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Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 (1922), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that certain provisions of the U.S. Constitution did not apply to territories not incorporated into the union. It originated when Jesús M. Balzac was prosecuted for criminal libel in a district court of Puerto Rico. Balzac declared that his rights had been violated under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution as he was denied a trial by jury, since the code of criminal procedure of Puerto Rico did not grant a jury trial in misdemeanor cases. In the appeal, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the judgments of the lower courts on the island in deciding that the provisions of the Constitution did not apply to a territory that belonged to the United States but was not incorporated into

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  • Balzac v. Porto Rico
  • Balzac v. Porto Rico
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  • Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 (1922), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that certain provisions of the U.S. Constitution did not apply to territories not incorporated into the union. It originated when Jesús M. Balzac was prosecuted for criminal libel in a district court of Puerto Rico. Balzac declared that his rights had been violated under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution as he was denied a trial by jury, since the code of criminal procedure of Puerto Rico did not grant a jury trial in misdemeanor cases. In the appeal, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the judgments of the lower courts on the island in deciding that the provisions of the Constitution did not apply to a territory that belonged to the United States but was not incorporated into
  • Balzac v. Puerto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 (1922) fue un caso en donde la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos interpretó que algunos derechos de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos no aplicaban a los territorios no incorporados. Es conocido como uno de los Casos insulares.
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  • Balzac v. People of Porto Rico
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has abstract
  • Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 (1922), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that certain provisions of the U.S. Constitution did not apply to territories not incorporated into the union. It originated when Jesús M. Balzac was prosecuted for criminal libel in a district court of Puerto Rico. Balzac declared that his rights had been violated under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution as he was denied a trial by jury, since the code of criminal procedure of Puerto Rico did not grant a jury trial in misdemeanor cases. In the appeal, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the judgments of the lower courts on the island in deciding that the provisions of the Constitution did not apply to a territory that belonged to the United States but was not incorporated into the Union. It has become known as one of the "Insular Cases".
  • Balzac v. Puerto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 (1922) fue un caso en donde la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos interpretó que algunos derechos de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos no aplicaban a los territorios no incorporados. Es conocido como uno de los Casos insulares. El caso se originó cuando el periodista Jesús M. Balzac fue condenado por dos casos de libelo criminal en las cortes locales de Puerto Rico. Balzac apeló a la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos. Ante dicho foro, sostuvo que su condición de ciudadano estadounidense le hacía acreedor a ser juzgado por un jurado según la sexta enmienda de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos. La Corte Suprema falló en contra de Balzac argumentado que no todos los derechos de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos aplicaban a un territorio que no estaba incorporado como parte de la unión americana. El Tribunal Supremo aclaró que la extensión de la ciudadanía estadounidense a los puertorriqueños a través de la Ley Jones de 1917 no tenía el efecto de incorporar a Puerto Rico a los Estados Unidos. La determinación de incorporar un territorio tiene que realizarse de forma expresa por el Congreso de los Estados Unidos.
ArgueDate
  • --03-20
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Concurrence
  • Holmes
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  • --04-10
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  • Sixth Amendment protections do not apply to unincorporated territories of the United States.
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  • McKenna, Day, Van Devanter, Pitney, McReynolds, Brandeis, Sutherland
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  • Balzac v. Porto Rico
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USPage
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majority
  • Taft
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