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Edwin Ardener (1927–1987) was a British social anthropologist and academic. He was also noted for his contributions to the study of history. Within anthropology, some of his most important contributions were to the study of gender, as in his 1975 work in which he described women as "muted" in social discourse.

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  • Edwin Ardener
  • 艾德溫·阿登納
  • Edwin Ardener
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  • 愛德溫·阿登納(Edwin Ardener, 1927–1987)是英國社會人類學家。他也由於對歷史研究的貢獻而聞名。在人類學當中,他的某些最重要 貢獻是對於性別研究,他在1975年的作品將女性描寫為在社會論述中「禁聲」。 阿登納畢業於倫敦政經學院,在艾德華·伊凡-普理查邀請下前往牛津大學擔任講師。 他的民族誌研究專注於非洲,特別是喀麥隆。他對於喀麥隆的貝克威里人(Bakweri)在十九世紀的歷史研究被認定是最可靠的。 阿登納對於人類學最有名貢獻之一是1975年的文章〈重新檢視「這個問題」〉('"The Problem" revisited'),收錄在其妻雪莉·阿登納(Shirley Ardener)所編的《感知女性》(Perceiving women)一書。在這篇論文,他推進了一個理論,女性已成為一個「被禁聲的群體」,相對之下在社會論述之中未被人所聽見,這些女性的相對靜默也可被視為主控群體對她們聽而不聞。他找出人類學方法論的一個有問題的傾向,就是只有「對」男人說話,並討論「關於女性」的東西,因此在他們假定要觀察的這個人群當中,就至少忽略了其中一半。 阿登納診斷這個問題,認為這是因為民族誌研究方法由男性人類學家所設計與驗證,他們並未認識到自己忽略了什麼。
  • Edwin William Ardener (ur. 1927, zm. 1987) – brytyjski antropolog społeczny, szczególnie zainteresowany kwestią etnograficznego odczytywania historii. Ukończył London School of Economics, związał się jednak na stałe z University of Oxford, gdzie redagował Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford.
  • Edwin Ardener (1927–1987) was a British social anthropologist and academic. He was also noted for his contributions to the study of history. Within anthropology, some of his most important contributions were to the study of gender, as in his 1975 work in which he described women as "muted" in social discourse.
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  • 1987-1-1
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  • 1927-1-1
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  • Edwin Ardener
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  • British social anthropologist/academic
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  • Edwin
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  • male
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  • Ardener
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  • Edwin William Ardener (ur. 1927, zm. 1987) – brytyjski antropolog społeczny, szczególnie zainteresowany kwestią etnograficznego odczytywania historii. Ukończył London School of Economics, związał się jednak na stałe z University of Oxford, gdzie redagował Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford. Ardener dokonał ogromnego wkładu w teorię etniczności, zakładając konieczność oddzielania od siebie rzeczywistości językowej/semantycznej i rzeczywistości demograficznej. Tożsamość definiował jako jednoczesne utożsamianie się i bycie utożsamianym. Na grunt gender studies wprowadził koncepcję "grupy niemej", opisującej społeczną pozycję kobiet. Do znaczącego wpływu myśli Ardenera przyznają się tacy antropolodzy jak Malcolm Chapman, Kirsten Hastrup, Michael Herzfeld. Badania terenowe prowadził przede wszystkim w Kamerunie wśród ludu Bakweri (wliczanego w obręb grupy etnicznej Duala), mieszkającego u południowego podnóża wulkanu Kamerun; epizodycznie prowadził badania terenowe także w celtyckiej Szkocji. Szereg rozpraw dotyczących Bakweri to klasyczny przykład antropologii historycznej.
  • 愛德溫·阿登納(Edwin Ardener, 1927–1987)是英國社會人類學家。他也由於對歷史研究的貢獻而聞名。在人類學當中,他的某些最重要 貢獻是對於性別研究,他在1975年的作品將女性描寫為在社會論述中「禁聲」。 阿登納畢業於倫敦政經學院,在艾德華·伊凡-普理查邀請下前往牛津大學擔任講師。 他的民族誌研究專注於非洲,特別是喀麥隆。他對於喀麥隆的貝克威里人(Bakweri)在十九世紀的歷史研究被認定是最可靠的。 阿登納對於人類學最有名貢獻之一是1975年的文章〈重新檢視「這個問題」〉('"The Problem" revisited'),收錄在其妻雪莉·阿登納(Shirley Ardener)所編的《感知女性》(Perceiving women)一書。在這篇論文,他推進了一個理論,女性已成為一個「被禁聲的群體」,相對之下在社會論述之中未被人所聽見,這些女性的相對靜默也可被視為主控群體對她們聽而不聞。他找出人類學方法論的一個有問題的傾向,就是只有「對」男人說話,並討論「關於女性」的東西,因此在他們假定要觀察的這個人群當中,就至少忽略了其中一半。 阿登納診斷這個問題,認為這是因為民族誌研究方法由男性人類學家所設計與驗證,他們並未認識到自己忽略了什麼。
  • Edwin Ardener (1927–1987) was a British social anthropologist and academic. He was also noted for his contributions to the study of history. Within anthropology, some of his most important contributions were to the study of gender, as in his 1975 work in which he described women as "muted" in social discourse. A graduate of the LSE, Ardener took up an Oxford lectureship in social anthropology at the invitation of E. E. Evans-Pritchard. His ethnographic research concentrated on Africa, particularly on Cameroon. His history of the Bakweri of Cameroon in the nineteenth century is regarded as definitive. In his works about Cameroon, he also wrote about a form of witchcraft in Cameroon known as Nyongo. One of his best-known contributions to anthropology came in the 1975 article ""The Problem" revisited", in Perceiving women, a volume edited by his wife and fellow anthropologist Shirley Ardener. In this essay he advanced the theory that women have been a muted group, comparatively unheard in social discourse, whose relative silence might also be seen as a function of the dominant group's deafness to them. He identified a problematic tendency in anthropological methodology to talk only to men and about women, thereby ignoring at least half the sample of people they were supposed to be observing. Ardener diagnosed the problem as a result of the fact that ethnographic methods were both devised and verified by male anthropologists, who did not realise what they were overlooking.
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