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The history of education in England can be documented to the Anglo-Saxons' settlement of England. During the Middle Ages, schools were established to teach Latin grammar to the sons of the aristocracy, as part of preparation also for the entry of some into the clergy and religious orders. The church preserved literacy and learning during this period, and education was closely tied to the religious vocation, in order to read the Bible and related documents. Apprenticeship was the main way for youths to enter practical occupations. Two universities were established in affiliation with the church: the University of Oxford, followed by the University of Cambridge, both related closely to training for clergy. A reformed system of "free grammar schools" was established in the reign of Edward VI.

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  • History of education in England
  • イングランドの教育史
  • История народного образования в Англии
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  • イングランドの教育史は、アングロ・サクソン人のイングランド移住あるいはローマ帝国の属州であるブリタンニアまでさかのぼることができる。中世には、徒弟制度が実際の仕事に就くための主な方法だった一方で、ラテン語の文法を教えるための学校が設立された。また、オックスフォード大学とケンブリッジ大学の2大学も設定された。エドワード6世の治世には、改良されたシステムとしてfree grammer schoolが設立された。 19世紀では、世紀の終わり間近に自由義務教育が設立まで、イングランド国教会がほとんどの学校の責任を持った。また、ユニヴァーシティ・カレッジ・ロンドンとキングス・カレッジ・ロンドンが設立され、この二つの大学はロンドン大学を形成した。ダラム大学も19世紀世紀はじめに設立され、この世紀の終わりにはred brick university(赤れんが大学)群が設置された。 イギリス1944年教育法により、グラマースクール、Secondary modern school、Secondary Technical SchoolからなるTripartite System(三分制)が設立された。
  • The history of education in England can be documented to the Anglo-Saxons' settlement of England. During the Middle Ages, schools were established to teach Latin grammar to the sons of the aristocracy, as part of preparation also for the entry of some into the clergy and religious orders. The church preserved literacy and learning during this period, and education was closely tied to the religious vocation, in order to read the Bible and related documents. Apprenticeship was the main way for youths to enter practical occupations. Two universities were established in affiliation with the church: the University of Oxford, followed by the University of Cambridge, both related closely to training for clergy. A reformed system of "free grammar schools" was established in the reign of Edward VI.
  • История народного образования в Англии может быть прослежена со времён заселения Англии англо-саксами и даже ранее, ко временам римского владычества. В Средние века школы открывались для обучения латинской грамматике, в то время как основным способом овладения практическими навыками было ученичество в подмастерьях. Было открыто два университета: в Оксфорде, а за ним в Кембридже. В царствование Эдуарда VI была создана система бесплатных школ грамоты (англ. grammar schools, в русском языке также называются «грамматическими школами»).
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