et les forêts.Les insectes forestiers sont nombreux au sein de l'écosystème forestier et possèdent différents comportement alimentaires. Certains sont détriticoles, c'est-à-dire qu'ils se nourrissent de détritus, d'autres sont zoophages (carnivores), ils se nourrissent d'animaux. Les carabes par exemple se nourrissent de mollusques (limaces, escargots), d'insectes (pucerons, larves de taupin, etc.). D'autres encore peuvent être phytophages et se nourrir à partir de végétaux. Certains sont saprophages et se nourrissent de la matière en décomposition comme les larves de diptères : la mouche de la Saint Marc (Bibio marci). Les insectes forestiers peuvent être rhizophages, ils se nourrissent des racines. Les larves des charançons du fraisier au Canada peuvent causer des blessures sérieuses aux racines des conifères.
  • Экология насекомых — наука о том, как насекомые, индивидуально или в сообществе, взаимодействуют с окружающей средой или экосистемой. Насекомые — это самая крупная по видовому разнообразию группа животных (их не менее двух миллионов видов, что численно больше, чем всех прочих животных и растений вместе взятых). Согласно расчету К. Б. Уильямса (С. В.Williams), насекомые и самые многочисленные по количеству особей: на планете их не менее 1018 особей. Суммарная биомасса лишь одной стаи саранчи по массе может превосходить 10 000 тонн.
  • The insect ecology is the scientific study of how insects, individually or as a community, interact with the surrounding environment or ecosystem. Insects play significant roles in the ecology of the world due to their vast diversity of form, function and life-style; their considerable biomass; and their interaction with plant life, other organisms and the environment. Since they are the major contributor to biodiversity in the majority of habitats, except in the sea, they accordingly play a variety of extremely important ecological roles in the many functions of an eco-system. Taking the case of nutrient recycling; insects contribute to this vital function by degrading or consuming leaf litter, wood, carrion and dung and by dispersal of fungi. Insects form an important part of the food chain, especially for entomophagous vertebrates such as many mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles. Insects play an important role in maintaining community structure and composition; in the case of animals by transmission of diseases, predation and parasitism, and in the case of plants, through phytophagy and by plant propagation through pollination and seed dispersal. From an anthropocentric point of view, insects compete with humans; they consume as much as 10% of the food produced by man and infect one in six humans with a pathogen.
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