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Digestive enzymes are enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body. Digestive enzymes are found in the digestive tracts of animals (including humans) and in the traps of carnivorous plants, where they aid in the digestion of food, as well as inside cells, especially in their lysosomes, where they function to maintain cellular survival. Digestive enzymes of diverse specificities and are found in the saliva secreted by the salivary glands, in the secretions of cells lining the stomach, in the pancreatic juice secreted by pancreatic exocrine cells, and in the secretions of cells lining the small and large intestines.

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Digestive enzyme
  • Verdauungsenzym
  • Enzima digestiva
  • Enzyme digestive
  • 消化酵素
  • Ферменты пищеварения
  • Enzima digestiva
  • 消化酶
rdfs:comment
  • Las enzimas digestivas son enzimas que rompen los polímeros presentes en los alimentos en moléculas más pequeñas para que puedan ser absorbidas con facilidad. Las enzimas digestivas se encuentran en el tubo digestivo de los animales donde colaboran en la digestión del alimento, así como en el interior de las células, sobre todo en los lisosomas. Existen enzimas digestivas en la saliva, en el jugo gástrico, en el jugo pancreático y en las secreciones intestinales.
  • 消化酵素(しょうかこうそ)は、消化に使われる酵素のことである。分解される栄養素によって炭水化物分解酵素、タンパク質分解酵素、脂肪分解酵素などに分けられる。生物が食物を分解するために産生するほかは、食品加工、胃腸薬、洗剤として使用される。海外ではサプリメントとしての利用も一般化している。
  • A digestão dos alimentos ocorre através de um tipo de reação denominada hidrólise, que consiste na quebra de determinadas substâncias com a participação de moléculas de água. As reações de hidrólise, nos animais, são sempre catalisadas por enzimas, genericamente denominadas enzimas hidrolíticas. As enzimas digestivas recebem denominações de acordo com o substrato sobre o qual atuam: * Protease (digerem proteínas) * Carboidrase (digerem carboidratos) * Lipase (digerem lipídios) * Nuclease (digerem ácidos nucleicos) * Naltase (digerem maltose)
  • 消化酶(英语:Digestive enzymes)是将聚合的高分子降解为他们的构建单元的酶类,以促进他们被身体吸收。消化酶类可在动物(及人)的消化管内找到,在那里帮助食物的消化,他们也存在于细胞中,特别是在其溶酶体中发挥作用,以维护细胞中的残留物。消化酶类多种多样,他们存在于:由唾腺分泌的唾液之中、由胃内壁细胞分泌的胃液之中、由胰腺外分泌细胞分泌的胰液之中以及在肠(大与小)胃分泌物之中。
  • Digestive enzymes are enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body. Digestive enzymes are found in the digestive tracts of animals (including humans) and in the traps of carnivorous plants, where they aid in the digestion of food, as well as inside cells, especially in their lysosomes, where they function to maintain cellular survival. Digestive enzymes of diverse specificities and are found in the saliva secreted by the salivary glands, in the secretions of cells lining the stomach, in the pancreatic juice secreted by pancreatic exocrine cells, and in the secretions of cells lining the small and large intestines.
  • Verdauungsenzyme sind Enzyme, die unter anderem Nahrung in ihre Einzelteile zerlegen, um sie so für den Stoffwechsel verwertbar zu machen. Die Aufgabe fast aller dieser Enzyme ist es, langkettige Moleküle (Kohlenhydrate, Fette ...) unter Wasseraufnahme in einfachere niedermolekulare Verbindungen (Aminosäuren, einfache Zucker, Glycerin, Fettsäuren) aufzuspalten.
  • Une enzyme digestive a pour fonction de dégrader les macromolécules biologiques en libérant les petites unités moléculaires (monomères) qui les constituent afin de faciliter leur assimilation par l'organisme. Ces enzymes se trouvent d'une part dans l'appareil digestif humain, dans celui des animaux et dans les pièges des plantes carnivores, où elles participent à la digestion de la nourriture, et d'autre part à l'intérieur même des cellules, essentiellement dans un organite appelé lysosome, où elles participent au métabolisme cellulaire en permettant le recyclage des biomolécules.
  • Ферме́нты пищеваре́ния, пищеварительные ферменты — ферменты, расщепляющие сложные компоненты пищи до более простых веществ, которые затем всасываются в организм. В более широком смысле пищеварительными ферментами также называют все ферменты, расщепляющие крупные (обычно полимерные) молекулы на мономеры или более мелкие части. Все ферменты желудочно-кишечного тракта относятся к классу "Гидролазы", это означает, что расщепление пищевых полимеров происходит всегда при участии молекулы воды. По субстратной специфичности пищеварительные ферменты делятся на несколько основных групп:
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