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The harm principle holds that the actions of individuals should only be limited to prevent harm to other individuals. John Stuart Mill articulated this principle in On Liberty, where he argued that, "The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others." An equivalent was earlier stated in France's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 as, "Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law."

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  • Harm principle
  • Harm principle
  • 愚行権
  • Schadebeginsel
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  • The harm principle holds that the actions of individuals should only be limited to prevent harm to other individuals. John Stuart Mill articulated this principle in On Liberty, where he argued that, "The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others." An equivalent was earlier stated in France's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 as, "Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law."
  • Schadebeginsel is de opvatting dat iemands vrijheid alleen beperkt mag worden voor zover dat nodig is om te verhinderen dat hij anderen schaadt. De klassieke uiteenzetting van het schadebeginsel heeft John Stuart Mill in On Liberty gegeven. Eerdere aanzetten voor deze gedachte waren al terug te vinden in Second Treatise on Government van John Locke en Ideen zu einem Versuch die Grenzen der Wirksamheit des Staates zu bestimmen van Wilhelm von Humboldt.
  • 愚行権(ぐこうけん、英語: the right to do what is wrong/the right of(to) stupidity)とは、たとえ他の人から「愚かでつむじ曲りの過ちだ」と評価・判断される行為であっても、個人の領域に関する限り邪魔されない自由のこと。
  • Le Harm principle (traduit principe de non-nuisance ou principe du tort) est un principe de philosophie politique et morale. Il énonce que la société ne peut contraindre un individu contre sa volonté que pour une seule raison : empêcher de causer du tort à autrui (to prevent harm to others). L'expression "harm principle" n'est pas de Mill lui-même. Elle a été forgée par Joel Feinberg en 1973.
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  • The harm principle holds that the actions of individuals should only be limited to prevent harm to other individuals. John Stuart Mill articulated this principle in On Liberty, where he argued that, "The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others." An equivalent was earlier stated in France's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 as, "Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law."
  • Le Harm principle (traduit principe de non-nuisance ou principe du tort) est un principe de philosophie politique et morale. Il énonce que la société ne peut contraindre un individu contre sa volonté que pour une seule raison : empêcher de causer du tort à autrui (to prevent harm to others). Il a été formulé par John Stuart Mill dans son ouvrage De la liberté en 1859. Selon Mill, la société n'a rien à objecter aux comportements individuels qui ne concernent pas autrui. Contraindre ou punir quelqu'un pour son propre bien n'est pas légitime. On peut l'inciter à adopter un comportement "sage" ou "meilleur pour lui", mais pas le forcer à agir. Le harm principle est très influent au sein de la tradition libérale, qui l'interprète souvent comme un principe uniquement politique. Il pose néanmoins des difficultés d'interprétations. La définition du tort (harm) et d'autrui (others) font l'objet de débats et plusieurs compréhensions du harm principle existent. L'expression "harm principle" n'est pas de Mill lui-même. Elle a été forgée par Joel Feinberg en 1973.
  • Schadebeginsel is de opvatting dat iemands vrijheid alleen beperkt mag worden voor zover dat nodig is om te verhinderen dat hij anderen schaadt. De klassieke uiteenzetting van het schadebeginsel heeft John Stuart Mill in On Liberty gegeven. Eerdere aanzetten voor deze gedachte waren al terug te vinden in Second Treatise on Government van John Locke en Ideen zu einem Versuch die Grenzen der Wirksamheit des Staates zu bestimmen van Wilhelm von Humboldt.
  • 愚行権(ぐこうけん、英語: the right to do what is wrong/the right of(to) stupidity)とは、たとえ他の人から「愚かでつむじ曲りの過ちだ」と評価・判断される行為であっても、個人の領域に関する限り邪魔されない自由のこと。
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