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A Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. or D.Phil.) is a type of doctorate degree awarded by universities in many countries. Ph.D.s are awarded for a wide range of programs in the sciences (e.g., biology, physics, mathematics, etc.), engineering, and humanities (e.g., history, literature, musicology, etc.), among others. The Ph.D. is a terminal degree in many fields. The completion of a Ph.D. is a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields. A clear distinction is made between an "earned doctorate", which is awarded for completion of a course of study and a thesis or dissertation, and an "honorary doctorate", a title granted by a university to a successful or notable person who has not completed doctoral academic work or completed a dissertation at t

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  • Ph.D.
  • Philosophiæ doctor
  • Philosophiæ doctor
  • Dottorato di ricerca
  • Doctor of Philosophy
  • Doctor of Philosophy
  • Доктор философии
  • Doutorado em filosofia
  • 哲學博士
  • Doctor of Philosophy
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  • Der Ph.D. [piː‿eɪtʃ diː] (auch PhD, englisch Doctor of Philosophy, neulateinisch philosophiae doctor) ist in englischsprachigen Ländern der wissenschaftliche Doktorgrad in fast allen Fächern und der höchste Abschluss des Postgraduiertenstudiums. In diesen Ländern ist der Ph.D.-Abschluss in aller Regel mit der Berechtigung verbunden, an einer Universität zu lehren.
  • Philosophiæ doctor (ou doctor philosophiæ ; abrégé PhD ou Ph. D. ; littéralement « docteur en philosophie ») est, dans le système universitaire anglo-saxon ou franco-canadien, l'intitulé le plus courant d'un diplôme de doctorat. Le terme philosophie est utilisé dans son sens antérieur au XXe siècle, tel qu'il a été répandu par les universités allemandes, et désigne ici l'étude générale des connaissances.
  • Il dottorato di ricerca è un titolo accademico dell'istruzione superiore in molti paesi del mondo, corrispondente al massimo grado di istruzione universitaria ottenibile. Nei paesi anglofoni è denominato Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. o PhD, abbreviazione del latino Philosophiæ Doctor).
  • Philosophiæ doctor (o doctor philosophiæ, o abreviado PhD o Ph.D., literalmente «doctor en filosofía») es, en el sistema universitario anglosajón, el título más empleado para un diploma de doctorado especializado en investigación. El término philosophĭa se utiliza con la misma frecuencia con la que se empleaba y difundía antes del siglo XX en las universidades alemanas, y designa el estudio general de conocimientos y el amor por los mismos, según reza la etimología de la palabra.
  • Doctor of Philosophy、Ph.D.(ピー・エイチ・ディー)は、おもに英語圏で授与されている博士水準の学位である。直訳では「哲学博士」となることから分かるように、基本的にはあくまで、伝統4学部のうち職業教育系の神学・法学・医学を除いた「哲学部(ないし教養部)」のリベラル・アーツ系の学位である。 Ph.D.(イギリス式ではピリオドを打たずPhDとも表記)は、ラテン語の「Philosophiae Doctor」(英語では「Doctor of Philosophy」)の略語である。同じイギリスでもオックスフォード大学、サセックス大学、ヨーク大学などでは英語表記の略を用いた「D.Phil.」と表記する。いずれの場合も、Ph. D.のようにスペースは空けない。また、Ph.Dも誤りである。
  • До́ктор филосо́фии (лат. Philosophiæ Doctor, Ph.D., PhD, обычно произносится как пи-эйч-ди, в Оксфордском университете Doctor of Philosophy, D.Phil., DPhil, произносится как ди-фил) — учёная степень, присуждаемая в некоторых странах Запада. В США существующая в некоторых университетах степень доктора наук (Sc.D. — Doctor of Science) также считается равной Ph.D. Квалификационной работой соискателя степени является докторская диссертация (англ. Ph.D. Thesis).
  • 哲學博士(拉丁语:Philosophiæ Doctor,英语:Doctor of Philosophy,簡稱 Ph.D. 或 D.Phil.),高級學銜之一,通常是學歷架構中最高級的學銜。擁有人一般在大學本科(學士)及/或研究院(碩士)畢業,再進行相當年數的研修後,撰畢論文並通過答辯,方獲發哲學博士學位。
  • Doctor of Philosophy (afkorting: PhD (Engels) of Ph.D. (Amerikaans), Latijn: Philosophiæ Doctor) is een Anglo-Amerikaanse variant op de academische titel doctor. Het betreft een research-doctoraat en is in vele landen de hoogste academische graad die iemand kan behalen (alhoewel er in het Verenigd Koninkrijk, Ierland en sommige Gemenebestlanden ook hogere doctoraten bestaan die gegeven worden aan seniorwetenschappers).
  • A Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. or D.Phil.) is a type of doctorate degree awarded by universities in many countries. Ph.D.s are awarded for a wide range of programs in the sciences (e.g., biology, physics, mathematics, etc.), engineering, and humanities (e.g., history, literature, musicology, etc.), among others. The Ph.D. is a terminal degree in many fields. The completion of a Ph.D. is a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields. A clear distinction is made between an "earned doctorate", which is awarded for completion of a course of study and a thesis or dissertation, and an "honorary doctorate", a title granted by a university to a successful or notable person who has not completed doctoral academic work or completed a dissertation at t
  • Um Doutor em Filosofia, abreviado nos países anglófonos como PhD, Ph.D., DPhil ou D.Phil. (do Latim philosophiae doctor ou doctor philosophiae), é um título fornecido pelas Universidades reconhecido como grau terminal nos países de língua inglesa. As universidades brasileiras fornecem o título de DSc (Scientiae Doctor, Doctor of Science ou Doutor em Ciências) para as pessoas que completam um curso de doutorado, sendo este título (DSc) equivalente ao PhD obtido em universidades de outros países.
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