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History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty is the period in the history of Poland that spans the late Middle Ages and early Modern Era. Beginning with the Lithuanian Grand Duke Jogaila (Władysław II Jagiełło), the Jagiellonian dynasty (1386–1572) formed the Polish–Lithuanian union. The partnership brought vast Lithuania-controlled Rus' areas into Poland's sphere of influence and proved beneficial for the Poles and Lithuanians, who coexisted and cooperated in one of the largest political entities in Europe for the next four centuries.

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  • 雅盖隆王朝时期的波兰
  • History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty
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  • 雅盖隆王朝时期是波兰历史上的一个时期,从中世纪晚期延伸至近代早期。自立陶宛大公约盖拉(瓦迪斯瓦夫·雅盖沃)登上波兰王位起,雅盖隆王朝(1386年-1572年)逐步形成了波兰立陶宛联盟。波兰与立陶宛之间的伙伴关系将立陶宛所控制的幅员辽阔的鲁塞尼亚地区纳入波兰势力范围,而历史也证明这种关系对波兰人和立陶宛人都有利,在接下来的四个世纪中,这两个民族在这欧洲最大的政治实体之一中和平共存互相合作。 在波罗的海地区,波兰与条顿骑士团之间的冲突仍在继续。其中,1410年格伦瓦德之战爆发,条顿骑士团战败,1466年卡齐米日四世在位时双方签署具里程碑意义的索恩和约;这份和约促成后来的普鲁士公国的产生。波兰在南方应对奥斯曼帝国和克里米亚鞑靼人,在东面帮助立陶宛与莫斯科大公国作战。波兰与立陶宛的领土延伸至利沃尼亚的极北。 波兰逐渐发展为封建国家,农业占主导地位,而地主阶级也逐渐居统治地位。1505年,波兰瑟姆(国会)通过“无共识则无新议”法案,将君主的绝大部分立法权转交给瑟姆。这一事件标志着“贵族民主制”时期的开始,在这一时期,国家由“自由且平等”的波兰贵族统治。 宗教革命运动在波兰有着长足进展,令波兰发展出在当时独一无二的宗教宽容政策。欧洲的文艺复兴潮流为雅盖隆王朝晚期(齐格蒙特一世与齐格蒙特二世)带来极大的文化繁荣。
  • History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty is the period in the history of Poland that spans the late Middle Ages and early Modern Era. Beginning with the Lithuanian Grand Duke Jogaila (Władysław II Jagiełło), the Jagiellonian dynasty (1386–1572) formed the Polish–Lithuanian union. The partnership brought vast Lithuania-controlled Rus' areas into Poland's sphere of influence and proved beneficial for the Poles and Lithuanians, who coexisted and cooperated in one of the largest political entities in Europe for the next four centuries.
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