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The Battle of Ngasaunggyan was fought in 1277 between Kublai Khan's Yuan dynasty, the principal khanate of the Mongol Empire, and their neighbors to the south, the Pagan Empire (in present-day Burma) led by Narathihapate. The battle was initiated by Narathihapate, who invaded the Yunnan, a province of the Yuan dynasty. Mongol defenders soundly defeated the Pagan forces. The battle was later reported back to Europe by Marco Polo, who described the battle vividly in his reports. His description was presumably pieced together by accounts he heard while visiting the court of Kublai Khan.

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Battle of Ngasaunggyan
  • Bataille de Ngasaunggyan
  • ンガサウジャンの戦い
  • Bitwa pod Ngasaunggyan
  • Batalha de Ngasaunggyan
rdfs:comment
  • ンガサウジャンの戦いとは、1277年にモンゴル帝国(大元ウルス)とビルマのパガン朝との間で行われた最初の戦闘。パガン朝の君主ナラティーハパテが元に忠誠を誓ったタイ系の諸族を攻撃したことから始まり、元の君主クビライの命を受けて出撃した雲南方面の駐屯軍がこれを徹底的に破った。
  • Bitwa pod Ngasaunggyan (1277) – stoczona pomiędzy armiami królestwa Paganu i imperium mongolskiego zakończyła się klęską wojsk birmańskich czyli królestwa Paganu. Bitwa ta zapoczątkowała serię najazdów mongolskich na królestwo Paganu, które doprowadziły ostatecznie do jego upadku w 1287 roku.
  • The Battle of Ngasaunggyan was fought in 1277 between Kublai Khan's Yuan dynasty, the principal khanate of the Mongol Empire, and their neighbors to the south, the Pagan Empire (in present-day Burma) led by Narathihapate. The battle was initiated by Narathihapate, who invaded the Yunnan, a province of the Yuan dynasty. Mongol defenders soundly defeated the Pagan forces. The battle was later reported back to Europe by Marco Polo, who described the battle vividly in his reports. His description was presumably pieced together by accounts he heard while visiting the court of Kublai Khan.
  • Bataille de Ngasaunggyan Guerre Birmo-mongole Batailles Bataille de Ngasaunggyan • Bataille de Bhamo • Bataille de Pagan La bataille de Ngasaunggyan est un affrontement d'importance historique majeure, qui a mis aux prises en 1277 dans le Royaume de Dali (actuelle province du Yunnan, en Chine) l'armée birmane du roi de Pagan Narathihapati et les Mongols. La bataille a été connue en Europe grâce aux récits de Marco Polo dans le Devisement du monde. Il en fait une description vivante, sans doute à partir de ce qu'il en avait lui-même entendu dire à la cour de Kubilai Khan.
  • A Batalha de Ngasaunggyan foi um conflito de suma importância histórica, travado em 1277 entre a dinastia Yuan de Kublai Khan do Império Mongol e regiões vizinhas a sul, e o Império Pagan (na actual Mianmar), liderado por Narathihapate. A batalha teve início com a invasão de Narathihapate a Yunnan, uma província da dinastia Yuan do Império Mongol. A defensiva mongol derrotou as forças Pagan.
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  • Battle of Ngasaunggyan
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has abstract
  • Bataille de Ngasaunggyan Guerre Birmo-mongole Batailles Bataille de Ngasaunggyan • Bataille de Bhamo • Bataille de Pagan La bataille de Ngasaunggyan est un affrontement d'importance historique majeure, qui a mis aux prises en 1277 dans le Royaume de Dali (actuelle province du Yunnan, en Chine) l'armée birmane du roi de Pagan Narathihapati et les Mongols. En 1253, ceux-ci avaient abattu le Royaume de Dali, qui jouait le rôle d'état tampon entre la Chine et le Royaume de Pagan. En 1271, au moment de proclamer la dynastie Yuan, Kubilai Khan avait fait demander à Narathipathi, comme aux autres souverains d'Asie du Sud-Est, de lui payer tribut. Le roi avait refusé et deux ans plus tard, à la seconde visite des envoyés mongols, il les avait même fait exécuter. En 1274, les mongols avaient transformé le Royaume de Dali en province chinoise, mais semblaient devoir en rester là. Narathihapati prit l'offensive en 1277. La présence d'éléphants de guerre terrifia les chevaux des mongols, mais le général Khudu (Qutuq) ordonna à ses soldats de les cribler de flèches. Blessés, les éléphants s'emballèrent, écrasant tout sur leur passage et désorganisant complètement l'armée birmane, qui subit une lourde défaite. Khudu fut blessé et les mongols ne poussèrent pas leur avantage, pour cette raison ou à cause de leurs propres pertes. Après une nouvelle défaite à la bataille de Bhamo en 1283, Narathihapati fut assassiné par un de ses fils en 1287 ; la même année les Mongols s'emparèrent de sa capitale et mirent sur son trône un souverain fantoche, Kyawswa, marquant la fin effective du Premier Empire birman. La bataille a été connue en Europe grâce aux récits de Marco Polo dans le Devisement du monde. Il en fait une description vivante, sans doute à partir de ce qu'il en avait lui-même entendu dire à la cour de Kubilai Khan.
