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Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition when pain occurs due to transposition of a loop of large intestine (usually transverse colon) in between the diaphragm and the liver, visible on plain abdominal X-ray or chest X-ray. Normally this causes no symptoms, and this is called Chilaiditi's sign. The sign can be permanently present, or sporadically. This anatomical variant is sometimes mistaken for the more serious condition of having air under the diaphragm (pneumoperitoneum) which is usually an indication of bowel perforation, possibly leading to surgical interventions.

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  • Chilaiditisyndrom
  • Chilaiditi syndrome
  • キライディティ症候群
  • Синдром Хилаидити
rdfs:comment
  • Das Chilaiditisyndrom oder Chilaiditi-Syndrom beschreibt in der Medizin eine Verlagerung und Drehung von Dick- und seltener Dünndarmanteilen von weiter fußwärts nach kopfwärts (kranial) zwischen Zwerchfell und Leber. Normalerweise findet sich in diesem Bereich kein Darm. Das Syndrom ist eine und nicht notwendigerweise von Krankheitswert.
  • キライディティ症候群(-しょうこうぐん、英Chilaiditi syndrome)とは、肝臓と右横隔膜間に消化管(多くは結腸)が陥入した状態のこと。 キライジチ症候群、肝横隔膜間結腸嵌入症、結腸横隔膜症候群とも呼ばれる。 1910年にギリシアの放射線科医のDemetrius Chilaiditiによって初めて報告された。
  • Хилаидити синдром — нетипичное расположение печеночного угла толстой кишки между печенью и диафрагмой.
  • Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition when pain occurs due to transposition of a loop of large intestine (usually transverse colon) in between the diaphragm and the liver, visible on plain abdominal X-ray or chest X-ray. Normally this causes no symptoms, and this is called Chilaiditi's sign. The sign can be permanently present, or sporadically. This anatomical variant is sometimes mistaken for the more serious condition of having air under the diaphragm (pneumoperitoneum) which is usually an indication of bowel perforation, possibly leading to surgical interventions.
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  • Chilaiditi syndrome
name
  • Chilaiditi syndrome
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  • Chest X-ray showing obvious Chilaiditi's sign, or presence of gas in the right colic angle between the liver and right hemidiaphragm.
field
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synonyms
  • Chilaiditi's sign
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  • Das Chilaiditisyndrom oder Chilaiditi-Syndrom beschreibt in der Medizin eine Verlagerung und Drehung von Dick- und seltener Dünndarmanteilen von weiter fußwärts nach kopfwärts (kranial) zwischen Zwerchfell und Leber. Normalerweise findet sich in diesem Bereich kein Darm. Das Syndrom ist eine und nicht notwendigerweise von Krankheitswert.
  • Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition when pain occurs due to transposition of a loop of large intestine (usually transverse colon) in between the diaphragm and the liver, visible on plain abdominal X-ray or chest X-ray. Normally this causes no symptoms, and this is called Chilaiditi's sign. The sign can be permanently present, or sporadically. This anatomical variant is sometimes mistaken for the more serious condition of having air under the diaphragm (pneumoperitoneum) which is usually an indication of bowel perforation, possibly leading to surgical interventions. Chilaiditi syndrome refers only to complications in the presence of Chilaiditi's sign. These include abdominal pain, torsion of the bowel (transverse colon volvulus) or shortness of breath.
  • キライディティ症候群(-しょうこうぐん、英Chilaiditi syndrome)とは、肝臓と右横隔膜間に消化管(多くは結腸)が陥入した状態のこと。 キライジチ症候群、肝横隔膜間結腸嵌入症、結腸横隔膜症候群とも呼ばれる。 1910年にギリシアの放射線科医のDemetrius Chilaiditiによって初めて報告された。
  • Хилаидити синдром — нетипичное расположение печеночного угла толстой кишки между печенью и диафрагмой.
MeSH ID
  • D059269
DiseasesDB
MeshID
  • D059269
symptoms
  • Abdominal pain, dyspnea or asymptomatic
DiseasesDB
  • 32496
symptoms
differential diagnosis
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