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Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the Civil Rights Movement, and a model for m

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  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Caso Brown contra Consejo de Educación
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Brown contro Board of Education
  • ブラウン対教育委員会裁判
  • Brown vs. Board of Education
  • Браун против Совета по образованию
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • 布朗訴托皮卡教育局案
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  • Brown v. Board of Education ist die Sammelbezeichnung für fünf von 1952 bis 1954 vor dem Obersten Gerichtshof der Vereinigten Staaten verhandelte Fälle zum Thema der Rassentrennung an öffentlichen Schulen. Die von betroffenen Eltern eingebrachten Sammelklagen gegen vier Bundesstaaten und den Bundesdistrikt vertraten die Position, dass separate Einrichtungen für Schüler getrennt nach Hautfarbe den Gleichheitsgrundsatz der Verfassung der Vereinigten Staaten verletzen. Der Oberste Gerichtshof schloss sich dieser Argumentation mit seinem Grundsatzurteil vom 17. Mai 1954 einstimmig an und hob damit die vorher fast einhundert Jahre geltende Rechtsprechung auf. Die Entscheidung markierte das Ende der rechtlich sanktionierten Rassentrennung an staatlichen Schulen in den Vereinigten Staaten.
  • ブラウン対教育委員会裁判(ブラウン たい きょういくいいんかい さいばん)は、アメリカ合衆国における人種分離政策について、1954年にアメリカ合衆国最高裁判所が行った裁判。ブラウン判決ともいう。 1954年5月17日に言い渡された判決は、アール・ウォーレン首席裁判官の法廷において、満場一致(9-0)で決定された。黒人と白人の学生を分離した公立学校の設立を定めたカンザス州の州法は、黒人の子供の平等な教育の機会を否定していると宣言し、単刀直入に「人種分離した教育機関は本来不平等である」と述べた。 その結果、法律上の人種差別は、アメリカ合衆国憲法修正第14条(法の下における平等保護条項)に違反するとの判例が確立され、1896年のプレッシー対ファーガソン裁判における「分離すれど平等」という先例を覆した。この勝利は人種統合と公民権運動への道を開いた。
  • «О́ливер Бра́ун и др. про́тив Сове́та по образова́нию Топи́ки» (англ. Oliver Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al.) 347 U.S. 483 (1954) — судебный процесс, закончившийся решением Верховного суда США в 1954 году, которое признало противоречащим конституции раздельное обучение чернокожих и белых школьников. Решение явилось важным событием в борьбе против расовой сегрегации в США.
  • 布朗訴托皮卡教育局案(Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954),全名Oliver Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al.,以下簡稱布朗案)是一件美国历史上非常重要、具有指標意義的訴訟案。該案於1954年5月17日由美國最高法院做出決定,判決種族隔離本質上就是一種不平等,因此原告與被告雙方所爭執的「黑人與白人學童不得進入同一所學校就讀」的種族隔離法律必須排除「隔離但平等」先例的適用(該先例由普萊西訴弗格森案──簡稱普萊西案──所建立),因此種族隔離的法律因為剝奪了黑人學童的入學權利而違反了美國憲法第十四修正案中所保障的平等權而違憲,該法律因而不得在個案中適用,學童不得基於種族因素被拒絕入學。因為本判決的緣故,終止了美國社會中存在已久白人和黑人必須分別就讀不同公立學校的種族隔離現象。從本判決後「隔離但平等」的法律原則被推翻,任何法律上的種族隔離隨後都可能因違反憲法所保障的平等權而被判決違憲;同時本案也開啟了接下來數年中美國開始廢止一切有關種族隔離的措施;美國的民權運動也因為本案邁進一大步,此後數年中美國社會的種族融合與民權擴張等社會上的改變開始興起且方興未艾。
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the Civil Rights Movement, and a model for m
  • Caso Brown contra Consejo de Educación de Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), es un fallo histórico de la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos que declaró que las leyes estatales que establecían escuelas separadas para estudiantes de raza negra y blanca negaban la igualdad de oportunidades educativas.
  • 45xCe modèle est-il pertinent ? Cliquez pour en voir d'autres.Cet article ne cite pas suffisamment ses sources (mars 2009). Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (modifier l'article, comment ajouter mes sources ?).
  • Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka was een rechtszaak die werd uitgevochten voor het Federale Hooggerechtshof van de Verenigde Staten in 1954; de rechters beslisten uiteindelijk dat de wettelijk vastgelegde rassenscheiding op openbare scholen niet mocht worden toegepast, omdat er geen sprake van kon zijn dat zwarten onderwijs van hetzelfde niveau zouden krijgen als de blanken wanneer zij naar speciale 'zwarte' scholen moesten. In datzelfde jaar werd hetzelfde bepaald in de zaak Bolling vs. Sharpe met betrekking tot Washington D.C., dat geen staat is en dus niet onder dezelfde wetgeving valt.
  • Brown et Al. c/ Board of Education of Topeka et Al. (Brown e altri contro l'ufficio scolastico di Topeka e altri) è una sentenza della Corte suprema degli Stati Uniti, pubblicata il 17 maggio 1954 (sentenza 347 U.S. 483). Ad essa ci si riferisce, normalmente, come a Brown v. Board of Education (Brown contro l'ufficio scolastico). La sentenza ha dichiarato incostituzionale la segregazione razziale nelle scuole pubbliche. Una sentenza complementare sullo stesso caso fu pubblicata il 31 maggio 1955 (349 U.S. 294): le due sentenze sono, per questo motivo, anche citate come Brown I e Brown II. Questa sentenza è senza dubbio la più importante delle decisioni della corte Warren. Da un punto di vista tecnico la sentenza Brown è applicabile solamente al sistema di educazione pubblica degli Stati; t
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (de 1954) foi um caso marcante julgado na Suprema Corte dos Estados Unidos onde foi decidido ser inconstitucional as divisões raciais entre estudantes brancos e negros em escolas públicas pelo país. Este parecer reverteu a decisão tomada pela Corte no caso Plessy v. Ferguson de 1896, que havia se tornado a base jurídica para validar a segregação racial pelos Estados Unidos (especialmente no sul) em locais públicos, tais como escolas, hospitais, praças e paradas de ônibus e trem.
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