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The anonymous Historia Compostelana is based on the relation of events by a writer in the immediate circle of Diego Gelmírez, second bishop (1100–1120) then first archbishop (1120–1140) of Compostela, one of the major figures of the Middle Ages in Galicia. The narrative of the Historia Compostelana spans the years 1100 – 1139, the years of Gelmírez' tenure, in three books. Its twofold central agenda is to extol the Archbishop's doings, while establishing the foundation and rights of Santiago de Compostela, including its founding legend, which provided apostolic connections with Saint James the Great. The bishopric had been transferred from Iria Flavia to Compostela as recently as 1095.

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  • Historia Compostelana
  • Historia compostelana
  • Historia Compostelana
  • Historia Compostelana
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  • Il De rebus gestis D. Didaci Gelmirez, primi Compostellani Archiepiscopi, Historia Compostellana o, più brevemente, Historia Compostellana è un'opera in lingua latina scritta a partire dal 1109 all'interno del "circolo" del primo vescovo e successivamente, a partire dall'anno 1120, dall'arcivescovo (1120–1140) di Santiago de Compostela, Diego Xelmírez, una delle figure più eminenti del medioevo galiziano.
  • The anonymous Historia Compostelana is based on the relation of events by a writer in the immediate circle of Diego Gelmírez, second bishop (1100–1120) then first archbishop (1120–1140) of Compostela, one of the major figures of the Middle Ages in Galicia. The narrative of the Historia Compostelana spans the years 1100 – 1139, the years of Gelmírez' tenure, in three books. Its twofold central agenda is to extol the Archbishop's doings, while establishing the foundation and rights of Santiago de Compostela, including its founding legend, which provided apostolic connections with Saint James the Great. The bishopric had been transferred from Iria Flavia to Compostela as recently as 1095.
  • La Historia compostelana es una crónica del siglo XII, redactada aproximadamente entre 1107 y 1149, escrita en latín que recoge las empresas de Diego Gelmírez, arzobispo de Santiago de Compostela desde 1120. La obra fue publicada por primera vez en 1765 por Enrique Flórez integrada en su monumental España sagrada.
  • De rebus gestis D. Didaci Gelmirez, primi Compostellani Archiepiscopi, Historia Compostelana ou História Compostelana é um manuscrito em latim, confeccionado a partir de 1109, dentro do círculo do primeiro bispo e depois, a partir do ano de 1120, que recolhe as empresas de Diego Gelmires, arcebispo de Santiago de Compostela.
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  • La Historia compostelana es una crónica del siglo XII, redactada aproximadamente entre 1107 y 1149, escrita en latín que recoge las empresas de Diego Gelmírez, arzobispo de Santiago de Compostela desde 1120. La obra fue publicada por primera vez en 1765 por Enrique Flórez integrada en su monumental España sagrada. La crónica está compuesta por dieciocho manuscritos organizados en tres libros y fue emprendida por iniciativa del propio Diego Gelmírez como un registro de la iglesia de Santiago de Compostela, cuyo fin es exaltar la vida y obras del obispo y luego arzobispo de la sede compostelana entre 1100 y 1140 para fundamentar los derechos y dominios de la archidiócesis. Sin embargo la obra contiene una crónica del reino de León que comprende los reinados de Alfonso VI, Urraca y Alfonso VII e incluye transcripciones de documentos pertinentes a los hechos que narra, lo que la convierte en un documento historiográfico de primer orden para abordar el estudio de la primera mitad del siglo XII.
  • The anonymous Historia Compostelana is based on the relation of events by a writer in the immediate circle of Diego Gelmírez, second bishop (1100–1120) then first archbishop (1120–1140) of Compostela, one of the major figures of the Middle Ages in Galicia. The narrative of the Historia Compostelana spans the years 1100 – 1139, the years of Gelmírez' tenure, in three books. Its twofold central agenda is to extol the Archbishop's doings, while establishing the foundation and rights of Santiago de Compostela, including its founding legend, which provided apostolic connections with Saint James the Great. The bishopric had been transferred from Iria Flavia to Compostela as recently as 1095. From a Galician perspective the Historia recounts the reigns of the contemporary sovereigns of Castile: Alfonso VI (until 1109), Urraca (1109–1126) and Alfonso VII (from 1126). "A very complex work of multiple authorship, it must be used with care, for it is essentially an episcopal gesta of Diego Gelmírez, bishop and then archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, and very partisan in its commentary," is the assessment of the major historian of this period, Bernard F. Reilly. In the context of Hispanic historiography in Latin it is unique for narrating contemporary events, utilizing documents inserted in the text, giving it great historical value. Its title in Latin is De rebus gestis D. Didaci Gelmirez, primi Compostellani Archiepiscopi but it has been known simply as the Historia Compostelana since the 18th century.
  • Il De rebus gestis D. Didaci Gelmirez, primi Compostellani Archiepiscopi, Historia Compostellana o, più brevemente, Historia Compostellana è un'opera in lingua latina scritta a partire dal 1109 all'interno del "circolo" del primo vescovo e successivamente, a partire dall'anno 1120, dall'arcivescovo (1120–1140) di Santiago de Compostela, Diego Xelmírez, una delle figure più eminenti del medioevo galiziano.
  • De rebus gestis D. Didaci Gelmirez, primi Compostellani Archiepiscopi, Historia Compostelana ou História Compostelana é um manuscrito em latim, confeccionado a partir de 1109, dentro do círculo do primeiro bispo e depois, a partir do ano de 1120, que recolhe as empresas de Diego Gelmires, arcebispo de Santiago de Compostela. A obra pretendeu registrar os feitos realizados por Gelmires para engrandecer a Sé Apostólica e dá uma perspectiva, a partir da Galiza, dos sucessos que aconteceram no seu tempo, constituindo-se numa fonte historiográfica de grande valor ao transcrever documentos históricos no próprio texto. A "História Compostelana" abrange o período entre 1100 e 1139 e está repartida em três livros. O seu primeiro redator foi Nuno Afonso, cônego da catedral de Santiago, que iniciou o trabalho após a morte do rei Afonso VI de Leão (1109), embora contasse com vários colaboradores, nomeadamente Hugo (cônego compostelano de origem francesa, que seria bispo do Porto) e Giraldo de Beauvais, amigos pessoais de Gelmires. Giraldo redigiu a maior parte do trabalho, prosseguindo-o a partir de 1120. Outros colaboradores foram Pedro Anaia e possivelmente, Rainério, o "magister".
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  • "Aragonese deliver the castle to the queen. Oh!!, How much military glory gave to Galicians that day when the Aragonese king escaped in front of them!. But much was more excellent and cheerful when the brave forces of Galicia protected Castile and its knights from attack by enemies and forced to take back the Castle occupied by the Aragonese. Oh shame!!, the Castilians need foreign forces and are protected by the audacity of the Galicians!. What will happen with these cowardly knights when the Galicia's armies -their shield and protection- leave?."
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  • Historia Compostellana, Book I, Chapter 90
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