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Hereditary elliptocytosis, also known as ovalocytosis, is an inherited blood disorder in which an abnormally large number of the patient's erythrocytes (i.e. red blood cells) are elliptical rather than the typical biconcave disc shape. Such morphologically distinctive erythrocytes are sometimes referred to as elliptocytes or ovalocytes. It is one of many red-cell membrane defects. In its severe forms, this disorder predisposes to haemolytic anaemia. Although pathological in humans, elliptocytosis is normal in camelids.

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  • Hereditary elliptocytosis
  • Eliptocitosis hereditaria
  • Elliptocytose héréditaire
  • Ellissocitosi ereditaria
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  • Hereditary elliptocytosis, also known as ovalocytosis, is an inherited blood disorder in which an abnormally large number of the patient's erythrocytes (i.e. red blood cells) are elliptical rather than the typical biconcave disc shape. Such morphologically distinctive erythrocytes are sometimes referred to as elliptocytes or ovalocytes. It is one of many red-cell membrane defects. In its severe forms, this disorder predisposes to haemolytic anaemia. Although pathological in humans, elliptocytosis is normal in camelids.
  • Se denomina eliptocitosis hereditaria a una enfermedad hereditaria de la sangre que se caracterizan por que los pacientes presentan unos hematíes o glóbulos rojos de forma elíptica en lugar de circular. Estas células se llaman eliptocitos. Los síntomas son muy variables, pero en las formas graves existe gran predisposición a la existencia de anemia hemolítica.
  • L' ellissocitosi ereditaria è una malattia autosomica dominante che causa un'alterazione caratteristica delle emazie. I globuli rossi assumono una forma ovale o ellittica. Tale disordine diventa a sua volta un fattore di rischio elevato per l'anemia emolitica.
  • Elliptocytose héréditaireFichier:Elliptocytosis.jpg Frottis sanguin montrant une elliptocytose, avec des globules rouges en forme d'ellipse L'elliptocytose est une affection hématologique rare caractérisée par des anomalies du cytosquelette des hématies qui prennent une forme d'ellipse. Il s'agit d'une maladie génétique à transmission autosomique dominante et résulte d'une mutation des gènes de protéines constituant le cytosquelette des hématies : alpha- ou béta-spectrines par exemple. Les manifestations sont très disparates jusqu'à l'anémie hémolytique.
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