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Human mitochondrial genetics is the study of the genetics of human mitochondrial DNA (the DNA contained in human mitochondria). The human mitochondrial genome is the entirety of hereditary information contained in human mitochondria. Mitochondria are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to use, and are hence referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell. Mitochondrial inheritance is therefore non-Mendelian, as Mendelian inheritance presumes that half the genetic material of a fertilized egg (zygote) derives from each parent.

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  • Human mitochondrial genetics
  • Génome mitochondrial humain
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  • Le génome mitochondrial humain désigne le génome mitochondrial, soit le matériel génétique des mitochondries, propre à l'espèce humaine. En génétique des populations et en théorie de l'évolution, ce génome est particulièrement étudié, car il permet de remonter des lignées féminines puisqu'il n'est transmis que par la mère. Son pendant masculin étant l'Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup (en). Ce génome est particulièrement étudié en médecine, notamment dans le cadre des maladies génétiques, car il permet de retracer l'origine familiale d'une maladie.
  • Human mitochondrial genetics is the study of the genetics of human mitochondrial DNA (the DNA contained in human mitochondria). The human mitochondrial genome is the entirety of hereditary information contained in human mitochondria. Mitochondria are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to use, and are hence referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell. Mitochondrial inheritance is therefore non-Mendelian, as Mendelian inheritance presumes that half the genetic material of a fertilized egg (zygote) derives from each parent.
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