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The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded Catholic monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and reassigned or dismissed their former members and functions. Although the policy was originally envisaged as increasing the regular income of the Crown, much former monastic property was sold off to fund Henry's military campaigns in the 1540s. He was given the authority to do this in England and Wales by the Act of Supremacy, passed by Parliament in 1534, which made him Supreme Head of the Church in England, thus separating England from Papal authority, a

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  • Dissolution of the Monasteries
  • Auflösung der englischen Klöster
  • Disolución de los monasterios
  • Dissoluzione dei monasteri in Inghilterra
  • Dissolution des monastères
  • Ontbinding van de kloosters
  • Dissolução dos Mosteiros
  • Тюдоровская секуляризация
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  • Die Auflösung der englischen Klöster (engl.: Dissolution of the Monasteries), von den englischen Katholiken auch als Unterdrückung der Klöster (engl.: Suppression of the Monasteries) bezeichnet, war der formale Akt während der Englischen Reformation, mit dem Heinrich VIII. 1536 bis 1541 die Besitztümer klösterlicher Einrichtungen in England, Wales und Irland konfiszierte.
  • La dissoluzione dei monasteri (in inglese Dissolution of the Monasteries) o, in ambito cattolico, spesso indicato come soppressione dei monasteri, fu quel processo - che ebbe luogo in Inghilterra fra il 1536 e il 1540 - mediante il quale il re di Inghilterra Enrico VIII confiscò le proprietà della Chiesa cattolica inglese, nella sua nuova funzione di capo della Chiesa anglicana.
  • The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded Catholic monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England, Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and reassigned or dismissed their former members and functions. Although the policy was originally envisaged as increasing the regular income of the Crown, much former monastic property was sold off to fund Henry's military campaigns in the 1540s. He was given the authority to do this in England and Wales by the Act of Supremacy, passed by Parliament in 1534, which made him Supreme Head of the Church in England, thus separating England from Papal authority, a
  • La disolución de los monasterios (referida por escritores católicos como la supresión de los monasterios) fue el proceso formal que tuvo lugar entre 1536 y 1540, por el cual el rey Enrique VIII de Inglaterra confiscó la propiedad de las instituciones de la Iglesia Católica en Inglaterra, y tomó control de ellas como la nueva cabeza de la Iglesia de Inglaterra. Esto sucedió aproximadamente al mismo tiempo que la reforma protestante ocurría en la Europa continental.
  • La dissolution des monastères est un épisode du règne d’Henri VIII d'Angleterre qui débute en 1538, lorsque le roi entreprend de confisquer les biens des ordres religieux d'Angleterre, du Pays de Galles et d'Irlande, et d’en détruire ou revendre les bâtiments.
  • De ontbinding van de kloosters (Engels: Dissolution of the Monasteries), soms ook onderdrukking van de kloosters (Suppression of the Monasteries) genoemd, was het administratieve en wettelijke proces tussen 1536 en 1541 waarmee koning Hendrik VIII de kloosters in Engeland, Wales en Ierland ontbond. Hendrik VIII eigende zich de inkomsten van de kloosters toe, nam hun bezittingen in beslag en onderhield de vroegere leden van de kloosters. De autoriteit om de kloosters in Engeland en Wales op te heffen ontleende hij aan een drietal wetten:
  • A Dissolução dos Mosteiros, por vezes referida como a Repressão dos Mosteiros, refere-se aos processos administrativos e jurídicos entre 1536 e 1541, através dos quais Henrique VIII de Inglaterra dissolveu os mosteiros, conventos e confrarias na Inglaterra, no País de Gales e na Irlanda; apropriou-se dos seus rendimentos, eliminado os seus membros ativos e antigos. A ele foi-lhe dada autoridade pela Lei de Supremacia, que passou pelo Parlamento, em 1534, o que fez dele Chefe Supremo da Igreja na Inglaterra, e pela Primeira Lei de Repressão (1536) e da Segunda Lei de Repressão (1539). Apesar de algumas fundações monásticas remontarem ao tempo anglo-saxão, a esmagadora maioria das 825 comunidades religiosas foram dissolvidas por Henrique VIII, existentes devido à onda de entusiasmo monástica
  • Роспуск монастырей (англ. Dissolution of the Monasteries) — процесс секуляризации монастырей, происходивший при короле Генрихе VIII. Одно из главнейших исторических событий в истории Англии XVI века. С началом Английской Реформации в 1530-е годы Генрих VIII начал процесс ликвидации монастырей и передачи монастырского имущества в собственность королевского дома Тюдоров. Согласно Акту, принятому в 1536 году, ликвидации подлежали все монастыри с ежегодным доходом менее 200 фунтов стерлингов. К 1540 году около 800 монастырей в Англии были закрыты, а более 10 тысяч монахов лишились средств к существованию. Также были закрыты монастырские школы.
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