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Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement originated in the loosely organized city-states of Early Dynastic Sumer. Each city, kingdom and trade guild had its own standards until the formation of the Akkadian Empire when Sargon of Akkad issued a common standard. This standard was improved by Naram-Sin, but fell into disuse after the Akkadian Empire dissolved. The standard of Naram-Sin was readopted in the Ur III period by the Nanše Hymn which reduced a plethora of multiple standards to a few agreed upon common groupings. Successors to Sumerian civilization including the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Persians continued to use these groupings. Akkado-Sumerian metrology has been reconstructed by applying statistical methods to compare Sumerian architecture, architectural plans, and issued offici

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  • Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement
  • Unidades de medida da antiga Mesopotâmia
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  • Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement originated in the loosely organized city-states of Early Dynastic Sumer. Each city, kingdom and trade guild had its own standards until the formation of the Akkadian Empire when Sargon of Akkad issued a common standard. This standard was improved by Naram-Sin, but fell into disuse after the Akkadian Empire dissolved. The standard of Naram-Sin was readopted in the Ur III period by the Nanše Hymn which reduced a plethora of multiple standards to a few agreed upon common groupings. Successors to Sumerian civilization including the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Persians continued to use these groupings. Akkado-Sumerian metrology has been reconstructed by applying statistical methods to compare Sumerian architecture, architectural plans, and issued offici
  • As unidades de medida da antiga Mesopotâmia originaram-se nas cidades-estado da Suméria. As unidades em si cresceram fora da tradição de contagem de símbolos usada no período Neolítico (6 000 a.C.). A contagem de símbolos foi usada para manter contas de riqueza pessoal e tinham funções metrológicas e matemáticas.
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  • Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement originated in the loosely organized city-states of Early Dynastic Sumer. Each city, kingdom and trade guild had its own standards until the formation of the Akkadian Empire when Sargon of Akkad issued a common standard. This standard was improved by Naram-Sin, but fell into disuse after the Akkadian Empire dissolved. The standard of Naram-Sin was readopted in the Ur III period by the Nanše Hymn which reduced a plethora of multiple standards to a few agreed upon common groupings. Successors to Sumerian civilization including the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Persians continued to use these groupings. Akkado-Sumerian metrology has been reconstructed by applying statistical methods to compare Sumerian architecture, architectural plans, and issued official standards such as Statue B of Gudea and the bronze cubit of Nippur.
  • As unidades de medida da antiga Mesopotâmia originaram-se nas cidades-estado da Suméria. As unidades em si cresceram fora da tradição de contagem de símbolos usada no período Neolítico (6 000 a.C.). A contagem de símbolos foi usada para manter contas de riqueza pessoal e tinham funções metrológicas e matemáticas. Cada cidade, reino e guilda de comércio tinha seus próprios padrões até a formação do Império Acádio quando Sargão da Acádia unificou os padrões. Este sistema foi aperfeiçoado por Naram-Sin, mas caiu em desuso após a dissolução do Império Acádio. O padrão de Naram-Sin foi reintroduzido durante a terceira dinastia de Ur por Nanše Hymm que reduziu uma infinidade sistemas a alguns poucos, conforme agrupamentos comuns. Sucessores da civilização Suméria, incluindo os babilônios, assírios e persas, continuaram a usar esses sistemas. A metrologia Acado-suméria foi reconstruída através da aplicação de métodos estatísticos comparando a arquitetura suméria, projetos arquitetônicos e normas oficiais emitidas pelos governantes, como o uso da Estátua de Gudea e o côvado de bronze de Nipur. Nos últimos tempos, arqueólogos encontraram uma relação entre as metrologias suméria e o Sistema Internacional de Unidades.
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