  • The Battle of Ngasaunggyan was fought in 1277 between Kublai Khan's Yuan dynasty, the principal khanate of the Mongol Empire, and their neighbors to the south, the Pagan Empire (in present-day Burma) led by Narathihapate. The battle was initiated by Narathihapate, who invaded the Yunnan, a province of the Yuan dynasty. Mongol defenders soundly defeated the Pagan forces. Hostility between the two empires had already been established by that time: when Kublai Khan had sent emissaries to regional powers of eastern Asia to demand tribute, Narathihapate refused the khan's representatives the first time they visited (in 1271), and they were killed by bandits in 1273. When Kublai Khan did not immediately respond to this insult, Narathihapate gained confidence that the Mongols would not fight him. He subsequently invaded the state of Kaungai, whose chief had recently pledged fealty to Kublai Khan. Local garrisons of Mongol troops were ordered to defend the area, and although outnumbered were able to soundly defeat the Pagan forces in battle and press into the Pagan territory of Bhamo. The presence of war elephants initially caused Mongol horses to shy in terror, but Mongol general Khudu (Qutuq) ordered his men to shower the elephants with arrows. The wounded elephants stampeded and destroyed everything in their path. In the end, Mongol troops abandoned their offensive and returned to Yunnan, a province of Yuan dynasty with their wounded general Khudu. The Battle of Ngassaunggyan was the first of three decisive battles between the two empires, the others being the Battle of Bhamo in 1283 and the Battle of Pagan in 1287. By the end of these battles, the Mongols had conquered the entire Pagan empire and installed a puppet government. In the end of 1277, Yunnan governor's son Naser ad-Din attacked Bhamo again and tried to establish postal system which had already covered Mongol Empire after defeating enemies. But deadly heat forced him to leave Burma. He returned to Khanbaliq with 12 elephants and gave them to his master Kublai Khan in 1279. The battle was later reported back to Europe by Marco Polo, who described the battle vividly in his reports. His description was presumably pieced together by accounts he heard while visiting the court of Kublai Khan.
  • ンガサウジャンの戦いとは、1277年にモンゴル帝国(大元ウルス)とビルマのパガン朝との間で行われた最初の戦闘。パガン朝の君主ナラティーハパテが元に忠誠を誓ったタイ系の諸族を攻撃したことから始まり、元の君主クビライの命を受けて出撃した雲南方面の駐屯軍がこれを徹底的に破った。
  • A Batalha de Ngasaunggyan foi um conflito de suma importância histórica, travado em 1277 entre a dinastia Yuan de Kublai Khan do Império Mongol e regiões vizinhas a sul, e o Império Pagan (na actual Mianmar), liderado por Narathihapate. A batalha teve início com a invasão de Narathihapate a Yunnan, uma província da dinastia Yuan do Império Mongol. A defensiva mongol derrotou as forças Pagan. Nesse período era veemente a hostilidade entre os dois impérios: quando Kublai Khan enviou emissários para as potências regionais da Ásia Oriental para exigir o tributo, Narathihapate repeliu os representantes de Khan na primeira visita, em 1271, os quais foram assassinados por bandidos em 1273. A demora de Kublai Khan em responder ao insulto, permitiu que Narathihapate ficasse confiante de que os mongóis não iriam ripostar. Em seguida, o estado de Kaungai é invadido pelas forças birmanesas, cujo chefe havia recentemente prometido lealdade a Kublai. Depressa, tropas imperiais foram obrigadas a defender a área, e, embora em número inferior, foram capazes de derrotar tranquilamente as forças Pagan e pressionar o território Pagan de Bhamo. A princípio, a presença de elefantes de guerra trouxe o terror às tropas mongóis a cavalo fazendo-as recuar, entretanto o general mongol Khudu (Qutuq) ordenaria que os seus homens infligissem um banho de flechas no ataque aos elefantes. Feridos, estes acabaram por fugir, destruindo tudo o que estava no seu caminho. Por fim, as tropas mongóis abandonaram a ofensiva e regressaram a Yunnan, com o seu general ferido. A Batalha de Ngassaunggyan foi o primeiro dos três confrontos determinantes entre os dois impérios, sendo as outras a Batalha de Bhamo em 1283, e a Batalha de Pagan em 1287. Em finais destes conflitos, os mongóis acabaram por conquistar todo o império Pagan e nele estabeleceram um estado fantoche. No final de 1277, o filho do governante de Yunnan, Naser ad-Din, atacou novamente Bhamo na tentativa de estabelecer um sistema postal que já teria abrangido o Império Mongol após derrotar os inimigos. Contudo, o calor letal fê-lo deixar a Birmânia. Ele regressaria em 1279 a Dadu com 12 elefantes que os ofereceu a Kublai Khan. A batalha foi mais tarde relatada à Europa através de Marco Polo, que descreveu o confronto a partir dos seus relatos por ele mesmo vividos. Presume-se que sua descrição fora reforçada pelo o que ele ouvira enquanto visitava a corte de Khublai Khan.
  • Bitwa pod Ngasaunggyan (1277) – stoczona pomiędzy armiami królestwa Paganu i imperium mongolskiego zakończyła się klęską wojsk birmańskich czyli królestwa Paganu. Bitwa ta zapoczątkowała serię najazdów mongolskich na królestwo Paganu, które doprowadziły ostatecznie do jego upadku w 1287 roku.
causalties
  • Heavy
combatant
  • *Yuan dynasty
  • Mongol Empire
  • Pagan Empire
commander
is part of military conflict
place of military conflict
result
  • Mongol victory
strength
  • 6,000–12,000 cavalry
  • 80,000 plus more than 120 war elephants
casualties
  • Unknown
commander
  • Khudu
date
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