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Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process. Though the scope of the term differs between countries, civil liberties may include the freedom from torture, freedom from forced disappearance, freedom of conscience, freedom of press, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, the right to security and liberty, freedom of speech, the right to privacy, the right to equal treatment under the law and due process, the right to a fair trial, and the right to life. Other civil liberties include the right to own property, the right to defend oneself, and the right to bodily integrity. Within the distinctions between civil liberties and other types of

AttributesValues
rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Civil liberties
  • حريات مدنية
  • Freiheitsrechte
  • Libertà civili
  • Libertés publiques
  • 自由権
  • Liberdades civis
  • 公民自由
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  • 自由権(じゆうけん)は、基本的人権の分類の一つであり、国家から制約ないし強制されずに、自由に物事を考え、自由に行動できる権利のことをいう。
  • 公民自由(Civil Liberties),往往指公民的政治自由。公民自由限制了政府的權力,防止政府濫用權力和干擾其公民的生活。 基礎的公民自由包括了集會自由、宗教自由、言論自由。同時公民也有權要求合法訴訟程序、公平的審判過程、隐私权、和自我防衛的權利。許多世界上的民主國家——尤其是美國和歐洲,都有著各自的憲法以保障公民自由,而民主政府也有責任保護這些公民自由,相反的權威主義國家便缺乏這些保護、政府甚至會主動侵犯這些自由。某些自由是否屬於公民自由也存在爭議,而它們是否該被保護也是爭論的議題。有爭議的例子包括了生殖權利、同性婚姻、以及持有槍械的權利。除此之外,即使是被法律保護的公民自由有時候也會被廢止,尤其是在戰爭的時期。
  • Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process. Though the scope of the term differs between countries, civil liberties may include the freedom from torture, freedom from forced disappearance, freedom of conscience, freedom of press, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, the right to security and liberty, freedom of speech, the right to privacy, the right to equal treatment under the law and due process, the right to a fair trial, and the right to life. Other civil liberties include the right to own property, the right to defend oneself, and the right to bodily integrity. Within the distinctions between civil liberties and other types of
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) الحريات المدنية هو الاسم المعطى لحماية حريات الفرد من الحكومة تماماً. الحريات المدنية تضع حدوداً للحكومة حتى أنها لا تستطيع إساءة استعمال قوتها أو تتدخل في حياة مواطنيها.
  • Freiheitsrechte bilden neben den Gleichheits-, den Verfahrens- und den Teilhaberechten eine Kategorie der Grundrechte. Damit ein Staat völkerrechtlich anerkannt wird, muss dieser auf seinem Staatsgebiet die Staatsgewalt über sein Staatsvolk ausüben. Diese Macht des Staates steht jedoch im Gegensatz zur Freiheit des Einzelnen. Um ein Ausufern staatlicher Gewalt zu verhindern, werden in Rechtsstaaten die Eingriffsrechte des Staates begrenzt. Dies geschieht, indem dem Menschen subjektive Rechte etwa auf Leben, persönliche Freiheit oder Eigentum gewährt werden.
  • Per Libertà civili si intende quella tipologia di diritti che appartengono ai cittadini di uno stato. Le libertà civili pongono limiti al governo tali che esso non possa abusare dei propri poteri ed interferire con la vita dei cittadini. Libertà civili comuni sono: libertà di associazione, libertà di assemblea, libertà religiosa, e libertà di parola, ed inoltre, il diritto di difesa, il diritto ad un equo processo, il diritto al porto d'armi e il diritto alla privacy.
  • Les libertés publiques sont des libertés et garanties individuelles que le gouvernement ne peut supprimer, que ce soit par la loi ou une décision judiciaire, sans en assurer d'abord la sécurité juridique. On ne peut définir les « libertés » en dehors de l'État, et c'est d'ailleurs ce qui a été fait à l'époque 1789. Les libertés ne sont dites publiques que par rapport à l'État (aux pouvoirs publics). Donc toute définition qui ne prend pas en compte le caractère limitatif et négatif des libertés dans l'État serait une définition incomplète.
  • Liberdades civis são os direitos civis e as liberdades que protegem o indivíduo do poder discricionário do Estado, estabelecendo limites da interferência estatal na vida privada dos cidadãos, evitando o abuso de poder. O conceito formal de liberdades civis remonta à Magna Carta inglesa de 1215, que, por sua vez, foi baseada em documentos preexistentes - especialmente a Carta das Liberdades, um dos principais documentos na história jurídica da Inglaterra.
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