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The Faiyum Oasis (Arabic: واحة الفيوم‎‎ Waḥet El Fayyum) is a depression or basin in the desert immediately to the west of the Nile south of Cairo. The extent of the basin area is estimated at between 1,270 km² (490 mi²) and 1700 km² (656 mi²). The basin floor comprises fields watered by a channel of the Nile, the Bahr Yussef, as it drains into a desert depression to the west of the Nile Valley. The Bahr Yussef veers west through a narrow neck of land north of Ihnasya, between the archaeological sites of El Lahun and Gurob near Hawara; it then branches out, providing rich agricultural land in the Faiyum basin, draining into the large saltwater Lake Moeris (Birket Qarun). The lake was freshwater in prehistory but is today a saltwater lake. It is a source for tilapia and other fish for the l

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Fayyum-Becken
  • Oasis du Fayoum
  • Faiyum Oasis
  • Fajum
  • Oásis de Fayum
  • Эль-Файюм (оазис)
rdfs:comment
  • Das Fayyum-Becken, auch Fayum, Fajum, Fajjum oder Faijum (arabisch الفيوم al-Fayyūm; koptisch pa iom „der See“), ist ein oasenartiges Becken im Gouvernement al-Fayyum in Ägypten (Afrika), an das im Nordwesten der Qarun-See anschließt. Dieses Oasen-Gebiet war bereits in antiker Zeit bekannt (Herodot und andere). Herausragend sind ferner die wissenschaftlich bedeutenden Fayyum-Fossilien aus dem ausgehenden Eozän und dem beginnenden Oligozän vor 40 bis 30 Millionen Jahren.
  • L'oasis du Fayoum (ou oasis Al-Fayoum) est une dépression dans le désert située géographiquement immédiatement à l'ouest du Nil au sud du Caire, la capitale de l'Égypte.
  • Fajum (arab. الفيوم, w transkrypcji ISO: Al-Fayyūm) – oaza w północnym Egipcie, na Pustyni Libijskiej, w muhafazie Fajum. Stolicą regionu jest miasto Fajum, a w oazie są jeszcze 4 mniejsze miasta oraz liczne osiedla i wioski. Jest to ważny obszar rolniczy, hodowlany i sadowniczy Egiptu: prowadzi się tu uprawę zbóż, bawełny, trzciny cukrowej, warzyw, owoców, kwiatów i tytoniu oraz hodowlę drobiu, bydła, kóz i owiec. Nad jeziorem rozwinęło się rybołówstwo i turystyka. Na południu oazy znajdują się złoża rud żelaza.
  • The Faiyum Oasis (Arabic: واحة الفيوم‎‎ Waḥet El Fayyum) is a depression or basin in the desert immediately to the west of the Nile south of Cairo. The extent of the basin area is estimated at between 1,270 km² (490 mi²) and 1700 km² (656 mi²). The basin floor comprises fields watered by a channel of the Nile, the Bahr Yussef, as it drains into a desert depression to the west of the Nile Valley. The Bahr Yussef veers west through a narrow neck of land north of Ihnasya, between the archaeological sites of El Lahun and Gurob near Hawara; it then branches out, providing rich agricultural land in the Faiyum basin, draining into the large saltwater Lake Moeris (Birket Qarun). The lake was freshwater in prehistory but is today a saltwater lake. It is a source for tilapia and other fish for the l
  • O oásis Faium (em árabe: Fayyum, Faiyum, Fayum) é uma região do Egito, na província de Fayun, que inclui a cidade de Madinatt al-Fayyum (Faium) e nessa região fica um lago ou depressão de área estimada entre 1270 e 1700 km². A região de Faium, além de seu patrimônio datando do tempo dos faraós, se destaca por seus monastérios Coptas, dentre os quais se destacam: * Monastério do Arcanjo Gabriel * Monastério de al-Qalamun ou de São Samuel * Monastério d'Anba Ishaq (Pare Isaac, Deir Abu Isaac) ou da Virgem Maria * Monastério Deir al-Azab * Monastério da pomba Deir al-Haman o Hamman
  • Эль-Файю́м — оазис в Египте к юго-западу от Каира. Центр — город Эль-Файюм. Отделён от долины Нила грядой холмов и песками Ливийской пустыни. Представляет собой тектоническую впадину и находится на 43 м ниже уровня моря. Название происходит от древнеегипетского слова фиом «болото», фиом-нте-мере «озеро, разлив» (Нила). Размеры оазиса оцениваются в 1270—1700 км², из них на 1000 км² ведётся сельскохозяйственная деятельность. В основном выращиваются зерновые культуры, хлопок, инжир, виноград, олива. Развито производство розового масла из местного сырья. Имеются пастбища овец.
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