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In microeconomics, economies of density express cost savings resulting from spatial proximity of suppliers or providers. Typically higher population densities allow synergies in service provision leading to lower unit costs. If large economies of density exists there is an incentive for people to concentrate and agglomerate. Economies of density are not to be confused with economies of scale where unit costs are not linked to spatial properties.

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  • Dichtevorteil
  • Economías de densidad
  • Economies of density
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  • Als Dichtevorteil (englisch economies of density) werden in der Produktionstheorie der Mikroökonomie fallende Stückkosten aufgrund einer relativen Ballung von Nachfragern und/oder Anbietern in einem geografischen Raum (siehe auch: Cluster) bezeichnet. Dichtevorteile treten insbesondere in solchen Branchen auf, in denen der Versorgungsweg eine große Rolle spielt – sei es hinsichtlich der Kosten, der Belieferungsschnelligkeit oder anderer Faktoren.
  • En microeconomía, las economías de densidad expresan los ahorros resultantes derivados de la proximidad espacial de los oferentes o proveedores. Típicamente, densidades de población más altas permiten sinergias a la hora de proveer servicios, permitiendo costes unitarios menores. Si existen grandes economías de densidad, hay un incentivo para que las personas se concentren y aglomeren. Las economías de densidad no deben ser confundidas con las economías de escala, donde los costes unitarios no están enlazados a propiedades espaciales.
  • In microeconomics, economies of density express cost savings resulting from spatial proximity of suppliers or providers. Typically higher population densities allow synergies in service provision leading to lower unit costs. If large economies of density exists there is an incentive for people to concentrate and agglomerate. Economies of density are not to be confused with economies of scale where unit costs are not linked to spatial properties.
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  • Als Dichtevorteil (englisch economies of density) werden in der Produktionstheorie der Mikroökonomie fallende Stückkosten aufgrund einer relativen Ballung von Nachfragern und/oder Anbietern in einem geografischen Raum (siehe auch: Cluster) bezeichnet. Dichtevorteile treten insbesondere in solchen Branchen auf, in denen der Versorgungsweg eine große Rolle spielt – sei es hinsichtlich der Kosten, der Belieferungsschnelligkeit oder anderer Faktoren.
  • En microeconomía, las economías de densidad expresan los ahorros resultantes derivados de la proximidad espacial de los oferentes o proveedores. Típicamente, densidades de población más altas permiten sinergias a la hora de proveer servicios, permitiendo costes unitarios menores. Si existen grandes economías de densidad, hay un incentivo para que las personas se concentren y aglomeren. Las economías de densidad no deben ser confundidas con las economías de escala, donde los costes unitarios no están enlazados a propiedades espaciales.
  • In microeconomics, economies of density express cost savings resulting from spatial proximity of suppliers or providers. Typically higher population densities allow synergies in service provision leading to lower unit costs. If large economies of density exists there is an incentive for people to concentrate and agglomerate. Typical examples are found in logistic systems where the distribution or collection of goods is needed, such as solid waste management. Delivering e.g. mail in an area with many postboxes results in overall cost savings and thus lower delivery costs. Different network infrastructures such as electricity or gas networks show as well economies of density. Economies of density are not to be confused with economies of scale where unit costs are not linked to spatial properties.
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