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Dependency grammar (DG) is a class of modern syntactic theories that are all based on the dependency relation (as opposed to the constituency relation) and that can be traced back primarily to the work of Lucien Tesnière. Dependency is the notion that linguistic units, e.g. words, are connected to each other by directed links. The (finite) verb is taken to be the structural center of clause structure. All other syntactic units (words) are either directly or indirectly connected to the verb in terms of the directed links, which are called dependencies. DGs are distinct from phrase structure grammars (constituency grammars) since DGs lack phrasal nodes although they acknowledge phrases. Structure is determined by the relation between a word (a head) and its dependents. Dependency structures

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Dependency grammar
  • Dependenzgrammatik
  • Gramática valencial
  • Grammaire de dépendance
  • 依存文法
  • Dependentiegrammatica
  • Грамматика зависимостей
rdfs:comment
  • Dependenzgrammatik bezeichnet eine von Lucien Tesnière (1893–1954) begründete, im Ansatz aber auch schon im Mittelalter bei Thomas von Erfurt zu findende Form der Grammatik. Sie untersucht die hierarchische Struktur von Sätzen ausgehend von wechselseitigen Abhängigkeiten (Dependenzstruktur). Dependenz bedeutet demnach die Abhängigkeit eines Wortes (dem regierten Wort bzw. dem Dependens) von einem anderen Wort (dem regierenden Wort bzw. dem Regens). Eine dependenzielle Grammatik unterscheidet sich gegenüber der Phrasenstrukturgrammatik (=Konstituentengrammatik) durch die Abwesenheit phrasaler Knoten in der analysierten Struktur.
  • 依存文法(いそんぶんぽう、dependency grammar)は、ルシアン・テニエール (en:Lucien Tesnière) によって開発された文法理論。(文脈依存文法とは直接は無関係である)
  • De dependentiegrammatica ofwel valentiegrammatica is een met name door Lucien Tesnière uitgewerkt alternatief grammaticamodel binnen de syntaxis. Een soort eerste aanzet ertoe werd reeds in de Middeleeuwen gegeven door Thomas von Erfurt.
  • Dependency grammar (DG) is a class of modern syntactic theories that are all based on the dependency relation (as opposed to the constituency relation) and that can be traced back primarily to the work of Lucien Tesnière. Dependency is the notion that linguistic units, e.g. words, are connected to each other by directed links. The (finite) verb is taken to be the structural center of clause structure. All other syntactic units (words) are either directly or indirectly connected to the verb in terms of the directed links, which are called dependencies. DGs are distinct from phrase structure grammars (constituency grammars) since DGs lack phrasal nodes although they acknowledge phrases. Structure is determined by the relation between a word (a head) and its dependents. Dependency structures
  • La gramática valencial o gramática de dependencias, como también se le ha llamado, es el modelo teórico propuesto por el lingüista francés Lucien Tesnière. La base fundamental de este modelo es el considerar no sólo los elementos léxicos que integran la estructura sintáctica, sino también las relaciones existentes entre ellos. De acuerdo con esta teoría, existe un vínculo que relaciona las ideas expresadas por las palabras para formar un pensamiento organizado. Este vínculo es denominado conexión.
  • On désigne par grammaire de dépendance une approche à la syntaxe fondée par Lucien Tesnière. Elle se distingue par la place centrale donnée à une structure hiérarchique, appelée Stemma par Lucien Tesnière, mais plus connue aujourd'hui sous le terme d'arbre de dépendance.
  • Грамма́тика зави́симостей — одна из формальных моделей, разработанных в рамках структурного синтаксиса (наряду с грамматикой составляющих). Представляет строй предложения в виде иерархии компонентов, между которыми установлено отношение зависимости. Таким образом, структура предложения рассматривается в терминах вершин и зависимых. Современная грамматика зависимостей в значительной степени основывается на идеях Л. Теньера.
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