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The guilds of Florence were secular corporations that controlled the arts and trades in Florence from the twelfth into the sixteenth century. These Arti included seven major guilds (collectively known as the arti maggiori), five middle guilds (arti mediane) and nine minor guilds (arti minori). Their rigorous quality control and the political role in the commune that the Art Maggiori assumed were formative influences in the history of Florence, which became one of the richest cities of late Medieval Europe.

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  • Gilden und Zünfte in Florenz
  • Corporations d'arts et métiers médiévales (Florence, Italie)
  • Arti di Firenze
  • フィレンツェのギルド
  • Guilds of Florence
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  • Le Arti di Firenze iniziano a costituirsi come corporazioni delle arti e mestieri tra il XII ed il XIII secolo; si trattava di associazioni laiche nate per la difesa ed il perseguimento di scopi comuni che riunivano gli appartenenti ad una stessa categoria professionale o chi esercitava lo stesso mestiere ed a cui va attribuita la buona parte del merito per lo straordinario sviluppo economico che permise a Firenze di diventare una delle più ricche e potenti città del medioevo europeo.
  • フィレンツェのアルティ(イタリア語:Arti di Firenze)とは、12世紀から16世紀にかけてフィレンツェの商業と品質管理の為に結成された同業者組合(ギルド)であり、後に中世ヨーロッパの歴史で最も裕福な都市であったフィレンツェにおいて重要な政治的役割を持つようになる組織集団の事である。
  • Im Florenz des 13. Jahrhunderts entstanden Gilden oder Zünfte, die als „Künste“ bezeichnet wurden und die in die „höheren Künste“, die Arti maggiori (die „edlen“ Berufe) und in die „niederen Künste“, die Arti minori (die einfacheren Handwerke wie Schmied, Schuhmacher, Steinmetz) unterteilt wurden. 1770 schaffte Leopold II. (HRR) die Florentiner Zünfte ab.
  • L’Arte (pluriel Arti) est, depuis le Moyen Âge, l'ensemble des gestes précis concernant une pratique maîtrisée entre la science théorique et la pratique spontanée et va prendre son sens définitif connu aujourd'hui (Beaux-Arts).Le mot s'applique donc d'abord pour la maîtrise d'une activité artisanale et ses savoirs transmis par les associations (guildes) ou les corporations des métiers qui protègent ainsi leurs savoir-faire, leurs secrets de fabrication, leur groupe.L'implication de ces corporations est d'abord économique, ensuite politique, mais aussi artistique par le soutien à certains artistes ().
  • The guilds of Florence were secular corporations that controlled the arts and trades in Florence from the twelfth into the sixteenth century. These Arti included seven major guilds (collectively known as the arti maggiori), five middle guilds (arti mediane) and nine minor guilds (arti minori). Their rigorous quality control and the political role in the commune that the Art Maggiori assumed were formative influences in the history of Florence, which became one of the richest cities of late Medieval Europe.
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