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Hawks are a group of medium-sized diurnal birds of prey of the family Accipitridae which are widely distributed and varying greatly in size. * The subfamily Accipitrinae includes goshawks, sparrowhawks, the sharp-shinned hawk and others. These are mainly woodland birds with long tails and high visual acuity, hunting by sudden dashes from a concealed perch. * In the Americas, members of the Buteo group are also called hawks; these are called buzzards in other parts of the world. Generally buteos have broad wings and sturdy builds. They are relatively larger winged, shorter-tailed and soar more extensively in open areas than accipiters, descending or pouncing on their prey rather than making fast horizontal pursuit.

AttributesValues
rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Hawk
  • باز (طائر)
  • Buse (oiseau)
  • Gavião
rdfs:comment
  • الباز، ومعروف بالبرني فيشمالأفريقيا[بحاجة لمصدر]، هو طائر جارح طويل الذيل وحاد البصر، يعيش في الغابات، ويصطاد بالانقضاض على الفريسة بسرعة كبيرة من مكان مرتفع ومخفي. ويستخدم مصطلح الباز أحيانا للدلالة على الصقر، وهو طائر مختلف تماما عن الباز، حيث يتبع الصقر فصيلة الصقريات، بينما يتبع الباز فصيلة البازية.
  • Le terme Buse est le nom vernaculaire donné à certains rapaces diurnes, de la famille des Accipitridae. Ils se composent essentiellement des espèces du genre Buteo mais on trouve des buses réparties dans huit autres genres de la même famille. L'espèce la plus connue est la Buse variable.
  • 鷹(たか)とは、タカ目タカ科に属する鳥のうち比較的小さ目のものを指す通称で、鳥類の一種である。オオタカ、ハイタカ、クマタカなどの種がいる。タカ科に分類される種にて比較的大きいものをワシ(鷲,Eagle)、小さめのものをタカ(鷹, Hawk)と呼び分けているが、明確な区別ではなく慣習に従って呼び分けているに過ぎない。また大きさからも明確に分けられているわけでもない。例えばクマタカはタカ科の中でも大型の種であり大きさからはワシ類といえるし、カンムリワシは大きさはノスリ程度であるからタカ類といってもおかしくない。
  • Gavião é o nome popular dado a várias espécies de aves falconiformes pertencentes às famílias Accipitridae e Falconidae, em particular dos gêneros Leucopternis, Buteo e Buteogallus. São aves geralmente identificadas pelo tamanho, de médio a pequeno porte, em relação a outras aves de rapina. Dotadas de asas curtas, são adaptadas à predação em espaços fechados. Esta designação não corresponde a nenhuma classe taxonômica e pode acontecer que dentro do mesmo gênero haja espécies chamadas gavião e outras com o nome de águia. De uma forma geral, os gaviões têm uma distribuição bastante vasta, que inclui todos os continentes com exceção da Antártida.
  • 鹰(英语:Hawk)在鳥類的分類上指鷹屬(英语:Accipiter)的猛禽,也是小型鷹科猛禽的泛稱。而中文中較廣義不準確的用法也將鹰科、较大的隼科與鴞形目的鸟类俗称为鹰。 鷹為肉食性,嘴弯曲锐利,脚爪具有钩爪,性凶猛,食物包括小型哺乳动物、爬行动物、其他鸟类以及鱼类,白天活动。牠們還有極為銳利的視力使牠們非常善於狩獵。鷹可以從很遠的地方,看見可能的獵物,這樣特殊的視力主要是因為它們有極大而且特殊的瞳孔,可以讓進入眼睛的光線產生的繞射達到最小的程度。鷹的雌鳥體型通常比雄鳥大。 年幼的鷹會被親鳥餵養至足以離開巢中,年輕的鷹會在約6周大的時候離巢,以本能來捕獵。鷹以腳爪來殺死獵物,而隼則是用腳爪抓取獵物,用喙殺死獵物。雖然鷹一般被描述成是暴力的掠食者,但有些種類的習性是優雅而安靜的。鷹最喜好在夜晚將近,天色開始變暗時的白天狩獵。鷹的移動方式主要是靠飛行,首先迅速地拍翅,接著開始滑翔。鷹在求偶後會共同照顧蛋直到蛋孵化。有些鷹的物種則是傾向終生只會有一個配偶。
  • Hawks are a group of medium-sized diurnal birds of prey of the family Accipitridae which are widely distributed and varying greatly in size. * The subfamily Accipitrinae includes goshawks, sparrowhawks, the sharp-shinned hawk and others. These are mainly woodland birds with long tails and high visual acuity, hunting by sudden dashes from a concealed perch. * In the Americas, members of the Buteo group are also called hawks; these are called buzzards in other parts of the world. Generally buteos have broad wings and sturdy builds. They are relatively larger winged, shorter-tailed and soar more extensively in open areas than accipiters, descending or pouncing on their prey rather than making fast horizontal pursuit.
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